Africa climate climatic belts, climate types and description

In Africa, a kind of climatic conditions. Since the continent crosses the equator, in addition to the equatorial belt, all other climatic zones are repeated.

The equatorial belt of Africa

The equatorial belt of the African continent is located in the Gulf of Guinea. There is warm air and wet climate here. The temperature maximum reaches +28 degrees Celsius, and approximately the same temperature above +20 degrees holds yearround. Precipitation of more than 2000 mm per year falls, which are distributed relatively evenly throughout the territory.

On both sides of the equator are two subequatorial zones. The summer season is wet and warm with a maximum of +28 degrees, and winter is dry. Depending on the seasons, air flows also change: equatorial wet and dry tropical. There is a long and short rainy seasons in this climatic zone, but the total annual rainfall does not exceed 400 mm.

Tropical zone

Most of the mainland lies in the tropical zone. The air mass here is continental, and under its influence in the sugar and in the south, deserts formed. There are practically no precipitation and the humidity of the air is slight. Rain can go a few years. During the day there is a very high air temperature, and at night degrees may drop below 0. A strong wind almost always blows, which can destroy the crop and activate sand storms. The small area in the southeast of the mainland has a tropical wet climate with a significant amount of precipitation, which fall out all year round.

Climatic zones of Africa

The extreme territories of the continent are in the subtropical zone. The average temperature level is +20 degrees with noticeable seasonal fluctuations. The south-west and northern part of the mainland lies in the Mediterranean type zone. In winter, precipitation falls in this area, and the summer is dry. A wet climate with regularly dropping precipitation throughout the year was formed in the southeast of the mainland.

Africa is the only continent that is on both sides of the equator, which influenced the formation of unique climatic conditions. So there is one equatorial belt on the mainland, and two subequatorial, tropical and subtropical belts. It is much hotter here than on other continents with similar climatic zones. These climatic conditions influenced the formation of unique nature in Africa.

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