Africanis: Dog breed characteristics, photo, nature, rules of care and content


  • Country of origin: South Africa
  • The size:
    Medium, large
  • Growth:
    50-60 cm
  • The weight:
    25–45 kg
  • Age:
    14–16 years
  • MKF breed group:
    Not recognized
  • Brief information

  • Semiwild native dogs;
  • Perhaps the world’s first domesticated dog;
  • A rare breed.
  • Character

    Africanis appeared on the territory of modern Egypt 7 thousand years ago. Together with the caravans of nomads and merchants, they gradually spread throughout the continent. About two millennia ago, these animals reached their modern habitat the south of Africa.

    Today, dog breeding, like hundreds of years ago, is under minimal human control. South Africa has special programs to protect these animals and preserve their populations in their natural habitats.

    Africanis: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance

    Strictly speaking, Africanis is not a breed, but a breed group. Its representatives do not have common external features and can look very different from each other. For example, dogs living in the desert are small and drier, while animals from mountainous areas are larger and have long, thick hair. In total, four such varieties of dogs are officially registered.

    Despite the semi-wild lifestyle, the love for man unites all Africanis. They are very smart and smart. In addition, these are strong and physically strong dogs, with no identified genetic abnormalities. The secret of their health is in natural selection. The breed has developed haphazardly for a long time, and its only breeder was nature and harsh conditions of survival.

    Africanis subtly feels his master and is incredibly devoted to him. This is especially evident during training. Africanis is not difficult to train, but care and patience are required. The dog reacts only to positive reinforcement, and more often even just to affection. You can’t raise your voice at her, scold and scold only as a last resort. These are sensitive and vulnerable pets.

    Africanis treats children with respect, provided that the child does not offend the dog. Much in their relationship depends on the upbringing of both.

    Like many native dogs, the Africanis easily gets along with relatives. The main thing is that the neighbor is non-confrontational and does not show aggression.


    Grooming for this breed largely depends on the dog’s coat type. In general, the owner does not require any special procedures. Pets with thick long hair should be brushed more often than their relatives with short hair.

    In addition to combing, it is also necessary to examine and clean the pet’s eyes and ears, his teeth. Oral hygiene is not only about brushing your teeth on time, but also about giving your pet hard chewy treats. They gently clean teeth from plaque.

    Conditions of detention

    Africanis, accustomed to freedom, feels more comfortable in a private house outside the city. However, a dog can also get along in a city apartment, the main thing is that there should be a loving owner nearby, who should provide the pet with enough walks and entertainment. Agility and other sports can be practiced with representatives of the breed.

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