Baikal is located in the Siberian region of Eurasia. It is the deepest lake on the planet and is filled with clean, clear, cold water. The reservoir is huge: the area of \u200b\u200bthe water surface is 31,722 square kilometers, which corresponds to the area of \u200b\u200bsome countries, for example, Belgium.
Baikal water is distinguished not only by its excellent chemical composition with a minimum amount of impurities, but also by high oxygen saturation. Due to this, the underwater world of the lake is extremely diverse. There are more than two and a half thousand species of aquatic animals, among which half are endemic (live only in this reservoir).
Asian snipe godwit
Great grebe (crested grebe)
Greater Spotted Eagle
Eastern Marsh Harrier
Black Baikal grayling
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Peacock eye nocturnal small
The fauna of Baikal consists not only of aquatic animals, fish and invertebrates, but also the fauna of the coastal zone. The lake is surrounded by Siberian taiga forests and numerous mountains, which means that there are animals traditional for this area: bear, fox, wolverine, musk deer and others. Perhaps the most amazing and majestic representative of the fauna of the Baikal coastal zone is the reindeer.
Returning to the underwater world, it is necessary to note the classic endemic the Baikal seal. It is a kind of seal and has been living in the waters of Lake Baikal for several millennia. Nowhere else in the world is there such a seal. This animal is an object of amateur fishing and has been used for food throughout the entire time of human presence on the shores of Lake Baikal. The Baikal seal is not an endangered species, but hunting for it is limited for prevention.
The rarest animal from the cat family lives on the shores of Lake Baikal the snow leopard or the irbis. The number of individuals is extremely small and amounts to tens. Outwardly, this animal looks like a lynx, but it is much larger and has a beautiful, almost white coat with black marks.