Animals of the tundra and foresttundra of Eurasia photo and description

Severe climatic conditions have formed in the tundra, but they are somewhat milder than in the Arctic Ocean region. Rivers flow here, there are lakes and swamps in which fish and aquatic animals are found. Birds fly over the expanses, nest in some places. Here they stay exclusively in the warm season, and as soon as it starts to get colder in autumn, they fly away to warmer climes.

Some species of fauna have adapted to the low frosts, snows and harsh climate that dominates here. In this natural area, competition and the struggle for survival are especially felt. To survive, animals have developed the following abilities:

  • endurance;
  • accumulation of subcutaneous fat;
  • long hair and plumage;
  • rational use of energy;
  • specific choice of breeding sites;
  • formation of a special diet.
  • Tundra birds

    Flocks of birds raise noise over the area. In the tundra there are arctic plovers and owls, gulls and terns, guillemots and snow buntings, comb eiders and ptarmigans, Lapland plantains and red-throated pipits. During the spring-summer period, birds arrive here from warm countries, arrange mass bird bazaars, draw nests, hatch eggs and grow their chicks. By the onset of cold weather, they must teach young animals to fly, so that then all together fly south. Some species (owls and partridges) live in the tundra yearround, as they are already used to living among the ice.

    Small Zuke




    Lapland plantain

    Redhaired skates

    Sea and river inhabitants

    The main residents of water bodies are fish. In the rivers, lakes, swamps and seas of the Russian tundra there are such species:






    Rich plankton in reservoirs, mollusks live. Sometimes the tundra of walruses and seals from neighboring habitats are wandered in the water area.


    Typical residents of the tundra are arctic foxes, northern deer, lemmings and polar wolves. These animals are adapted to life in a cold climate. To survive, they must constantly be in motion and look for food for themselves. Also, polar bears, foxes, bighorn sheep and hares, weasels, ermines and minks are sometimes found here.



    Thus, an amazing animal world was formed in the tundra. The life of all representatives of the fauna here depends on the climate and on their ability to survive, therefore unique and interesting species have gathered in this natural area. Some of them live not only in the tundra, but also in adjacent natural areas.

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