To the south of the Arctic deserts is the natural zone of the tundra, which covers the north of Eurasia. Here the temperature drops to –37 degrees in winter, and in summer it is rarely when it is higher than +10 degrees Celsius. It is very cold here all the time and the cold wind blows. In such severe climatic conditions, a very poor plant world was formed. Mosses and lichen are mainly found here, lingonberries, blueberries, cloudberries grow in some places in some places. In the summer, herbal plants appear on the banks of the rivers. As for the animal world, it is very diverse. Here, the northern deer and wolves live herds, lemmings and sheepskin are found, hares, arctic foxes, gophers, several species of birds and insects are found. For many reasons, animals in these parts are threatened with extinction, so some species are listed in the Red Book of Eurasia.
Disading bird species
The following rare species of birds are found in the tundra:
one. Redzone barracks. This species in winter lives on the shores of the Caspian Sea, and in the summer it moves to Taimyr, the population of small populations.
2. Pink Seagull. This is a beautiful species of birds with bright plumage. They are found in the tundra in small packs.
3. Orlan. Is a large bird, whose wingspan is 2.5 meters. This is a predator who changes his place of residence for the winter, and in May returns to the tundra.
four. The gesture is fastmelted. All the time the bird lives in the usual place of residence. The species is a predatory bird, and throughout the year it has enough food.
5. Whitecircuent Gagara. This bird has very fragile nests. As a result of hunting predators, chicks die in large numbers.
6. White goose. Geese settlements are inconsistent, so it is difficult to track the number of populations. Reducing the species is promoted by hunting people and wild animals.
7. Sapsan. This species has a relatively definite habitat, but migrates for the winter in warm edges. The preservation of the number depends on the food that the bird can get.
The only representative of a kind of Canadian sandboxes. Noteworthy is a distinctive appearance and behavior. A decrease in the population of yellowzobic dates from 1920, due to mass hunting. At the moment, the main threat of reducing the number is a change in the state of their natural habitat.
Rare species of mammals
Various types of mammals are found in the tundra. First of all, this is a snowster. This species feels great in harsh conditions. The males fight between themselves using twisted horns. In dangerous situations, they use them to eliminate enemies. The NovoZemelsky subspecies of the northern deer today is disappearing, which was facilitated by hunting, as well as a reduction in their habitat.
In the conditions of the tundra, white bears adapted well to life. However, today this species is rare. This is the largest animal, feeds on plants, roots, fruits, and also hunts for various animals. Very often, bears become victims of hunters. One of the most beautiful animals of the tundra is an ordinary arctic fox, which is also a victim of people due to beautiful fur, so this species is on the verge of extinction.
Ordinary fox (polar fox)
The preservation of animal tundra
Tundra occupies a relatively large territory of Eurasia. Here is a very interesting world of nature. Due to the harsh climatic conditions and anthropogenic activities in this area, many types of fauna are threatened by the risk of disappearance. To preserve these species, reserves are created, the fight against poaching is underway. It is necessary to take active actions in order to restore many populations. The difficulty also lies in the fact that there is either a little data on the number of some species or is not enough. Of course, in order to save the ecosystem of this natural zone, people need to stop killing animals, since the price of such a hunt is too high: we can forever lose valuable species of such beautiful animals as foxes, northern deer, birds such as pink gulls, small swans, white , yellowzobiki and other species.