Animals, plants and nature of North Ossetia photos and names

North Ossetia is one of the most beautiful republics of the North Caucasus. Within its borders are the Caucasus Mountains, forest-steppes and plains. The whole territory is inhabited by various representatives of flora and fauna. The pristine beauty of mountain ranges, natural gorges will not leave you indifferent. Of interest are the glaciers located on the territory of North Ossetia.

Climatic features

North Ossetia has three climate classifications:

  • warm humid continental;
  • hot humid continental;
  • subarctic.
  • The climate of North Ossetia is temperate continental, but varies by zone. Mozdok Plain is an arid place. The air temperature in June is +24, and in January16 degrees.

    The foothill and central region belongs to the temperate zone, which softens the proximity of the mountains. The area experiences long, rainy summers with mild winters. The temperature ranges from +20 in summer and3 degrees in winter.

    The main varieties of flora

    The nature of North Ossetia is rich in species diversity of animals and plants. The mountains are dominated by broad-leaved forests, alpine and subalpine flora. Three thousand species of plants, there are relict preglacial plants. Variety of shrubs, medicinal and rare herbs.

    On the eastern slopes of the Genaldon Gorge there are:

    Willow

    Willows belong to woody plants and love moist soil, they often grow near water bodies, a feature of the tree is the good flexibility of the branches.

    mountain birches

    Mountain birches are deciduous trees, it is characterized by the presence of white bark with dark spots.

    Hawthorn

    Hawthorn is a shrub and belongs to the Rosaceae family. Well known for its medicinal properties and has rich red fruits, similar to rose hips only the shape is rounder.

    Rose hip

    The rosehip has pink flowers and spines on the branches, the fruits ripen by September and are oval or drop-shaped (red, orange, purplish red).

    Rowan

    Rowan is known for its healing properties, its fruits ripen after the first frost.

    Currants, raspberries, lingonberries and Caucasian blueberries grow in places.

    Currant

    Raspberry

    Cowberry

    caucasian blueberry

    The western slope is covered with meadow grasses:

    Alpine clover

    Alpine clover belongs to the legume family and is a perennial plant.

    Belous

    Belous is a perennial aromatic plant, used in ancient times for embalming.

    The Karmadon Gorge in May is covered with a variety of flowers:

    Buttercup

    Buttercups are aquatic or terrestrial plants with poisonous sap.

    primrose

    Primroses belong to primroses, very beautiful and colorful plants.

    forget-me-not

    Forget-me-nots are part of the Burachnikov family, their flowers are blue with a light middle and a dark dot in the center.

    Anemone

    Anemones belong to the Ranunculaceae family, it is a perennial with a fleshy rhizome, white flowers with a yellow center.

    The southern slopes of Chizhjity-khokh and Arau-khokh are dried by the sun’s rays, so only dry-loving plants grow here:

    Sagebrush

    Wormwood is a herbaceous or semi-shrub plant, strong bitterness is considered a characteristic feature. Wormwood is classified as a medicinal herb.

    Ekparcet

    Esparcet has more than 150 species, it is a wild herb of the legume family. Its flowers are purple, pink, they are collected in an ear or brush.

    Sage

    Sage a medicinal plant, copes well with drought does not like moisture, blooms June-July.

    Thyme

    Thyme is a perennial shrub that grows on the ground and covers it with a whole carpet, its leaves are used as a spice in cooking, in the canning and alcoholic beverage industry.

    All this pleases the eye and fascinates with its beauty. In summer, this forb is diluted with red poppies, white and pink daisies, bluebells of different colors.

    Red poppy

    Chamomile white

    Chamomile pink

    Bell

    Animals

    The most common animals are mountain goats.

    Caucasian mountain tour

    Their pastures are located in the meadows of Karmadon, and their herds number about 40 heads. These animals are very shy and prefer to hide in the rocks during the day, and descend from the mountains to pastures at dusk. At dawn they return to the mountains again.

    Mountain turkey-ular

    Their neighbors are mountain turkeys-ulars.

    These large birds have a protective coloration that allows them to blend in with the terrain. In the warm season, they live in the mountains, but by winter they descend into the woodlands.

    Chamois

    Chamois are one of the most beautiful animals in North Ossetia. These graceful animals easily move through the mountains and make dizzying jumps through deep abysses and sheer cliffs. In summer they graze in birch copses, and in winter they go to the sunny side.

    Brown bear

    A brown bear lives on the right bank of the Genaldon Gorge. The most amazing thing is that he does not hibernate like his northern relative. However, they have common tastes they like raspberries, currants and blueberries.

    Less dangerous representatives of the animal world of the Caucasus live in the ravines foxes, badgers, hares.

    Fox

    Badger

    Hare

    Birds

    A large abundance of birds in the meadows of Karmadon pigeons, larks, thrushes, mountain buntings, wall climbers also attract birds of prey.

    Pigeon

    lark

    Thrush

    mountain oatmeal

    wall climber

    In the mountains, on high cliffs, large birds of prey, eagles and golden eagles, build their nests. Falcons often fly to hunt.

    Eagle

    Golden eagle

    Falcon

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