Flywoman Panther (lat. Amanita Pantherina) is a dangerous poisonous mushroom representing the fly agaric family. The chemical composition of this fungus includes a large number of different toxins that can become deadly for humans. Often you can stumble upon this representative in the forests of Eurasia, so mushroom pickers should be very careful and careful.
Panther fly agaric is represented by a hat and a leg. The diameter of the hat can vary from 6 to 12 centimeters with a width of not more than 1.5 centimeters. The cylindrical shape of the hat is characteristic of young mushrooms, in the old ones it acquires a semi-prohibited shape. Thin edges with hanging scales. To the touch differs smoothly. In wet weather is covered with mucus. The color of the skin of the hat is predominantly brown, but grayish and beige shades are found. Differs in a large number of white scales that are easily separated. The plates do not grow to the leg and differ in the presence of brown spots.
The leg of the panther fly agaric varies from 4 to 12 centimeters in a height with a diameter of not more than 1, 5 centimeters. The shape of the leg is cylindrical with a narrowed upper part. Likefly is a tuber. The texture is vile. The ring can be located at the base and have a hanging shape, but there are mushrooms without a characteristic ring. Volva is at the base of the leg.
Panther fly agaric. The color on the cut does not change. The texture of the pulp is fragile and wet. Is distinguished by an unpleasant odor and lack of taste.
Territory of growth
Panther fly agaric tends to form mycorrhizes with various trees, in particular, with pine, oak and beech. You can meet a panther fly agaric in any forests. The fruiting period begins in early August and lasts until November. Can grow next to edible mushrooms. On the territory of Eurasia, a pantry flyer can be found in Siberia and in the Far East. Often found in Estonia, Latvia, Belarus and Ukraine.
The toxicity of the panther fly agaric is due to the high content of a large number of toxic substances that are found in red fly agaric and black Bellen. The first group of substances includes muscarin, muscium, bufotenin and so on. The second group is represented by the concentration of hyoscyamine and skopolamin. The interaction of these two groups of toxic substances leads to absolutely specific symptoms, which was even nicknamed as a “pantheric syndrome”.
The first symptoms can occur 1-2 hours after consumption of mushrooms. These include: vomiting, diarrhea, dry mucous membranes, difficulty breathing, tachycardia, fever, expansion of the pupils. In particularly severe forms of poisoning, excessive excitement, euphoria and visual hallucinations may occur. However, at the moment, deaths were not recorded from the use of this toxic mushroom. However, serious poisoning can lead to irreversible consequences in the body. With the first symptoms of the disease, it is urgent to use professional medical help. Before the arrival of doctors, it is recommended to rinse the stomach of the patient with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, drink a large amount of water and strong tea.
The poison contained in the panther fly agaric is considered more dangerous than the poisons of red fly agaric and pale extensions. Toxic substances are not destroyed even after prolonged heat treatment.
Use in folk medicine
Panther mushroom has received a separate application in folk medicine. It is actively used to normalize the metabolism due to the presence of biogenic amine choline in its composition. Also, in medicine, its properties are actively used to treat tumors, joint pain, sclerosis and migraines. Medicines are made only from dry panther fly agaric. The dried mushroom hat can be used as a healing agent for various wounds. Effective medicines from panther fly agaric for the treatment of vascular diseases and impotence. Since ancient times, fly agaric has been used to combat parasitic insects.
You can use the panther mushroom only after the doctor’s recommendation. Departure by this mushroom can seriously harm health.
The flywoman Panther has a number of common features with an edible thick fly agaric. The main difference is large in size and brown color of the hat of the thick fly agaric. Beginning mushroom pickers may have difficulties in identifying these two representatives.
A number of features of panther fly agaric are similar to conditionally sedentary gray-pink fly agaric. You can distinguish these two types by a number of signs:
The danger is that often a panther fly agaric grows next to gray-pink representatives.
Panther fly agaric has a slight resemblance to high fly agaric.
It can be distinguished by a characteristic long leg and the absence of scales on a hat characteristic of a panther representative. There is no even understanding of the edibility of high fly agaric, so it is not recommended to eat it for food.