Man is the crown of evolution, no one argues with this, but at the same time, people, like no other representatives of the fauna, have an irreparable impact on the environment. Moreover, human activity in most cases is exclusively negative, catastrophic. It is the influence of man on nature that is usually called the anthropogenic factor.
Problems associated with the influence of the anthropogenic factor
The constant evolution of mankind and its development brings new changes to the world. Due to the vital activity of the human community, the planet is constantly moving towards an ecological disaster. Global warming, ozone holes, the extinction of many animal species and the extinction of plants are often associated precisely with the influence of the human factor. According to scientists, due to the continuous growth of the population, over time, the consequences of human activities will increasingly affect the world around us, and if the necessary measures are not taken, it is Homo sapiens that can cause the death of all life on the planet.
Classification of anthropogenic factors
In the course of his life, a person intentionally, or not on purpose, constantly, one way or another, interferes with the world around him. All types of such intervention are divided into the following anthropogenic impact factors:
Direct impact factors are short-term human activities that can affect nature. These include deforestation for the construction of transport routes, drying up of rivers and lakes, flooding of individual plots of land for the construction of hydropower plants, etc.d.
Indirect factors are interventions that last longer, but their harm is less noticeable and only felt over time: the development of industry and the subsequent smog, radiation, pollution of soils and waters.
Complex factors are a combination of the first two factors that together have a negative impact on the environment. For example: landscape change and urban expansion lead to the extinction of many species of mammals.
Categories of anthropogenic factors
In turn, each longterm or shortterm influence of people on the surrounding nature can be divided into the following categories:
Physical factors are associated with the development of autobuilding, aircraft industry, railway transport, nuclear power plants, rocket science and human exit into space lead to a constant concussion of the earth’s surface, which cannot but affect the surrounding fauna.
Biological factors are the development of agriculture, a modification of existing plant species and improvement of animal breeds, the removal of new species, at the same time, the emergence of new species of bacteria and diseases that can negatively affect the plant or animal world.
Social factors relationships within the species: the influence of people on each other and on the world as a whole. These include overpopulation, wars, politics.
Ways to solve emerging problems
At this stage of its development, humanity is increasingly thinking about the negative impact of its activities on nature and the threats associated with it. The first steps to solve problems are already being taken now: the transition to alternative types of energy, the creation of reserves, disposal of waste waste, solving conflicts peacefully. But all of the above measures are extremely few for the visible result, so people have to rethink their attitude to nature and planet and find new ways of solving both already arising, during the human activity of the problems, and the prevention of their negative impact in the future.