Man is the most dangerous source of environmental degradation. As a result of economic and industrial activities of people, water, air, soil, habitat of many species of flora and fauna are polluted. The most dangerous pollutants:
Characteristics of anthropogenic pollution
Every person, consciously or not, constantly contributes to the pollution of the biosphere. Any area actively leads to pollution. So metallurgy pollutes the water that is used in the production process, and as a result of combustion, harmful substances enter the atmosphere. The energy sector involves the use of various types of fuel oil, gas, coal, which, when burned, also releases pollutants into the air.
The runoff of industrial and domestic waters into rivers and lakes leads to the death of hundreds of populations of species and other living creatures. During the expansion of settlements, hectares of forests, steppes, swamps and other natural objects are destroyed.
One of the biggest problems generated by mankind is the problem of garbage and waste. It is regularly taken to landfills and burned. The products of decay and combustion pollute both the earth and the air. Another problem arises from this this is the long-term decomposition of certain materials. If newsprint, cardboard, food waste are recycled in a few years, then car tires, polyethylene, plastic, cans, batteries, baby diapers, glass and other materials decompose over several centuries.
Types of anthropogenic pollution
Summarizing the harm done to the planet by a person, the following types of pollution, which have anthropogenic origin: can be distinguished:
In scale, anthropogenic pollution of the biosphere distinguishes local and regional. In the case when pollution takes immense proportions, spreading throughout the planet, it reaches the level of global.
It is impossible to eliminate the problem of anthropogenic pollution in any way, but it can be controlled. To do this, you need to correctly use natural resources, conduct environmental actions, modernize all industrial enterprises, increasing their effectiveness. At the moment, many countries are performing environmental improvement programs and are trying to reduce the negative impact of industry on the environment, which leads to the first positive results.