Apollo – A butterfly, who received its name in honor of the god of beauty and light, is one of the amazing representatives of their family.
The color of the wings of an adult butterfly varies from white to light cream. And after performing from the cocoon, the color of the wings of the Apollo yellowish. On the upper wings are several dark (black) spots. There are several red round spots with a dark contour on the lower wings, as well as the lower wings have a rounded shape. The body of the butterfly is completely covered with small hairs. The legs are short enough, also covered with small hairs and have a cream color. The eyes are quite large, occupying most of the side surface of the head. Antennae have the shape of mace.
The caterpillar of the butteron butteron is quite large. Has a black color with bright red-orange spots throughout the body. Also throughout the body are hairs that protect it from predators.
You can meet this amazing beauty butterfly from the beginning of June to the end of August.The main habitat of Apollo – The mountainous terrain (often on limestone soils) of a number of European countries (Scandinavia, Finland, Spain), Alpine meadows, Central Russia, the southern part of the Urals, Yakutia, and Mongolia.
Apollo Day butterfly, the main peak of activity falls on noon. An adult butterfly, as befits butterflies, feeds on the nectar of flowers. The main diet consists of nectar flowers of the Bodyak, Clover, Oretea, Crossbone of the Ordinary and Basilka. In search of food, the butterfly can fly a distance of up to five kilometers in a day.
Like most butterflies, power occurs by means of spiral proboscis.
The caterpillar of this butterfly feeds on leaves and is extremely voracious. Immediately after hatching, the caterpillar begins to eat. Having eaten all the leaves on the plant, it moves to the following.
Apollo’s butterfly has a lot of enemies in the wild. The main threat comes from birds, OS, mantis, frogs and dragonflies. Also, the threat to the butterfly is spiders, and lizards, hedgehogs, and rodents. But such a huge number of enemies are compensated by bright coloring, which reports the poisonousness of the insect. As soon as Apollo feels danger, falls to the ground opening the wings and shows its protective color.
Another enemy for butterflies was a man. Destroying the natural habitat of Apollo leads to a sharp reduction in the population.
- The type of Apollo butterfly has about six hundred subspecies and is of great interest among modern naturalists.
- With the onset of the evening, Apollo falls into the grass where it spends an overnight stay, and also hides from enemies.
- In case of danger, the first thing Apollo is to strive to fly away, but if this fails (but it should be noted that these butterflies fly not very well) and the protective color does not scare away the enemy, then the butterfly begins to rub on the wing with his paw, creating a frightening hissing sound.
- The caterpillar is pouring five times for all the time. Gradually acquiring a black color with bright red spots.
- Apollo is a threat of extinction and the scientists closely study this type in order to preserve and restore the natural habitat of this species.