Aquarium fish photo and name, illness and treatment, types of predatory, maintenance and care

Aquarium fish are striking in their diversity there are small fish, and giants, bullying and civilians, and exotic options and quite familiar to the look in a word, the head of the novice aquariumist can easily dizzy from the number of names and characteristics.

Aquarium fish are commonly called heterogeneous fish (mainly taxonomically), which are contained in aquariums to decorate the interior: after all, almost all of them differ in bright coloring and unusual forms of body.

Moreover, the first references to such dilution of fish are found in China at 1500 BC.e.

Types of aquarium fish






Mollinesia is black


Guppy Andler







Clown fish



gold fish







Siamese algae


Tsichlazoma Severum






Pelvikiromis Pulher



Apistogram Ramirezi

Guri marble





Predatory aquarium fish

Aquarium fish can be very different and most difficult, of course, with their predatory representatives. They are distinguished by impressive sizes and an aggressive character. As predatory fish, it is popular to breed cichlids, pirania, polypterus, discus and scalaries.



Before making a responsible decision about the settlement in the aquarium of predators, it is necessary to remember the difficulties associated with their breeding. Moreover, these difficulties are primarily connected, not so much with the satisfaction of the needs for protein and lively foods, but with the need to maintain a proper level of quality (which means purity) of water, taking into account all permissible hydrochemical indicators.

And it is precisely the content of the aquarium in due cleanliness that may turn out to be the most difficult problem because predators produce a large number of organic waste. Given the need for a large volume of the aquarium for these fish, it will require equipping highperformance systems associated with the purification and monitoring of water. The aquarium must be properly located and quite spacious. The water should be properly saturated with oxygen and this will require special filters and aeration.

Diseases of aquarium fish

As in the world of animals, there are hundreds in the world of the inhabitants of the aquarium, if not thousands of types of diseases and even more reasons for their appearance. But the main and main reason for almost any disease of aquarium fish is only one these are inappropriate or even simply poor habitats.

Such global reasons affecting the health of fish can be attributed:

  • the neglect of the aquarium (stagnant or contaminated water and many organic waste);
  • the inappropriate composition of water for fish, its poor quality, violation of the balance;
  • incorrect arrangement of the aquarium (bright lighting, low temperature, overpopulation);
  • unacceptability of the features of various types of fish mainly, their behavior;
  • inappropriate food or incorrectly composed diet, overfing;
  • Incorrect observance of quarantine standards and rules for new fish (from three to eight weeks).
  • All these external factors contribute to the negative manifestation of the wellbeing of aquarium fish, which leads, first of all, to a decrease in the level of their immunity. As a result, in this case, the risk of infection of the inhabitants of the aquarium increases with a variety of bacteria and microorganisms of the pathogenic type.

    Columnariosis Fish disease

    Fish diseases, as a rule, are usually divided into several types:

  • contagious are caused by a fungus or infection;
  • not infectious they are mainly caused by adverse conditions in the habitat.
  • In general, several more forms of diseases of the inhabitants of the aquarium can be distinguished, depending on the type of manifestation: it can be diseases that appear according to external signs (such manifestations are treated without problems with timely detection), and internal diseases that are very difficult to diagnose. As a rule, in this case, you need to pay attention to the behavior of pets (loss of appetite, change in color or a sharp change in the technique of movement).

    Naturally, to combat fish diseases and their successful treatment, a variety of drugs are usually used everything, as in people. But to determine exactly which drugs, in what doses and in what order the help of a specialist may be needed it is best to contact a special clinic. Of course, you can also diagnose yourself, but you need to understand that it will be quite difficult for a novice aquarist because many diseases have very similar symptoms.

    Treatment of aquarium fish

    Before performing any treatment and making any medicine, it is necessary to clearly make sure that the disease was diagnosed correctly, and the cause of the malaise of fish was also correctly established. Most often, the cause of the disease may be elementary stress associated with the transportation or change in water quality. In this case, it is necessary to test water and take all measures to increase its indicators.

    And before introducing a therapeutic drug, it is advisable to remove any activated charcoal from the filter after all, otherwise the medicine simply does not work. And don’t forget to get acquainted with the instructions for the drug!

    Having determined the reason, and eliminating all the obvious problems for malaise (water quality or new inhabitants), it is necessary to determine what the fish still fell ill, after monitoring the pronounced symptoms, and then treatment.

    You need to understand that the inhabitants of the aquarium do not get sick just like that and the main negative impetus for this is almost always inappropriate conditions of detention. And any treatment is best started after all with the search for the root cause of the problem-and its elimination. And further the decision is made on the correct treatment mechanism.

    Compatibility of aquarium fish

    Compatibility of fish in the aquarium system is a question that excites not only beginner aquarists. After all, the solution to the problem of the settlement of the aquarium automatically leads to the question of the intricacy of fish, which can literally serve as the cause of the life or death of all its inhabitants.

    The topic of compatibility is quite extensive, and it is controversial even for experienced ransomes of aquarium fish. Moreover, it is solved quite individually in each case that is why compatibility causes a huge number of issues and disagreements.

    Compatibility table

    Aquarium fish combination table

    Regarding the compatibility of the inhabitants of the aquarium, then there are several main points that require careful consideration when solving this issue:

    In order to provide fish for a successful and comfortable joint existence, it is necessary, first of all, not to try to combine marine and freshwater inhabitants. After all, these types of fish have diametrically different needs for water and it is unrealistic to combine them in one aquarium.

    However, the most important rule for a full life in the aquarium, its inhabitants need to create conditions that would be as close as possible to natural. T.e. To fill out the aquarium, it is necessary to clarify the boundaries of permissible indicators in temperature, acidity and hardness of water for those fish that will be selected as residents of the aquarium.

    Care and content

    Any aquarist knows the main and main rule of fishing: and this is a decent state of water.

    First of all, it must be defended without fail and the time for upholding is mainly determined by the type of fish. For some fish, only only days, and some will need much more. This is due to the fact that a day contained in water may not have time to completely evaporate and the water will acquire optimal indicators only after a few days.

    A good life hack from experienced breeders: you can not expect a few days until the water is standing, but simply warm it up to a temperature of about 70 degrees and then just let cool cool. This will not take much time but it will help to remove an excess of oxygen, superfluous for fish.

    It must be remembered that you should not change water too often after the cleaning process. You just need to add clean water in small portions but it is recommended to do this only after a thorough cleaning of the bottom of the aquarium. It is advisable to do this once a week and the optimal amount of fresh water, which can be updated by the aquarium is the third part (no more!). And do not forget that for some tropical fish a change of water can be severe stress therefore, for such species, you need to reduce the amount of refreshed water to 1 \ 5 part from the total volume.

    Do not panic if the water suddenly became muddy sometimes it can be due to the remnants of the feed. In this case, you just need to clean the water and remove dry food from the diet. Optimal just temporarily evacuate the fish; And if the water does not gain clean parameters, then just completely clean the aquarium.

    If you only plan to populate a new aquarium with fish, then you need to remember that it is required to wash it first. To do this, within a week you need to change water every few days and then you can already decorate the aquarium with soil and plant plants. You should not use small sand as soil it can affect the exchange processes in the aquarium.

    After that, the aquarium should stand at rest another week to give the opportunity to take root in algae and plants. And after all these procedures, residents can be populated but necessarily taking into account their preferences, nature and features of the content. It should be especially neat if there are already inhabitants in the aquarium.

    And an important point any aquarium must be equipped with aerator. Moreover, the supply of air should be carried out at least eight hours during the day.

    How to feed

    The question of the diet of fish, feeding frequency and the amount of food can be reduced to the simplest recommendations:

  • Adult fish need feeding once a day and the feed should be destroyed for a little less than an hour;
  • The ideal option would be the feeding mode twice a day and the feed should be eaten for half an hour;
  • If we are talking about fry, then they need to be fed often depending on age and size. Moreover, sometimes a constant presence of food may be required.
  • But any fish can easily do without any problems without feed for several weeks. Moreover, in the old aquarium, there will be a snack for her for her.

    And this option will be preferable than if it is necessary to leave the aquarium on a nonspecialist who can create difficulties by overfectioning fish (which means a dieting of the water and the earth of the inhabitants of the aquarium).

    And in order not to leave the aquarium on outsiders, modern equipment can offer several exits from the situation:

  • special feeds that soften for a long period of time;
  • special auto feeders, in which, if desired, the feeding period and the amount of food issued is established.
  • Conclusion

    Aquariums are one of the most common hobbies today, because it can be easily entered by any interior, and observation of fish will help to forget about all the problems of modern life and just relax to relax. The aquarium does not need special or complex care subject to the simplest recommendations, you can admire the fish around the clock. Passion for fish can serve as a wonderful hobby for people of different ages and material condition. With fish without problems, you can get a lot of emotions and cheer yourself up!

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    Comments: 1
    1. steakhouse las vegas

      Your method of explaining everything in this paragraph is really good, all be capable of effortlessly be aware of it, Thanks a lot.

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