Get ready to get acquainted with the most elegant representative of the Olenev family. A medium-sized deer with saturated reddish hair, decorated with contrasting bright white patterns. White patterns cover the whole body of the animal except the head. The deer retains such a color throughout the year. Large and branched horns with long processes are located on the head. The shape of the horns resembles a harp. The deer is able to drop its horns more times a year. Axis weight can reach 100 kilograms. A distinctive feature of the species is a dark strip on the back.
The view of Axis originates in the forest mountains of the Himalayas, covering Nepal, Sri Lanka and India. Most often axis can be found in the empty spaces of India. Due to the increase in the population, the deer acclimatized in the territories of various countries. An important factor in successful adaptation in the new territory is the lack of severe frosts. Herds of axis living there for more than 150 years were discovered in Europe. As a rule, these deer live in tropical, sometimes subtropical, forests near reservoirs.
This representative does not have a specific marriage start time. During estrus, the leader of the flock becomes very excitable and is preparing for a fight with everyone who approaches his herd. During the propagation period, fights between males are common. Like most deer, axis prove their superiority by struggle with the use of horns. Conflicts between deer are accompanied by a wild roar. The winner of the fight receives the right to mating with the female. As a rule, the female gives birth to a minimum of 2 deer. For 7 weeks, the baby feeds mother’s milk. Quite often after childbirth, the female rummages again. Thus, a little more than a year, brings two offspring.
The diet of deer is various herbs, as well as forest flowers and fruits. To obtain the desired supply of proteins, axis is consumed mushrooms. Throughout the year, animal nutrition is determined by climatic conditions. In the cold period from October to January, shrubs and leaves of trees includes deer diet. The process of eating in axis is collective in nature. Deer gather in flocks and move quietly in search of food.
Life and character characteristics
This type of deer spends his life in small herds. At the head of which are several males and lashes with cubs. In the herds of deer, you can see other greenhouses, most often an antelope and barasing. Axis are active all day, and with the onset of dusk begin to get food. The rest time is in the forest a couple of hours before the appearance of the sun.
Axis is considered a rather nervous and easily excitable animal, however, it lends itself to training and may be contained in captivity.
Alens Axis are endowed with thin smell and hearing, they can also boast of sharp vision. The most dangerous predator for this type is tigers, leopards and crocodiles. Due to shyness, the deer adapted to hide in the rivers. At the slightest signs of danger, the whole flock runs to the other side until it hides from predatory animals.