Bami – grassy plant with a number of useful properties. Today, many gardeners are engaged in its cultivation. However, due to climatic conditions, it does not always take root. In this case, you need to know the rules of landing and care that will allow you to grow a strong bamia with a rich harvest.
Bamia belongs to the family of mallow. This is a useful plant that is used as an independent dish and in fresh form. However, ripe fruits (over 5 days) become fibrous. Bamia has many names:
- Lady fingers;
- The hibiscus is edible.
Bamia is rightfully considered valuable vegetable culture. It is especially widespread in Africa, North America, India. It is believed that Arabs were brought to Europe. Today it is grown in Eurasia and Ukraine.
To the taste of the vegetable resembles asparagus, zucchini and young eggplant.
The fruits contain 90 grams. water. They include:
- 2 gr. squirrel;
- 8 gr. carbohydrates;
- 2 gr. fat.
The main part of the carbohydrates Gombo – This is fiber. In 100 gr. fruits contain 15% of the daily norm of dietary fiber. Also, the vegetable includes chlorophyll, calcium, sodium, magnesium, vitamins.
In height, the Gombo bush can reach 40 cm. However, there were cases when it exceeded 2 meters. This plant has a rather thick, branched stalk. The leaves have a light green color. They are large and slightly lowered down. Mostly the leaves are sevenblade, but five are found.
Flowers of edible hibiscus yellowish-cream shade. They grow on the pedunks between the leaves. Fruits are formed from the flowers. Among gardeners, they are called «Boxes». The fruits received such a nickname for the light of their appearance: 4 or 8 granous form, inside of which there are seeds. On top the box is covered with a fluff.
Growing and care
Grind the district through seedlings. It does not tolerate diving, so in early May the plant is planted in separate containers. Before you start growing bamia, it is necessary to soak the seeds in water within a day. After that they should be placed in peat cups. Seeds are deepened into the soil by 3-4 cm. The soil should be prefertilized. Seedlings should be indoors that maintain a temperature of 22-24 degrees. In addition, the room must be regularly ventilated, otherwise you can get overheating or waterlogging of air, which will negatively affect the growth and state of seedlings.
For the first feeding, you can use phosphorus fertilizer. It must be added to the soil immediately after the appearance of sprouts and throughout their development. Gombo is ready for landing in a greenhouse or a greenhouse 45 days after sowing seeds. When landing, it is necessary to observe the distance between the plants – About 40 cm.
Planting and care
The seedlings should be planted at the end of May or early June. During this period, the soil should be warmed up at a depth of 4 cm. more than 15 degrees. Planting seedlings should be deep enough – 3-5 cm. It should first be processed from pests, since the bamia is quite susceptible to them. It is recommended to process seedlings with a solution of copper sulfate. It is important to note that this culture is prohibited to process during flowering.
It is interesting to note that an edible hibiscus can be used as a cucumber-wool culture for cucumbers. It can also be on a separate bed.
Before sowing, it is necessary to moisturize the soil. Subsequent watering should take place after 7 days. Many gardeners consider the district a capricious plant, since it does not tolerate both the groundwalling of the soil and its drying out. Based on this, it is recommended to mulch the soil after planting with humus. Thanks to this, the plant will not need frequent watering, while the mulch will retain the resulting moisture, avoiding soil transplantation.
When an edible hibiscus grows up, it must be protected to a distance of 35 centimeters between plants. Please note that throughout the growing season, the soil in which Gombo is planted needs to be cultivated. This is necessary for the proper development of the plant and highquality crop.
Water bamia 1 time every 10 days. In hot weather, you can increase watering to 1 time in 7 days. Gombo care involves the installation of support. It is necessary so that its branches with the crop do not contact the ground, otherwise it will begin to rot. If the bamia grows very slowly, then it can be fed with mineral fertilizer.
With proper care and the creation of the necessary conditions, the first crop can be obtained after 2.5 months. When flowering, this culture is permissible to feed potassium nitrate.
Memo to the gardener:
- Strengthened care for the Gombo is necessary only for 1 month after landing. During this period, you will have to regularly plunder the beds and maintain stable soil conditions.
- Throughout the growth of edible hibiscus, the formation of solid crust and the active development of weeds is not allowed on the basis. The soil should be loosened every 10-12 days, supplementing it with weeding if necessary. It is important to remember that weeds will harm Gombo, so they cannot be allowed to develop on the beds.
- During the period of prolonged drought, special attention should be paid to watering bamia. Soil must be soaked 35 cm deep.
- Когда растение достигнет 40 см в высоту, главный побег желательно пинцировать для увеличения кущения.
- As the lateral branches of hibiscus grow, it is preferable to tie to the supports. Most often, there are enough garter only in windy areas, where bushes do not retain their shape well.
It is worth noting that for this culture, the bear is especially dangerous. It feeds on small sprouts. Most often it can be seen on the back of the leaf.
It is scientifically proven that the bamia has a number of valuable properties. Even in ancient times, it was used in folk medicine to treat diseases:
- Gastrointestinal tract. This plant contains a large amount of magnesium, zinc, manganese, cellulose, and vitamins of different groups, so the vegetable has positively affects the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Bamia contributes to healing erosion and ulcers. The use of the vegetable normalizes the production of digestive juices and delicately cleanses the intestines.
- Respiratory organs. Edible hibiscus relieves inflammatory processes and reduces the sensitivity of the respiratory tract. Prevents swelling of the mucous membranes. Pods contain a lot of ascorbic acid, which increases local bronchopulmonal immunity.
- Of cardio-vascular system. Regular use of the vegetable positively affects the blood and state of the heart and blood vessels. Microcirculation in the capillary network is restored. The level of hemoglobin increases. The vegetable also prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
It is worth noting that this plant contains folic acid, which is especially necessary for women during pregnancy. It is recommended to introduce vegetable into the diet in 1 trimester. It helps the correct formation of the baby’s nervous tube, which prevents the formation of malformations of the brain and spinal cord.
Due to its unusual taste and healing properties, this plant is widely used in various fields:
- In medicine. Means for the treatment of cough, bronchitis, laryngitis, gastritis, ulcers, and other ailments are made from edible hibiscus.
- In dietetics. Bamia is recommended to add to food people who want to reduce weight. Due to the high fiber content, it dulls the feeling of hunger between meals.
- In cosmetology. Improves the quality of hair, nails and skin. It is interesting to note that this vegetable was added to their diet, Queen Cleopatra.
- In cooking. The vegetable has a piquant taste, which in the process of cooking acquires exquisite notes. Can be combined with rice, fish, vegetables, meat, mushrooms.
Okra – This is an exotic vegetable, which is becoming more popular among gardeners every year. Its properties positively affect the beauty and state of health. In addition, it is also able to diversify any dish, giving it a special piquancy.