Burnet umbrella (lat. Lepiota Castanea) is an inedible and poisonous mushroom that belongs to the champignon family, Lepiot’s family. It contains amatoxins that affect hepatocytes, liver cells, thereby leading them to necrosis. There were no lethal cases, but it is still not worth neglecting its health, because this type of poison can lead to complications that will not allow a person to live in the future, and perhaps even kill, because the liver is a vital organ of our body.
The hat is quite modest in size and reaches about 4 centimeters in diameter. The form varies depending on age: young mushrooms are eggshaped, but closer to growing up and old age straighten, becomes convex or even flat with a small tubercle in the center. Color is often brown or whitish, on the hat itself you can see many scaly outgrowths, which create the whole color.
The leg has a cylindrical shape, does not narrow to the ends. Its length can reach eight centimeters, while the thickness is very small and does not exceed 50 millimeters (0.5 cm). The color of the leg coincides with the hat. In the upper part, a ring grows, which is the remainder of the welum. Over time, the ring is reduced and disappears, so you can only see it on young copies. The pulp has an unpleasant odor that should already alert a person. When cut or pressure does not change, does not emit liquids.
Where it grows
The main habitat can be called the southern part of the northern hemisphere of our planet, so mushrooms are also found in the CIS, closer to the southern regions. Tries to settle near ditches, ditches and roads. He chooses deciduous and mixed forests as a place, since they have the most acceptable temperature for an umbrella. It grows from midsummer to the end of autumn, while some sources claim that they met mushrooms in the spring.
It is strictly not recommended to eat a chestnut umbrella, since it is considered a very poisonous fungus, which many scientists classify to mortally dangerous. Hepatotoxic poisons, in particular Amatoxins, are contained in this fungus and cause a person in a person’s necrosis of the liver. There were no fatal outcomes according to official figures, but such statistics can hardly be full and objective, therefore it is likely that there were still deaths.
The appearance of the umbrella is specific, so he does not have any special similar species, while his fellow, brown-red umbrella, better known under the names of the lepiote, brown-red, is very similar. The only difference is the plates that turn green by old age. They also have the color of scaly outgrowths: in lepiots they are not chestnut, but cherry-black. This species is even more dangerous than considered, since it is considered one of the most poisonous mushrooms in principle. A person after one bite dies for an hour, which is why fatal outcomes recorded a lot.