Basenji all about the dog, description, nature of the breed, photo


  • Country of Origin: Central Africa
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    40-43 cm
  • The weight:
    9–12 kg
  • Age:
    14–16 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    spitz and breeds of primitive type
  • Brief information

  • They rarely bark, preferring to make hissing and grumbling sounds;
  • One of the oldest dog breeds, with a history of over 5,000 years;
  • Considered a non-allergic breed.
    1. Pros and Cons of the Basenji
    2. Description of the basenji
    3. Head
    4. Eyes
    5. Ears
    6. Neck
    7. Frame
    8. Tail
    9. limbs
    10. Gait and movement
    11. wool cover
    12. Color
    13. Size and weight
    14. Basenji character
    15. Education and training
    16. Basenji content
    17. Food
    18. basenji health
    19. History reference
    20. basenji photo
    21. Who is this breed for?
    22. How to choose a puppy
    23. Photos of basenji puppies
    24. basenji price
    25. Video
    Basenji all about the dog, description, nature of the breed, photo

    Basenji a dog that came to our continent from the very heart of Africa. Interestingly, this breed appeared on its own, without human intervention. The appearance and character traits of its representatives were shaped by nature itself. Only natural selection has made the Basenji what it is today. And this is where all the charm and value of such amazing dogs lies. In our country, these dogs are quite rare, but every year their popularity is growing.

    Pros and Cons of the Basenji

    Basenji Benefits:

  • Representatives of this breed have an amazing feature they do not bark. This fact will definitely please your neighbors. Due to the special structure of the larynx, dogs simply do not know how to do this. Therefore, the usual “woof” you will never hear. But that doesn’t mean the dog will always be silent. Basenjis make a lot of sounds, including whining and howling. The latter can be quite loud.
  • Short hairline reduces dog grooming to a minimum. The absence of an undercoat guarantees cleanliness in your home, as representatives of this breed practically do not shed.
  • Many consider this dog to be hypoallergenic. It cannot be said with certainty that it will not cause any reaction in a person who is prone to allergies. But these dogs leave behind much less hair than other breeds.
  • In addition to the fact that basenjis do not shed, they also do not smell. They do not have the characteristic dog odor that often comes from many dogs.
  • Small size allows you to keep the animal in a small city apartment.
  • Basenji Disadvantages:

  • They have a pronounced hunting instinct. The bush dog, as the Basenji is also called, without hesitation begins to pursue the animal he sees. At this moment, the pet will not hear your commands, even if it has completed a training course. Therefore, representatives of these breeds are dangerous to let off the leash and lose sight of, as the dog can run away and disappear.
  • These dogs don’t like water. If you dream of a pet with which you can swim in the sea or pool, then “basya” is not suitable for these purposes. In the memory of these dogs, there is a strong relationship between water and danger, as many crocodiles live in African waters.
  • They do not tolerate cold well, so for winter walks you will have to purchase warm overalls or a vest. Outdoor living is not suitable for these dogs.
  • Character traits make Basenji not the easiest dog to train. These are self-confident and freedom-loving creatures. Because such a dog is not suitable for a novice owner.
  • Since the breed is quite rare and unusual in our open spaces, the cost of puppies of these dogs is high.
  • Description of the basenji

    The International Kennel Club has registered the breed at number 43. According to the classification, the basenjis belong to the fifth group, in which there are spitz and primitive species. These are harmoniously built animals with a lean body with well-developed muscles and correct proportions.

    The skull of the dog is flattened, narrow. Its length slightly exceeds the length of the muzzle. The head is clearly defined, the cheekbones stand out and gradually taper towards the tip of the nose. Stop well visible. There are characteristic skin folds on the forehead. They are more pronounced when the dog is alert or excited. The nose is not large, according to the standard it should be black.


    The eyes sit obliquely on the skull and are almond-shaped. The iris is painted in a dark shade. Look meaningful, interested.


    The ears are small, gradually tapering towards the tip, which is pointed. They sit high on the skull, have a slight forward tilt. The ends of the ears are closer to the center of the muzzle than to the base.


    The neck is of sufficient length, well muscled, but does not look massive. stands high. Tapers a little towards the head. The scruff is clearly visible and emphasizes the characteristic curve of the neck.


    The body is built harmoniously and proportionately. The back is short and straight. The chest is oval, deep, the ribs are convex and pronounced. The belly line does not sag. The loin is short.


    The tail is set high, twisted into one or more rings that lie on the lower back. The gluteal muscles protrude strongly beyond the line of the base of the tail, therefore they seem overdeveloped.


    The forelimbs are distinguished by elegance and sophistication. Pasterns are completely straight and reasonably flexible. The shoulder blades are well muscled but do not look too massive. Elbows are pointing back.

    The hindquarters are well muscled, with powerful and long lower legs. The hocks are carried low, standing parallel to each other.

    The paws are oval in shape, the fingers are collected in a tight lump. Pads are fleshy, nails are short.

    Gait and movement

    Basenji’s gait is graceful and confident. When walking, the dog brings the limbs forward in a straight line. Therefore, the movements are rhythmic, and the steps are long.

    wool cover

    The coat is short, close to the body. It is soft and pleasant to the touch. Hair thin and shiny. Undercoat, as such, is absent.


    According to the breed standard, the basenji color can be:

  • black and white;
  • white-red;
  • black and white with beige tan;
  • white-brown;
  • black.
  • Not so long ago, in 2000, the tiger color was officially recognized. Preference is given to those dogs in which black stripes are more pronounced. On the chest, paws and the tip of the tail of the animal should be present white marks.

    Size and weight

    Basenji small dogs. Maps reach 43 centimeters at the withers, and weigh about 11 kilograms. Bitches below and smaller. Their height is 40 centimeters, and weight rarely exceeds 10 kilograms.

    The character of the basenji

    These dogs belong to hunting, therefore, in their character, the features inherent in representatives of the breed are manifested. This is energy, temperament, activity, high level of intelligence.

    In these dogs, such a quality as fidelity is very developed in these dogs. It is noteworthy that to win the trust of the basenji is extremely difficult. If this happened, then you just can’t find a more reliable comrade and companion. He, as they say, will follow you into fire and water. Such attachment to the owner can turn into a tragedy for the dog if he decides to leave it. “Basya” simply will not survive the change of owner. The dog is always suspicious of strangers, wary. Although open aggression never shows.

    This breed belongs to the primitive. But this does not detract from her mental abilities or external features. It’s just that a person did not make any adjustments to its formation. If most of the breeds appeared through many years of selection, then the Basenji is an authentic and original dog. All her qualities are bestowed by nature. These dogs are independent, savvy, cunning and self-confident. All these character traits helped them survive hundreds of years ago.

    Connoisseurs of the breed say that each dog is an individual, and he has an almost unique set of qualities. Therefore, in education it is necessary to look for a special approach to each dog. Basenji can not be trained “under the blueprint”. First, the owner will have to get acquainted with his pet, study it well, and then look for an approach to him. Of course, this significantly complicates training. But such a uniqueness is a feature of the breed. The high level of animal intelligence also manifests itself in it. It is he who allows you to establish an inextricable connection between the pet and its master, which is impossible to break. But the owner of the dog must understand that it is impossible to abuse such dedication of the dog. You need to treat him with respect and love. Then the dog will pay the owner with the same coin.

    Relations with other animals in representatives of this breed develop in different ways. With dogs “Basya” will get along without any problems. He can also live peacefully under one roof with cats, but provided that the tail appeared in the house later than the dog. But you do not have to count on friendship with birds and rodents. For the basenji, it’s just another prey. Do not doubt that when you lose your vigilance even for a minute, a parrot or a hamster will become dinner for the “basi”.

    Despite their small size, these dogs can make good defenders. The same devotion to the owner helps them in this. Therefore, the basenji will not give offense to his person. But the dog is not suitable for the role of a nanny. The dog will take part in the active games of children, but he will not have enough patience to endure their pranks. Therefore, “Basya” is more suitable for families without children or those parents whose children have already grown up.

    Every future basenji owner needs to remember one not the most attractive character trait of these dogs. The fact is that they have a habit of picking up food from the ground. Dog breeders call it “jackal”. Representatives of this breed have it in the blood, so it will be quite difficult to wean from such a habit. But the effort is worth making, as uncontrolled eating from the ground can be dangerous to the health of the dog. If the animal is still trying to grab something “tasty” during a walk, then it is better not to let it off the leash and keep it under close attention.

    The Basenji is often referred to as the African Barkless Dog. Indeed, these dogs do not know how to bark, like representatives of other breeds. They convey all their emotions with the help of other sounds. For many people, they may seem unusual and funny. This is a kind of rumbling and whining. If you live in an apartment building, then this feature can be perceived as an advantage. But we should not forget that basenjis can howl and do it quite loudly when they are left at home all alone. Your neighbors won’t thank you for this.

    Despite all these features, basenjis remain dogs. And all dogs are ready to be faithful and devoted companions of their owners, if they give them love and care in return.

    Education and training

    Most experts say that basenjis are difficult to train. And partly it’s true. Representatives of this breed are really not eager to follow the commands of the owner, they are not very interested in training, it is difficult for them to concentrate on training. This behavior is due to the fact that basenjis belong to the primitive species of breeds that nature itself bred, without human help. But this does not mean that the intelligence of the dogs suffered. The dog can make decisions on its own without the prompting of the owner, it’s true. But a consistent and stubborn owner will definitely be able to raise a pet and teach him any tricks and commands. It just might take more time and effort. It is important to take into account the characteristics of the breed and find the “key” to your pet.

    Basenjis are independent dogs that always keep apart, on their own. Therefore, in training, you need to focus on calling. Your pet should hear the command “Come to me” from the first time!» and fulfill it. To bring this action to automatism, you have to sweat. After all, “basya” is sure that it is better for him to know where to be at one time or another. He sincerely does not understand why he should deny himself chasing a cat or eating carrion. Therefore, many representatives of this breed walk exclusively on a leash. Owners are trying to keep their pet safe. After all, if he starts chasing prey, a person will not be able to physically catch up with the dog.

    Another way that you can attach a pet to yourself is to interest in your company. The dog must realize that next to the owner he will have a lot of fun. Therefore, arrange outdoor games more often, come up with “quests” for your pet, take a ball, a rubber bone or a frisbee with you for a walk. Reward your dog with treats, encourage with gentle words.

    It is important to learn how to limit the freedom of your pet in such a way that he is not subjected to violence. Having let go of the leash, wait until the dog goes a long distance, then stop. The dog should also stop so that the tension of the roulette weakens. And when you let him come up, Basya will move in your direction. So you can “kill two birds with one stone” at once practice calling the pet and limit his freedom without causing him discomfort and pain. In addition, the dog will understand who is the leading in your pair. And it is very important for Busenji to feel Alpha in your owner.

    Salking the dog quickly allows her to understand any rules. Limiting the actions and rewarding the correct actions of treats, you take control of the behavior of the dog.

    Although the Basi education should be guided by an individual approach, there are some recommendations that should be taken into account in the process of training:

  • Be a fair master. If the animal correctly performed a trick or command, it should be thanked for it.
  • Exercise regularly. It should become a habit. At the same time, it is better to practice skills in different conditions and places both at home and on the street.
  • Show endurance and patience. Forget screaming and violence. This only injures the psyche of the dog, you will never achieve obedience by beating. Maximum you will see fear and hatred in the eyes of the pet, as well as destroy trusting relationships with the animal.
  • Combine individual and group lessons.
  • As soon as the puppy appears in your house, start training him to refuse junk food from the ground. When the baby eats food, climb into his mouth and take him. If the dog starts to growl, then firmly stop this behavior. The dog, when it grows up, will get used to such actions and will not perceive them with hostility. And there will be much less problems with “jackals”.

    Show your dog who’s in charge. Therefore, never give way to the dog, do not move away if he blocks your path. Give the animal enough attention. If “basya” gets bored, then your housing will be at risk. Pet can arrange a real mayhem. But, in fact, it will be you who will be to blame for it, since the basenji do it not out of harm, but from a lack of attention.

    Basenji content

    A representative of this breed can be kept in an apartment, while the dog will not experience any inconvenience. Suitable for her and a country house. But only on condition that the dog will live in the house itself, and on the site only walk in his free time.

    Basenji care is not difficult. You won’t have to brush your pet for hours. A big plus is that the characteristic smell of a dog does not come from his coat, as from many other breeds. Puppies need more attention. Their coat is brushed several times a month to remove dead hairs.

    African dogs are very important exercise. So get ready to walk often and actively. It will not be possible to walk slowly along the alleys of the park with her. It’s good if you find a fenced area where you can let the dog off the leash so that he runs around and enjoys freedom.

    Ear checks are required. They must be cleaned as they become dirty with a cotton swab. Keep an eye on your claws too. If they are too long, they will cause a lot of inconvenience to the dog and can even lead to injury. Therefore, the claws are shortened with a nail cutter, and the sharp edge is treated with a nail file.

    A very unusual feature of the Basenji lies in their ability to wash themselves like a cat. That is why the muzzles of these animals are always clean. If the dog is dirty, then the first thing she will do is hygiene. But you can’t drag “basya” into the bathroom. Representatives of this breed have had a fear of water since ancient times. The fact is that African reservoirs were always teeming with alligators, so the dogs tried to bypass them. This is firmly planted in the head of dogs, so modern basenjis have not learned to enjoy bathing.

    Representatives of this breed have a unique talent to climb to great heights with lightning speed. Therefore, it is better to immediately wean your pet from climbing onto the sofa and table, begging for food. The dog should always eat in the same place.


    In order for your pet to be healthy and feel good, it is important to properly organize his diet. The best choice for a basenji is a quality industrial feed. You can stay on the dry version or buy canned food, as well as combine both types. The industrial diet contains all the nutrients, minerals and vitamins necessary for the animal. Manufacturers took care to balance it as accurately as possible. Besides, it’s very convenient. After all, such food is always at hand, it is easy to store, it does not require preparation.

    Give preference to premium and super-premium food. They contain a large amount of natural meat, as well as healthy fats, cereals and vegetables. If you chose dry food, then provide the animal with round-the-clock access to clean water.

    Do not feed the dog from the common table. This is wrong from the point of view of education, as the animal will get used to begging for food and will bother you and your guests. In addition, such food is not only not healthy for the dog, but can also be harmful to its health. Sweets, smoked meats, fried and fatty all this is strictly prohibited. It is important not to overfeed your dog. Basenjis are hunters by nature, so they need to constantly experience a slight feeling of hunger.

    basenji health

    Representatives of this breed are distinguished by good health. But there are diseases that basenjis are more prone to. These include:

  • Fanconi syndrome. In this disease, the kidneys suffer, their filtering function is disturbed. All essential vitamins and amino acids leave the body in the urine, leading to thinness and dehydration. The pathology is inherited. If you do not engage in treatment, then death cannot be avoided. The disease usually manifests itself between the ages of five and seven.
  • Hypothyroidism. Violation of the thyroid gland leads to weight gain, a decrease in body temperature, deterioration in the structure of the coat, swelling of the limbs.
  • retinal atrophy. Another genetic disease that leads to complete blindness of the animal.
  • The future basenji owner should remember that these dogs are more prone to picking up garbage and other unwanted food from the ground. Therefore, there is always a risk of poisoning. In order to have time to provide first aid to an animal, it is important to always have antidotes on hand.

    It is necessary to follow the schedule of vaccinations that can protect the dog from many deadly diseases. Once a quarter, basenjis are dewormed, and in the warm season they are treated for fleas and ticks.

    History reference

    Historians believe that the Basenji appeared at least six thousand years ago. Archaeologists have discovered a variety of things depicting dogs that are very similar to modern African dogs. Jewelry and household items were found in various burials, including in the tomb of Tutankhamun. The mummies of these dogs were placed next to the Egyptian ruler to guard him in the afterlife.

    Basenji is believed to be native to Central Africa. The tribes that lived in this area used dogs to hunt animals. Why these dogs cannot bark is not known for certain. It is difficult to determine whether such behavior was a cause or a consequence of hunting “service”.

    From Central Africa, the Basenji came to Egypt, where they immediately gained immense popularity. They were credited with magical properties, believing that dogs are able to drive away evil spirits.

    In 1937, representatives of the breed were first shown at an English exhibition. In the same year they were brought to the United States. After the Second World War, this breed began to gain popularity. This was facilitated by cinema and literature, where basenjis were mentioned more and more often. These dogs began to appear in royal families around the world.

    “Africans” appeared on the territory of Russia in 1997. Very bright representatives of the breed were brought to our country, so their descendants adequately withstand competition even among representatives of foreign nurseries. But basenjis have not yet received wide distribution, so for many they have remained a curiosity.

    Who is this breed for?

    Basenji will become a reliable friend for a patient and persistent person. It’s not so easy to win the trust of this beautiful animal. Difficulties can also arise with education and training, as these dogs are not eager to learn and repeat the same commands.

    The size of the dog allows you to keep it in a city apartment. But you must be prepared for frequent walks with your pet. Therefore, this breed is suitable for active people. But it is better for the inattentive to abandon the “basi”. On the street, you need to keep a close eye on her. Representatives of this breed are more prone to shoots, as well as the selection of food from the ground.

    Basenji is suitable for a family with children if they have already reached school age. They can get along with other dogs as well as cats. But rodents and birds will be just another prey for them.

    How to choose a puppy

    It is naive to believe that a Basenji puppy can be found using free ads on the Internet or bought from hands in the market. This is a fairly rare and expensive breed. Therefore, the risk of slipping a non-purebred animal on you is too great.

    It is better to find a trusted breeder or a specialized nursery. You can give puppies to new owners after they turn 45 days from the date of birth. But the first acquaintance with puppies is best arranged when they are eight weeks old.

    A healthy baby will be plump, with shiny coat and eyes, clean ears. Carefully inspect the animal, it should not have any traces of discharge or bald spots on the body.

    Look at the behavior of the puppy. An animal with a stable psyche does not show excessive aggression or cowardice. The dog sniffs the hands of a new person with interest, approaches him without fear and responds to the proposed game.

    Pay attention to the conditions in which the puppies and their mother are kept. The bitch must receive quality nutrition. Remember that parents pass on to the litter not only their external qualities, but also character traits.

    In the nursery, you must provide all the necessary documents for the puppy this is his card and veterinary passport. Feel free to ask the breeder all the questions that come to mind. You should not be rushed to make a choice, make it consciously.

    basenji price

    Since this breed has not yet become widespread in our country, the price of Basenji puppies is kept at a high level. There are not so many specialized nurseries, but they do exist. Only in them you are guaranteed the pure blood of an animal and will give documentary evidence of this.

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