Beagle: all about the dog, photo and description of the breed, character

Characteristics

  • Country of Origin: UK
  • The size:
    Average
  • Growth:
    33–40 cm
  • The weight:
    10–15 kg
  • Age:
    13–16 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    Hounds and related breeds
  • Brief information

  • Smart, devoted;
  • hardy;
  • Attentive.
    1. Pros and cons of beagles
    2. Beagle Description
    3. Head
    4. Eyes
    5. Ears
    6. Neck
    7. Frame
    8. Tail
    9. limbs
    10. Gait
    11. wool cover
    12. Color
    13. Size and weight
    14. Beagle character
    15. Education and training
    16. Keeping and caring for beagles
    17. Food
    18. Health
    19. Origin of the breed
    20. beagle photo
    21. Who are beagles for?
    22. Famous owners
    23. How to choose a puppy
    24. Photos of beagle puppies
    25. How much do beagles cost

    Pros and cons of beagles

    The main advantages of the breed experts include:

  • no unpleasant odor;
  • short hair, not subject to molting;
  • friendliness (they make contact with both adults and children);
  • conflict-free (perfectly coexist with other pets);
  • cheerful disposition;
  • mobility and activity.
  • There are also disadvantages:

  • the need for proper training;
  • stubbornness and self-will;
  • intolerance to loneliness;
  • propensity to run away;
  • ringing and loud barking;
  • predisposition to overweight due to malnutrition.
  • Beagle Description

    The Beagle is a small dog, similar in appearance to the Foxhound, but smaller in size.

    Fully proportional to the body. Looks powerful, even rough, thanks to a slightly square shape. In females, she looks more elegant. The skin on the skull is smooth, without pronounced folds. The occipital protuberance in an adult is almost invisible. The forehead is convex and moderately voluminous.

    Jaw strong, well developed. Bite scissor. This correct position of the jaws allows for a firm grip. This is very important for hunting dogs. Mouth should have 42 teeth. Incisors set vertically. Fully dentition is formed by six months.

    The muzzle is not pointed. Stop clearly divides the skull into two parts from the nose to the back of the head. This becomes clearly visible when you look at the dog in profile.

    The nose is usually black. Wide. Nostrils open, large. A duller shade is acceptable in animals with a light color. The wings are moderate, the lips do not fit tightly to the jaw.

    Eyes

    They should be brown or light brown. Large in size, planted shallow. According to the standards, if you look at the animal from the front, then the eyes and nose should form a triangle with equal sides. Eyelids dry, with obvious pigmentation.

    Ears

    Usually soft, hanging (at the same time, according to the breed standard, they should reach the tip of the nose). Their coat is short but quite thick. Set on low and hanging down at the sides, close to the cheekbones.

    Neck

    This part of the dog’s body should be long enough to lower the muzzle to the ground and look for a trail. It features light suspension and good flexibility.

    Frame

    well balanced. The line of the spine is straight and even.

    The croup is moderately sloping. The body is muscular, smooth, of medium length, with a wide chest, tapering towards the stomach.

    The loin is large but short.

    The chest, according to the standard, should be lowered below the level of the elbows.

    The abdomen is tucked up, not sagging. Muscles are well defined.

    Maps have two welldeveloped testicles completely lowered into the scrotum.

    Tail

    Covered with dense wool, and very thick, forming a tassel at the end. Its length is relatively short compared to the body. According to the standard, the tail should be carried high, but not bent over the body. Experts say about such a tail: “The dog carries it“ fun ”. It is this feature that is considered the trademark of the breed.

    limbs

    The paws are powerful, especially the hind legs. The fingers are small, crowded, with dense black pads. Claws are not long.

    The front legs are straight, parallel to the body. Shoulders oblique, muscular. Elbows always look back. The distance from the elbow to the ground should be half the length of the withers of the dog.

    The hind limbs are more powerful than the front, the thighs are very well developed. The angle of the knees is clearly defined.

    Paws are harmoniously combined with the body, the dog does not look disproportionate.

    Gait

    During walking, the back does not look a humpbacked or stoop. The step is very free and easy. Beagles never waddle. In the process of running, the animal is repelled by its hind legs, while the forelimbs are directed forward.

    wool cover

    In a healthy pet, it is shiny and thick. Moderate hardness. The undercoat is completely absent. Such a cover perfectly protects the animal from rain and snow, it is not saturated with moisture for a long time. This feature is characteristic of hunting dogs.

    Short coat allows you to move freely through the forest, without clinging to the branches of shrubs and trees.

    Color

    Any colors characteristic of hounds are allowed, except liver. Tricolor is acceptable. The most common option is black and white and red. It can be considered traditional for representatives of this breed.

    There may be dogs variegated, lemon-white, plain white. There are also colors that combine not three colors, but only two black and white, white and red.

    All types of colors, except for pure white, may have specks very small dark spots. At the same time, according to the standard, the tip of the tail of the animal must always remain white this is a sign that the animal belongs to a hunting breed. This feature is present in all dogs, regardless of the main color of the coat.

    Size and weight

    The height at the withers should be 33-40 cm. Weight ranges from 9 to 12 kg. Females are always smaller than males.

    These indicators directly depend on the age of the pet. At birth, puppies weigh quite a bit 250-400 grams. By two months, the difference between the weight of males and females becomes more noticeable.

    Beagles reach their final weight by about a year. It is during this period that the main parameters of the animal should approach the standard. For proper weight gain, puppies need to be fed on a regular basis according to their age.

    Deviations from the norm are considered defects. Only representatives of the breed that have a full set of characteristic features of the breed can participate in breeding.

    The severity of the defect is determined by specialists depending on how much this feature affects the development of the dog physical and psychological.

    Beagle character

    Beagles seem to be very friendly and sweet. But do not forget that initially these are hunting dogs that need a serious attitude from the owners. They are very stubborn, and training is indispensable. Without proper attention and a firm hand, the beagle gets out of control. This is fraught not only with disobedience on the street, but also with damage to everything that comes into view of the dog. The irrepressible energy of the beagle can result in destruction, the scale of which can not only surprise, but shock unprepared owners.

    But, if you spend enough time raising and training a dog (they are reluctant to train, so you need a fair amount of patience on the part of the owner), you will get a friendly and devoted pet. He will get along well not only with all family members, including small children, but also with other animals in the house.

    These dogs do not like to be alone. Aggression is not typical for representatives of this breed. If present, it is considered a defect.

    These dogs are very devoted to their owner and are always ready to protect him cowardice is not characteristic of them.

    Beagles are extremely active. In order to splash out their energy, the pet must go for a walk regularly. In the summer, experts advise you to take your dog to the forest.

    Beagle: all about the dog, photo and description of the breed, character

    Education and training

    It is worth remembering that this breed was originally bred to hunt rabbits and hares. That is why the animal needs quality training, otherwise it can become naughty and stubborn. Beagle education must be dealt with in a timely manner, otherwise it will get out of control. Only a professional can help with re-education.

    In the absence of proper attention, the pet will not only run away on the street, but also spoil things in the house gnaw on shoes, furniture, flooring, etc. d. To prevent this from happening, you need to walk the dog at least three times a day. Walks should be active, the dog should be released from the leash, play outdoor games with him.

    Since representatives of this breed are not very willing to be trained, the owner needs to be patient. Before you start a hunting dog in a city apartment, you should realistically assess your capabilities. Consider whether the animal will be able to receive proper attention and care.

    Beagles often simply ignore their master’s commands. This is because hunting dogs tend to make their own decisions.

    Representatives of this breed love to bark for a long time. Their voice is loud. You need to be prepared for this, it is not always possible to wean a dog from this.

    You need to find the right approach to the pet, and he will quickly begin to execute the necessary commands. Professional trainers manage to teach beagles the most difficult tricks.

    You need to pay attention to the animal constantly, breaks are unacceptable. The dog very quickly begins to feel freedom and becomes uncontrollable. Only with regular attention from the owner, a representative of this breed can become a good friend and companion.

    Beagles are not worth buying for those people who have never kept dogs. A teenage child is also unlikely to be able to cope with such a pet. Beagles are the type of dog that needs to be given enough time.

    The training process begins from the first days of the appearance of a puppy in the house and includes:

  • toilet training;
  • learning different commands.
  • The basic principle that should underlie training is the sequence. It is unacceptable to start learning a new command until the previous one has been fully mastered. The main task of the owner is to achieve obedience from the dog. Such a dog, once disobeying and accepting this as the norm, will ignore the owner’s commands in the future.

    You need to start training only when the beagle is ready to accept commands. During a walk, pets like to carefully study the territory, sniff and explore the ground. Given this behavior, learning new commands does not make sense. The owner must wait until the beagle is ready for training.

    Don’t train too long. Training should last only as long as you can keep the dog’s attention. According to experts, this process should not exceed 30 minutes. Recommended amount no more than twice a day. With a puppy, you should do 10-15 minutes.

    In the process of training, it is necessary to use both rewards and punishments. As a reward, a treat or a toy is usually used, and the best punishment for a beagle is a complete disregard on the part of the owner. It is necessary to scold the dog confidently and loudly. Punishment should follow immediately after the offense.

    The dog needs to be weaned from the following things:

  • sleep with the owner;
  • damage furniture and other things;
  • bite and bark;
  • jump on people;
  • eat out of your bowl.
  • Keeping and caring for beagles

    Beagles are very clean and do not need special care. Short hair should be brushed no more than once a week. During the shedding period, combing with a soft brush can be done every day. Frequent bathing is also useless. The only thing worth paying attention to is the claws on the paws. They should be trimmed regularly. It is recommended to carry out this procedure once every two weeks. An active beagle living in a city apartment grinds its claws on the asphalt on walks. But this will not happen if the surrounding area is covered with predominantly soft ground.

    Washing the dog is as follows:

  • pour warm water into the bath;
  • immerse the dog in it and wet the entire coat evenly;
  • add a small amount of water to a special shampoo;
  • distribute this mixture evenly over the dog’s body;
  • rinse well with warm water.
  • If necessary, the procedure can be repeated. At the end of bathing, the hair is carefully wiped with a terry towel. Do not dry it with a hair dryer. To combat the smell of a dog, it is recommended to buy special types of detergents.

    Ears also require special care. They need to be inspected daily (after each exit to the street) and cleaned with a swab dipped in an antiseptic. Excess fluid must be removed to avoid inflammation. According to the same principle, it is advised to remove secretions from the corners of the eyes daily, only instead of an antiseptic, you can use strong tea or chamomile decoction.

    To care for your teeth, purchase a medium-hard brush, dog toothpaste, or tooth powder. You should brush your teeth several times a week, and ideally every day.

    This breed of dog needs space. Ideal for them would be keeping in a country house with a large fenced area where you can frolic. But even in the apartment, he will feel comfortable if there is an opportunity to walk and run enough on the street.

    Dogs of this breed will have to walk a lot. They need to throw out their energy somewhere, so frequent and long walks are not only desirable, but mandatory. Beagles love to run and are happy to explore the world around them, succumbing to their hunting instincts. For this reason, the owners should not let their pet out of sight, as it can get carried away by some trace and get lost. Once in nature, he often forgets all the learned commands, begins to chase cats, birds, collects all kinds of items.

    The more time a beagle spends outside, the better it feels. His hunting qualities must be realized at least partially. You need to walk with him at least 2-3 times a day. It is advised to periodically arrange trips to nature for the pet so that he can throw out all the accumulated energy. If it is not possible to take a dog on a real hunt, you can stage it yourself with artificial prey.

    Food

    Beagles are unpretentious in the choice of food, but despite this, the owner must clearly control the pet’s diet.

    Experts advise choosing one type of food for a dog either specialized food or natural food. Mixing both types of food is not recommended.

    Dry food is the best option, since their composition is completely balanced. In this case, there is no need to additionally purchase vitamin and mineral supplements. This type of nutrition will fully cover the needs of the animal’s body in nutrients. In addition, the cost of dry food is much lower than natural products.

    You can buy such food with a large supply. It doesn’t spoil as fast as regular food. Can be stored outside the refrigerator. In addition, such food is easier to take with you on the road it is ideal for owners who are fond of frequent trips and travels. This way of eating will help not only save money, but also the time of the owner there is no need to stand at the stove for hours and prepare personal food for the pet.

    The diet should be very carefully planned. It is not recommended to overfeed dogs of this breed they gain weight rapidly.

    The daily diet of dry dog ​​food should be divided into several parts. In addition, there should always be clean water in the bowl in case the pet becomes thirsty. Dry food is recommended to be soaked in broth or boiled water before taking. This will aid in easy digestion.

    Experts advise teaching a beagle to eat at the same time this will allow the digestive system to work better. Don’t give your dog more than the recommended amount. Most often, the dog asks for supplements not because he is hungry, but because he wants to draw attention to himself. After 15-20 minutes after the start of the meal, the bowl can be removed the dog has received its norm.

    If the animal regularly overeats, then its weight will begin to increase rapidly. A well-fed beagle completely loses its natural qualities it becomes clumsy and overweight.

    Under no circumstances should you feed your dog according to the schedule. One piece received by the pet outside the main meal will be regarded by him as the norm. It will be difficult to wean a dog from this habit.

    Do not choose dry food with a low price tag. Such food contains not high-quality meat, but meat waste. Sooner or later, this will lead to bad consequences the dog will have health problems. Pet food is better to buy in a specialized store. Feed should be premium or super premium. When buying it is necessary to take into account the age and lifestyle of the dog.

    Highquality dry feeds are in their composition:

  • a large percentage of natural meat and vegetables;
  • vitamins and minerals;
  • Natural spices.
  • Such products should not contain dyes, preservatives, taste amplifiers, starch.

    Particular attention is paid to the nutrition of a pregnant female. The calorie content of her diet should be sufficient so that she can endure healthy puppies. For pregnant and lactating dogs, you can purchase a special type of dry feed.

    Health

    Bigl breed dogs often suffer from:

  • Allergies. Immunity is designed to protect the body from infections, but an allergic reaction will negatively affect it. Such reactions are difficult to tolerate animals. Allergen can be a huge amount of, at first glance, harmless substances, up to molecules or proteins of animal and plant origin. The causes of allergies are pollen, mold spores, microscopic mites, flea saliva. Sometimes they are the components that make up drugs.
  • Ear problems. They are physiological. Beagles have hanging, closed ears that are poorly ventilated and bacteria and dirt accumulate in them. Also, water can get into the ears and parasites crawl in. All these factors contribute to the development of otitis media, which in turn leads to the destruction of the meninges. Therefore, it is important to regularly examine your pet’s ears and maintain their hygiene.
  • Hip dysplasia is a hereditary disease. In this diagnosis, the hip bone is loosely attached to the hip joint. Sometimes dysplasia does not bother the dog at all, in other cases it causes pain and lameness.
  • cherry eye syndrome. This is the name of a reddish formation on the eyeball that occurs in the inner corner of the eye.
  • Glaucoma. Another eye disease characterized by increased eye pressure. Glaucoma causes pain, in the worst case, loss of vision.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy. With this pathology, dogs stop seeing in the dark, eventually lose their sight in the daytime.
  • Epilepsy. Often inherited. Seizures are accompanied by unusual behavior (eg, uncontrolled running), seizures.
  • infectious diseases. These include: distemper, enteritis, ringworm, leptospirosis. They are transmitted through contact with other animals.
  • Beagle owners should carefully monitor the condition of their pet. If something unhealthy is noticed in his behavior, it is better not to postpone a visit to the doctor.

    Origin of the breed

    Where did beagles come from, there is no unambiguous opinion. According to the ancient Greek historian Xenophon, even in ancient Greece there were hounds working on the trail. Beagles’ ancestors came to the British Isles thanks to the Romans. And already in foggy Albion, these “ancient” hounds crossed with local dogs. True, there are versions about hounds that existed in England before the arrival of the Romans, since the time of King Arthur. For example, Pwill, Prince of Wales, had a special breed of white hounds.

    As a result, by the middle of the 18th century, two separate breeds were formed the southern hound and the northern beagle. Moreover, until the 70s of the 19th century, beagles were called dogs that were completely different from today. Those Beagles looked more like straight-legged Bassets, with a head like a dachshund, black, red and white. These dogs had excellent hunting skills, only they were not very pretty in appearance. But their owners were not at all embarrassed.

    It is believed that the ancestors of all modern Beagles are a pack collected by Parson Honeywood already in the middle of the 19th century. It was demonstrated to the general public in Essex. To date, in every known kennel there are descendants of breeds from that particular pack. It was then that the dog acquired a modern, familiar look to us.

    Who are beagles for?

    This breed is great for hunters, as well as people who support outdoor activities.

    Beagles are agile and friendly dogs. They need constant human contact. For people who are often absent, they will not fit. Staying at home alone, animals begin to misbehave gnaw on furniture and shoes.

    In the modern world, this dog is used not only as a companion during hunting, but also as a search engine, they can keep track for a long time.

    Famous owners

    Beagles were very fond of aristocrats and crowned persons. Elizabeth I and William III chose representatives of this breed for hunting, and George IV is even depicted on many canvases along with his lop-eared pets.

    US President Lyndon Johnson is known to have had two beagles. Very famous is the photographic image, where a politician holds one of his favorites by the ears in a suspended state. After the publication of this picture, a terrible scandal erupted the president was accused of dislike for animals.

    How to choose a puppy

    When choosing a puppy, it is necessary to clearly define what it is purchased for hunting, exhibitions, or simply as a house dog.

    The gender of the puppy is also important. You should only buy bitches if you can raise puppies. Experts advise taking a small beagle from its mother at 1.5-2 months.

    All representatives of this breed are usually divided into three classes:

  • pet;
  • brid;
  • show.
  • For owners who plan to regularly attend exhibitions and competitions, it is necessary to purchase a show class puppy. But you should understand that such a beagle is several times more expensive than the rest. To purchase such puppies, you should contact only an elite nursery.

    A dog bred for real hunting is not suitable for exhibitions. This fact should be taken into account. Real hunters are very active and are not able to sit still for minutes.

    As a pet, you can buy any puppy. The most important thing is that he is physically and mentally healthy and not aggressive.

    After examining the dog, you need to make sure that he does not have any diseases. Puppies always look pretty plump.

    The behavior of monthly dogs can also tell a lot. Already at this age, characteristic qualities are visible someone is active and plays with other puppies, and someone hides behind their mother.

    Mentally healthy beagles immediately react to a new guest they run up to him and start sniffing.

    The puppy’s coat should be even and smooth, without bald spots. Eyes must be clean, without discharge. Nose cold and wet.

    Teeth also need to be checked. They should be clean and even, and the bite should be correct.

    The puppy’s belly is always soft, and the existing seals may indicate the presence of an umbilical hernia.

    How much do beagles cost

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