Bear Gubach from the Red Book photos and descriptions, interesting facts, a report, what eats and where he lives

The gobach bear originates in the Bear family, but its appearance differs from the usual bear. And the behavior of the gubach is fundamentally compared to relatives. Low thick torso, small short paws, elongated muzzle all this makes the gubach a distinctive look among bears. The bear received a separate species Melursus with his own characteristics. And as the owner of long nails received a second name-Bear Lenist.

Gubach can be found in the forests of Sri Lanka and Hindustan, in the areas of India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Gubachi is carried out in specially dug gorges and hilly areas, as a rule, between rocks or under large shrubs.

Males sleep most of the day, and they go out for production with sunset. However, females-gubachi are awake in the daytime, due to a high probability of attacking their offspring large predators.

Athletic abilities of a gubach bear

Despite their absurd appearance, beads are distinguished by outstanding abilities. The view of the gubachi is able to overcome even the largest predators, such as a tiger or cheetah. The thing is that this species has the ability to run faster than a professional runner. Bear-gubachi themselves are not territorial animals, so the struggle for the chosen locality takes place without serious conflicts. They mark their space with a smell, but often rub their bodies on the bark of trees to leave their chemical sign. The species of study gives that gubachi practically do not attack other animals.

What are the beads eat

Gubach bear distinguishes his food habits from the predator. The most beloved delicacy for them is sugarcane and honey. Gubach’s muzzle and his claws allow him to eat like an antaea, and not like a predatory beast. The usual diet of the type of Melursus is termites and ants, and they also do not disdain to eat carrion. Anatomical features help them to climb trees behind fruits and inflorescences. Hunting in the dark in search of food, the lips developed a thin sense of smell, since the vision and hearing of this species is well developed. And large sharp claws help to destroy any nests, taking out insects from there. It is not easy for owners of sites with sugarcane and corn, since gubachi is often pests of human villages.

The longest muzzle with mobile lips

Gubachi bears received this name thanks to their elongated muzzle with bare moving lips. Gubach is able to stretch its lips beyond the jaw, imitating a trunk that allows it to draw with a vacuum cleaner of insects from the colony of termites and ants. The process of absorption of food is quite noisy, it can be heard in more than 150 meters. An additional feature of gubachi is the presence of 40 teeth without the upper fangs inherent in carnivorous predators.

The propagation period of bean bears

In the marriage period, males are able to fight for the attention of females. And the formed couples are formed until the end of life, which distinguishes this species from its similar. Mating at the lums in the lips usually occurs in June, and after 7 months the female gives birth to 1-3 cubs. Small gubachi spend time with their mother until they become adults, usually this happens in the 4th month of life. The female gobach protects her offspring from a possible danger, spending the first months of life in a specially dug refuge. Males spend the first time with the female, taking care of their offspring.

Human intervention in the life of the Gubachi

Inhabited in the areas of India, Gubachi became a victim among trainers. Animals taught to perform various tricks and showed performances for tourists and local residents for a fee. And since this type of bear is a paddock for agricultural lands, local residents resort to their extermination. Currently, the Melursus type is in the stage of “being under threat” of animals and is listed in the International Red Book. The operation and trade of the type is strictly prohibited. However, cutting down the forests and destroying the nests of insects, people destroy the habitat of the gubachi, representing an even greater danger to the development and existence of this species.

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