Beijing: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo, characteristics

Characteristics

  • Country of origin: China
  • The size:
    miniature
  • Growth:
    20–24 cm at the withers
  • The weight:
    from 3 to 5 kg
  • Age:
    up to 17 years
  • MKF breed group:
    Companion dogs
  • Brief information

  • clever;
  • demanding;
  • jealous;
  • calm;
  • stubborn;
  • arrogant.
  • Description of the Beijes breed

    Beijing is a beautiful dog of small size. There are two types of breeds: classic and sleeve. The latter has a smaller size. Their weight depends on which country and in which nursery the puppy appeared. In America and Canada, dogs that weigh more than three kilograms are considered defective. Classical Beijes reach five and even five and a half kilograms. It is interesting that the bitch of sleeve Beijes is not used for breeding. They cannot make offspring due to the characteristics of the structure of the body. Therefore, dogs that weigh less than three kilograms are obtained from bitches of a standard size.

    Head. Skull of impressive size in relation to the body. Flattened between the ears, the stop is pronounced.

    Muzzle. Wide and short. Around it there is a fold of skin that resembles the shape of the Latin letter “V”. It is located above the bridge of the nose and goes to the cheeks.

    Ears. High waisted and heart shaped. Hanging along the head, the tip of the ear reaches the lower jaw. The fur on the ears is soft and long.

    Nose. It has a rich black color of the lobe, the nostrils are well open and pronounced. The nose is wide and flattened.

    mouth. The jaw is the same size as the distance between the eyes. The lower jaw is slightly wider and protrudes forward.

    Teeth. Small, flat. Virtually invisible behind the lips. Most dogs have a small bite.

    Lips. Fully cover teeth, straight. The top is close to the bottom.

    Eyes. Have a round shape, may be slightly protruding. From this, the expression of the muzzle takes on a surprised look. The iris is dark. Bright eyes are marriage.

    Neck. Short but massive. These characteristics are clearly visible if you look at the dog on the side.

    Frame

    Frame. The body narrows to the hind limbs, resembles a pear in shape. The back of the case is much lighter than the front. The body is dense, wellwrapped. The back is short, the top line straight.

    Breast. Stands forward and sags between the front paws. The elbows of these limbs are tightly pressed to the chest.

    Tail. Planted high, slightly curved by the end. Due to this, the tail can hang to one of the hips.

    Limbs

    Front. Short, with strong bones to withstand the heavy front of the body. The shoulders look back. The front limbs have the right “curvature”. It is she who gives the dog a characteristic gait and manner of movements.

    Rear. Stand close to each other, have lighter bones. Cocking joints are well developed. Paws are thick and flat. There is a lot of space between them.

    Wool

    The coat of the Pekingese is the real pride of this breed. It should be long and smooth. Abundant amount of hair is present in the neck and shoulders. Therefore, the dog has a peculiar mane. On other parts of the body, the hair is shorter, it should not hide the lines of the body or interfere with the movements of the animal. Feathers are present on the tail and thighs, as well as on the ears.

    The undercoat is long and densely padded. The top coat is coarse and hard.

    colors

    Pekingese are one of those rare dog breeds where almost all types of colors are allowed. Only albinos or liver-colored animals are considered breeding.

    Albinos are distinguished by a red iris, pink rim around the lips and eyes. The nose can be the same shade or have a brown color. The absence of melanin affects not only the appearance, but also the health of the dog. Such Pekingese are prone to skin cancer, deafness and blindness. Most often they have one or more genetic diseases, mental disabilities. If we talk about the nature of albinos, then he can be overly aggressive or cowardly.

    Dogs with a liver shade of coat, also called chocolate, have the same color of the nose, lips and eyelids. Their iris is yellow. These dogs also have a weak immune system, their life expectancy is much shorter.

    There are more and more shades of wool in the Pekingese breed every year. Sometimes there are puppies in the litter with an atypical color, for example, with brown and tan or blue hair. You can find out what an adult representative of the breed will look like only when the puppy’s fluff changes to wool.

    The clubs that breed the breed have certain standards:

  • Shades and colors of wool are equivalent to each other. Marriage is considered only albinos or liver Pekingese. Shades are not reflected in the “color” section;
  • Dogs with white markings only on the chest and legs are not bicolored;
  • The two-tone color or party color is distinguished by pronounced spots that are evenly distributed throughout the dog’s body;
  • With a spotted color, the main color is white, it is he who is indicated first in the pedigree;
  • If there are small spots on the body in the abdomen or head, then they are not indicated in the documents;
  • There must be a black mask on the muzzle, there is a dark frame at the ends of the ears. Any color of the nose, except black, is a marriage.
  • Despite the fact that there are a lot of Pekingese colors, there are those that are more common than others:

  • Black. Small white markings allowed on legs, belly, forehead and collar. Possible brown or gray shade of wool. But the hairline of such dogs is not as chic as that of those that have a blue-black color;
  • Ginger. May have a gold, red or yellow tint. Murugy is considered the rarest. At the end of the hairs, these dogs have a black pigment, which makes the coat unusual and attractive;
  • Grey. More often with a fawn, red or silver tint. Pure gray is quite rare;
  • Pale yellow. Can be hazel, light or platinum. A dark mask must be present on the muzzle;
  • White. A cream shade is also allowed here, since the white color is a clarified red. Unlike albinos, these dogs have black lips, eyelids and nose. The eyes are a rich brown instead of red;
  • Party color. This is a two-tone color in which white is dominant. The location of the marks and their color do not play a role. Dogs with a white spot on the forehead are highly valued. It is called the “finger of the Buddha”. If the Pekingese has a white collar, paws and tail, this color is called the “Irish cloak”.
  • The nature of the Pekingese

    Pekingese are considered one of the oldest breeds. They were kept in the palace of the Chinese emperor and, for their resemblance to lions, were revered as guardian spirits of the imperial family. Apparently, the great past left its mark on the character of this dog. Pekingese are stubborn, capricious and demanding. They love attention, are jealous and react aggressively to strangers.

    Like all capricious dogs, Pekingese are prone to barking with or without reason. At the same time, it will be extremely difficult to wean a dog from this unpleasant habit. Pekingese barking is a way of communication. Moreover, during walks they can and will bark both people and animals.

    If you do not pay due attention to raising a pet, his capricious temper will turn into a problem for the family he will begin to establish his own rules, deliberately not obeying the owner and doing just what he is most often forbidden.

    In general, speaking of trainability, it is worth saying that the Pekingese is quite difficult to train. It’s all about their stubborn regal character they are reluctant to obey and in communication with a person behave more condescendingly than friendly. Therefore, the future owner should take this into account and be patient. True, if he manages to find an approach to the dog, she will show miracles of learning.

    Pekingese dogs for communication and pleasure. They do not perform any utilitarian functions. Although in fairness it should still be noted that the Pekingese are very brave and boldly attack those who encroach on their territory. At the same time, they choose non-trivial strategies: the small growth of the Pekingese does not allow him to fight on an equal footing with larger dogs, so he is always looking for the enemy’s pain points and tries to hit them, using his size as an advantage (for example, bites on the joints on his hind legs).

    Dogs of this breed do not tolerate formal attitude and familiarity. Games with children are carried away only at an early age. Older Pekingese are wary and even aggressive towards small children. But in families where there are schoolchildren or teenagers, the Pekingese will feel comfortable.

    Education and training

    To effectively train a Pekingese, it is necessary to rely on the features of his character. That is, it cannot be trained by the same methods as a shepherd or a poodle. Not because the Pekingese is stupid or stubborn. It’s just that such training will be completely ineffective for him. You just waste your time and create unnecessary stress for the dog.

    Pekingese are famous for their confidence and fearlessness, despite their modest size. They are infinitely devoted to their owners. Representatives of this breed tense up if they hear loud screams or sounds, and also can not stand the fuss. But they like to follow the traditions and rituals that are accepted in the family. All these subtleties of behavior should be taken into account in the process of education.

    It is a mistake to assume that the Pekingese do not need training, as they belong to the “sofa” breeds. It’s not enough to just train your dog on a leash and toilet. The dog needs to learn different commands. First, they come in handy to keep your pet safe. Secondly, they will help her to be more obedient and establish a trusting relationship with you. A dog that is not trained in commands will be able to walk exclusively on a leash. And the freedom-loving Pekingese will definitely not like it.

    Pekingese: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo, characteristics

    Only a well-trained dog can be controlled if he walks without a leash. Otherwise, a lot of troubles can happen to him, which will end in a disastrous outcome. An ill-mannered dog may get into a fight with a larger dog, get hit by a car, pick up poisoned food, or simply run away forever. Proper training of the Pekingese can protect him from such cases.

    Start training as early as possible. As soon as the puppy crossed the threshold of your house, you must clearly make it clear what is allowed and what is not. Show that the main one in relations with the dog is its master. In two or three months, the puppy will be able to learn basic skills and teams. In this will help him with an inquisitive “children’s” mind. The main thing is that the training at this age resembles the game, and all the achievements of the baby are generously encouraged.

    To begin with, learn his nickname with Beijing, teach to a diaper and basic rules in the house. You can start training with such simple teams as “sitting!”, “Ugh!”, “Place!””. Tleas a Beijes to calmly respond to hygiene procedures such as ears and teeth, scraping claws. If you are going to participate with a dog in exhibitions and competitions, then teach it to the rack and dental show.

    Immediately begin to introduce a dog with a slope or collar. The puppy will get used to them quite quickly, but problems may arise with a leash. Freedom-loving Pekinges can resist the fact that his movements limits something. Therefore, do not pull on the leash while walking or dragging the animal by force. Take treats outside and try petting your dog. This will give more consistent results in obedience. Then your pet will not only quickly get used to the leash, but will also be happy to see it. After all, this will mean that he will have an exciting walk with the owner, full of pleasure and fun.

    If you decide to take on the training of your Pekingese, then follow these rules:

  • Don’t start an activity spontaneously. Pekingese value consistency very much, so they will be happy if you start rituals. Set a routine and exercise your dog, for example, after resting at certain times of the day. This should be done before eating. Classes can take place both at home and on the street;
  • Training should not take long, as the puppy can get tired quickly. Do not “load” it with a large number of commands, otherwise the dog will get confused in their execution;
  • Beijes are very sensitive to changes in the mood of their master. Therefore, be sure to sincerely rejoice at the success of your pet and praise him. Your approval will be the best reward for a pet;
  • Be sure to reach your goal. If you do not show perseverance and allow the dog not to follow this or that command, then the Pekingese will use this in the future. He will understand that it is not necessary to obey you. Therefore, the next time it will be much more difficult to get the animal to execute this or that command;
  • No matter how stubborn your pet is, it should not be punished by shouting or using physical force. Such a hard correction is not suitable for Pekingese. It can only be influenced by kindness and perseverance;
  • Watch the dog. If he likes to do some tricks at will, then be sure to reinforce such an initiative with praise or goodies. So the dog will fix a positive attitude, and you will make the process of training interesting and fascinating for her. She will learn new commands with great enthusiasm.
  • Become an authority and role model for your dog. No matter how surprising it sounds, the Pekingese try to be like their masters in everything. And if the owner cannot take the main place in the family, then the dog will do it instead of him. Therefore, there can be no talk of any obedience after this.
  • Maintenance and care

    Caring for a Pekingese is not an easy task. Firstly, dogs of this breed have a very thick undercoat that needs to be combed out regularly. Secondly, attention should be paid to the hygiene of the eyes, nose and ears. Due to the special structure of the nasopharynx, dogs often sneeze and wheeze, and may suffer from increased nasal flow.

    Pekingese is not forbidden to cut. A neat haircut can be relevant in the hot season, as Pekingese are very sensitive to high temperatures. If you comb the dog carefully and daily, this will help reduce its mere. But if you have a negative attitude towards wool on your clothes and furniture, then it is better to choose another animal. During the shedding period, a small Pekingese will have a surprising amount of hair.

    Brushing your dog is not only for shedding less. Without proper care, mats will form in long hair. In advanced cases, the animal will have to cut off the entire “fur coat”, since it will be impossible to comb it.

    After a walk, be sure to inspect the pet’s coat for the presence of foreign bodies. Bathe your dog with shampoo no more than once a month. The skin of this breed is prone to allergies and irritations.

    It is preferable that the owner cut the claws of the Pekingese. The dog may simply not let a stranger in. Carry out this procedure as carefully as possible, because the Pekingese often do not like it. The hair between the fingers is also best trimmed carefully.

    The Pekingese is easy to keep in an apartment, so it will make an ideal companion even for someone who lives in a small area. Be prepared for the fact that you will need to wash your pet’s paws and groin area after each walk. Otherwise it will smell bad.

    Pay special attention to the eyes. Every day you need to wipe them with a swab or cotton pad dipped in a special lotion. But this is not the only “problem” part of the body. The characteristic skin fold, which is located above the nose, also needs care. It also needs to be washed every day.

    The dog’s ears should be checked regularly and cleaned with a dry or wet swab. At the slightest suspicion of inflammation or the appearance of an unpleasant odor, you should immediately consult a doctor.

    Pekingese pet dogs. They do not need large yard areas. They feel comfortable in a city apartment. Long walks and games are not for these sedate regal animals. They are usually active during childhood. When they grow up, they stop playing and behave very reservedly.

    Food

    Pekingese are small dogs. Therefore, they need a nutritious diet. But do not confuse this with a large amount of food. Feed must be given per kilogram of animal weight. But it should contain more calories than large breed food. The best option would be a specialized premium or super-premium diet, which is designed specifically for the Pekingese.

    Dogs of this breed are distinguished by good health and relative longevity. And it is a balanced diet that is a key factor in the life expectancy of dogs.

    For the Pekingese, both dry industrial food and wet canned food are suitable. Favor diets that have been approved by veterinarians.

    Food should be selected taking into account various factors. This is the sex and age of the dog, its activity and health status. Pregnant and lactating bitches should also choose a more nutritious diet.

    Good industrial feed is always balanced. And you do not have to additionally purchase vitamin complexes for your pet. Do not forget that the animal must have constant access to clean water.

    Dry food has a lot of advantages over feeding porridge and meat. It is always at hand, does not require cooking and is much easier and longer stored. It is convenient to take it on trips.

    Pekingese: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo, characteristics

    Keep in mind that Pekingese are prone to allergic reactions, so you need to select or change food with caution.

    Health

    Representatives of this breed are real centenarians. On average, they live up to 17 years, but with good care and nutrition, many overcome the threshold of the second decade. But that doesn’t mean dogs don’t have the diseases they’re prone to.

    Most congenital or hereditary diseases in Pekingese are associated with the eyes. Their skull structure is such that the eyeballs do not sit deep in it. Therefore, they are highly vulnerable and can be injured. Ophthalmic diseases of the Pekingese include:

  • cataract, displacement or clouding of the lens;
  • violation of eyelash growth;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • prolapse of the eyeball;
  • inversions and eversion of the lower eyelid.
  • Pekingese also have respiratory problems. Their nasal canal is shortened. Therefore, the air that the dog inhales does not have time to heat up in winter and cool in summer. Therefore, representatives of this breed are prone to bronchitis, laryngitis and heat stroke.

    Pekingese may develop dermatitis (areas in the folds of the skin are most susceptible to it), disrupt the thyroid gland, begin anemia, joint problems.

    History of the Pekingese breed

    Until now, historians cannot say exactly how and when this breed of dog appeared. Therefore, there are always a lot of legends, rumors and myths around the Pekingese. Some sources say that the Pekingese owe their origin to spaniels from Tibet.

    In the 17th century, representatives of the breed were officially recognized as sacred dogs in China. In the palace, each dog had a separate table, they accompanied their owners everywhere. Ordinary people were strictly forbidden to keep representatives of this breed. But the monks liked the Pekingese so much that they secretly carried them to the monasteries. In those days, these dogs were three sizes. The largest were called “lion dogs”. Medium dogs were called “sunny”, and the smallest “sleeve”.

    Pekingese didn’t get to Europe right away, since it was forbidden to take them out of China under pain of death. In the 19th century, the country was occupied by the British, French and Americans. Therefore, they took small dogs to their homeland when they left the territory of China. The first miniature Pekingese was presented as a gift to Queen Victoria. His name was Luti. From that moment on, Pekingese began to be bred in Britain and throughout Europe. And England became their second home.

    At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was divided into northern and southern. The latter were small compared to the former. In the 1980s, after dogs were allowed back in China, dogs returned to their homeland.

    Who is this breed for?

    Pekingese will be an excellent companion for both young people and people of age. But they don’t get along well with small children. But with schoolchildren or teenagers they will play calm games. Pekingese perceive small children as their competitors and will be jealous of their owner. They will desperately try to get his attention by any means necessary. Therefore, the dog can show impatience and aggression. These dogs are not used to children’s forced “hugs” and other manifestations of such tenderness and will not tolerate them.

    If you are not ready to pay enough attention to the Pekingese coat, then this breed will not suit you. The dog needs to be brushed regularly, otherwise the coat will get tangled and the dog will look unsightly. The Pekingese can be quite noisy because barking is a means of communication for him. If you are not ready to raise your pet, then get ready to regularly listen to loud and sonorous barking.

    Famous owners

    There is evidence that after the collapse of the famous Titanic, only two dogs survived. One of them was a Pekingese named Sun Yang Sen, owned by Henry Sleeper. The dog was taken along with other passengers to the boat.

    Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Alexei II lived with a Pekingese named Pusha. Notable owners of representatives of this breed were also:

  • Marilyn Monroe;
  • Elizabeth Taylor;
  • Joan Rivers.
  • How to choose a puppy?

    If you decide to start a puppy, then you need to approach this issue as responsibly as possible. You should not buy it from your hands in the market or from a dubious ad on the Internet. There is a big risk of being deceived.

    It is better to visit a specialized exhibition, collect contacts of experienced breeders. You will be able to see with your own eyes the parents of your future pet. The more responsible the approach to choice, the less disappointment you will have in the future.

    If you can not decide on the sex of the dog, then you should know that for the Pekingese it does not play a big role. Here the individual characteristics of each dog are more important. When purchasing a bitch, you must be prepared for the fact that twice a year she will be in heat. At this time, she will become the object of interest of all dogs of the opposite sex. Therefore, when walking on the street, you need to be extremely careful, especially if your pet is walking without a leash.

    A thoroughbred dog should have a puppy card, which is subsequently exchanged for a pedigree, as well as a veterinary passport.

    A healthy puppy shows activity and interest in a person, as well as what is happening around. He has clean and shiny eyes, fluffy and soft hair, correct gait, no discharge from the nose.

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