Belgian mastiff: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


  • Country of origin: Belgium
  • The size:
  • Growth:
    62–72 cm
  • The weight:
    35–60 kg
  • Age:
    10–13 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    not recognized
  • Brief information

  • Loyal to both the owner and his family;
  • Excellent performance;
  • Need a lot of regular exercise and proper education.
  • Origin story

    Mastiffs make an impressive impression. They are the oldest breed of dogs, fully justifying their name, which, according to one version, comes from the Latin “massivius” massive, large. The ancestors of modern mastiffs were fighting dogs used to hunt wild animals. Often large and strong dogs were used in military operations as a live weapon. The Belgian Mastiff is one of the representatives of the large mastiff family and fully fits the definition of “massive”. The breed has been mentioned since the seventeenth century, but there is no reliable information about its origin. Belgian mastiffs are similar to large French hounds, it is likely that there is French blood in the breed. There is also a version that Belgian mastiffs are descendants of Roman fighting dogs.

    These large and hardy dogs were used as draft dogs in Belgium (it is no coincidence that the second name of the breed is the Flemish draft dog). Belgian mastiffs were popular with farmers and merchants, there is also evidence that at the beginning of the 20th century these dogs carried mail. The Belgian rural postal service had at its disposal small wooden two-wheeled carts pulled by large dogs.

    Service was conducted in most provinces of the country. Different breeds of dogs were used, but Belgian mastiffs were preferred. Belgian mastiffs “served” in the post office until the early 1920s. Later, bicycles and cars replaced dogs in postage. This, as well as the demand of animal rights activists to ban the use of dogs as a draft force, has put the breed on the brink of extinction. Powerful and serious dogs, ready to protect the owner to the last drop of blood, simply did not find a place in the rapidly changing world.

    Belgian mastiff: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


    Males are usually taller and heavier than bitches. The head of the Belgian mastiff is powerful, wide, with a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle, with small jowls and hanging ears. Dogs are high-legged, with a strong and wide chest. The colors are different from fawn to brindle, a dark mask is allowed on the muzzle.


    The Belgian Mastiff is a serious, aggressive dog that needs a lot of exercise. Recognizes only his master and his family. Beginners should not start such an animal.


    Belgian mastiffs are very easy to care for. As necessary, it is necessary to inspect the eyes and ears, but the claws usually grind themselves with sufficient walking. Wool can be a bit of a hassle during the shedding season, but this is usually not a problem. For grooming, it is enough to periodically comb the dog with a thick, stiff brush.

    Conditions of detention

    The dog is good for a country house, where it will find application for its protective qualities; if a mastiff is taken to an apartment, you need to understand that you will have to devote at least 2-3 hours daily to walking and exercising with a dog. In addition, we should not forget that a small room for a massive dog is simply unsuitable.

    Belgian mastiff: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance

    To date, it is impossible to say unequivocally about the fate of the breed. The Belgian Kennel Club has listed the Belgian Mastiff as a “suspended breed”. According to the Royal Society of Saint Hubert, Belgian Mastiffs no longer exist as a separate breed. However, there is evidence that work is still being done to preserve these beautiful, powerful animals. So it will be quite difficult to buy a puppy, and the price will be negotiable and considerable.

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