Bichon Frise (Lap dog): dog photo and breed description

Bichon Frise are independent and independent. Unlike many decorative dogs, they do not need constant attention, especially if there are several pets in the house. These dogs will always find something to their liking. However, they cannot live without communicating with their beloved owner. Smart, calm, and quite playful, these pets always feel the mood in the family.

French lapdog

Characteristics Bichon Frise

  • Country of origin: France
  • The size: Small
  • Growth: 27–30 cm
  • The weight: 5–7 kg
  • Age: 16–19 years old
  • FCI breed group: Decorative and companion dogs

Brief information

  • Affectionate, obedient;
  • Unobtrusive and quite independent;
  • Intelligent but playful enough.

History of the breed Bichon Frise

This popular small dog breed of the Bichon Frise was first seen in the Middle Ages. Among its characteristic qualities is the ability to hunt rodents. And the first to use this ability were, according to one version, the sailors. When they set sail, they took such dogs on the ship to catch rats in the holds with food.

Sailors noticed these hunting properties in dogs while traveling to the Canary Islands. According to one of the most plausible versions, this breed was first discovered on the island of Tenerife.

In Europe, the French lapdog, or Bichon Frise, began to take root around the 15th century, when these pretty dogs were noticed by the nobility. It was fashionable to keep a French lapdog in almost every court of nobles.

But it was only in the last century that the Bichon was seriously noticed. And already in 1933, on March 5, the French Societe Society officially established and registered the Bichon Frise breed standard. But the breed was admitted to dog shows only in 1973. At the time of recognition of the breed in 1933, it had two names Bichon and Tenerife. But by the end of the year, the official version of the name of the French lapdog was established Bichon Frize, which means “curly lap dog”.

Description of the Bichon Frise breed

Bichon Frise (fr. Bichon à poil frisé) is distinguished by its miniature forms, which attract not only the attention of children but also many adults. It is noteworthy that both a French lapdog puppy and an adult bichon have no specific smell. This physiological feature is manifested by hypoallergenic, and therefore dogs of this breed are often used as part of Canis therapy, even for people with allergic disorders. Life expectancy in the description of the Bichon dog breed standard is about 12-15 years depending on the conditions of keeping and feeding.

The body structure of the representatives of the Bichon breed is proportional and absolutely small.

French lapdog-2

The shape of the head of the Bichons is rounded, slightly flattened in the region of the upper part of the skull. Cheekbones are completely flat. It is this combination that gives charm to the appearance of the dog. Nose with a black round lobe.

The Bichon Frise dog breed has a wide base on the front of the head, as it moves towards the nose, the muzzle gradually narrows. For this reason, the transition between the frontal part of the skull and the nose with the upper jaw is very weak. This gives the impression of complete and almost perfect roundness, which is complemented by the appearance of thick and lush hair on the body of a French lapdog. According to the established standard, the proportion of the length of the muzzle of the Bichon Frise to the total length of the skull is 2:3.


The neck of the Bichon Frise breed, with all the compactness of the dog itself, is slightly elongated. It accounts for about a third of the entire length of the animal. At the base of the skull of the French lapdog, the neck is thinner. It gradually thickens towards the withers.


The body of the Bichon Frise is small in size, characteristic of a dwarf breed, and has a rectangular configuration. French lapdogs have a flat back, but the loin is slightly curved down. The back is traditionally firm and strong. The chest of the Bichon Frise is lowered quite deeply, when viewed from the front, the sternum of moderate width is clearly visible.

Front legs

The French lap dog is characterized by fragile-looking forelimbs. In fact, this is dictated by the weak thin skeleton of the front paws. In young and adult dogs of the Bichon Frise breed, are located directly and have the elbow joints turned in the opposite direction.

The direction of the shoulders of the Bichon Frise is oblique. The shoulders of this breed practically merge with the body and the shoulder blades do not protrude from under the muscle tissue. The shoulder forms, together with the upper part of the paw, a smooth, neat angle. The French lap dog is characterized by a straight forearm, which, when viewed from any angle, looks absolutely perpendicular.

Hind legs

The hindquarters of the Bichon Frise also have a straight line from the shoulder blades to the toes. The breed has hard elastic pads and small toes on its hind feet. It can be seen that both at rest and during movement, the fingers seem to be gathered into a fist.

Unlike the forelimbs, the hind legs of the Bichon Frise are stronger and more massive. The shape of the hind legs of French lapdogs is rounded. Both the paws themselves and the femoral area are quite massive and have a smooth transition from one part to another.

The lower leg of the hind limb is approximately equal in length to the size of the thigh. The knee joint has the correct angle, it does not turn either back or forward. This structure allows dogs to maintain a smooth gait with a fairly fast pace of movement.


The tail of the dogs of this breed is quite long when compared with the body of the Bichon. In proportion, its length is approximately half the length of the hull. The location of the tail of the bichon is slightly below the upper line of the back.

When expressing positive emotions, the French lapdog raises the tail up and holds it in a strictly horizontal position. In this case, the suspension may touch the lower part of the dorsal line. The tail itself does not touch the back and continues to be a horizontal extension of the body.

The tail covering of adults of this breed is a thick lush coat with the same thick and dense undercoat.


The peculiarity of the Bichon Frise wool is fully consistent with its name. She is curly and very dense, which is why these dogs are often associated with plush toys.

At the same time, the outer hair of the Bichon Frise forms spiral round curls. Hair stiffness medium. The undercoat is Quite soft. Together with the outer hair, it forms a dense cushion through which even moisture cannot fully penetrate the skin. All this together gives the dog the shape of a fluffy ball, so it is customary to cut the animals of this breed.

These miniature dogs are typically white, but can also be brown.

The size

The French lap dog is distinguished by its miniature and compactness, which visually slightly increases due to its lush and curly coat. According to the breed standard, the Bichon Frise should weigh an average of 5 kg. With dwarf growth, weight can range from 3 kg in females to 6 kg in males.

The height of the French Bichon also does not have a clear framework in the description of the breed standard and can range from 25 cm to 29 cm at the withers. With balanced proportions and body weight, the standard allows deviations of 1 cm above the maximum level in males (up to 30 cm). In females, the deviation is allowed to the smaller side 2 cm below the minimum height at the withers, which is 23 cm.

Bichon Frise personality

Bichon Frise are sociable and open to everything new. Combined with the fearlessness and courage that are also inherent in the breed, this can bring a lot of problems. Having met a not too kind and socialized large dog on the street, the bichon will not be afraid on the contrary, he will try to establish contact with her, such a character. The same applies to strangers. Dogs of this breed are very trusting, so they are unlikely to act as guards. However, when acquiring a dog of a decorative breed, you should not hope for it.

In general, the pygmy bichon very easily finds a common language with animals. And this applies to everyone without exception: cats, dogs, rodents, and birds the bichon is ready to be friends with absolutely everyone. They also tend to have a wonderful relationship with their children. However, you should not buy a dog in a family where there is a baby. The pet requires careful care, and potential owners simply cannot always find the time for this.

This breed is characterized by unusual sociability for other dogs, and French lapdogs can easily and naturally feel in a large society of people or animals. Therefore, they perfectly take root in large families, equally well perceiving both adult family members and children.

Their natural friendliness and trustfulness are manifested literally in everything in games, on walks, and even just in everyday life. Therefore, they are often used in pet therapy treatments.

In general, the description of the nature of the Bichon Frise breed can be summarized as follows this is an ideal companion dog.

Recommendations for education and training

One of the positive characteristics of this breed is that the Bichon Frise is highly trainable. And at a young age and has already reached the threshold of adult years, such dogs quickly memorize commands and willingly carry them out. This is probably the reason that this breed is present in the arena of almost any circus in the world.

During training, you need to remember that the dog has a playful disposition, and if you try to force him to work on one team for a long time, then interest in this lesson will disappear very soon. Therefore, in the process of training, you need to try to diversify the time and activities. You can alternate team training with a simple game or let your pet communicate with relatives. But control should not be weakened unlike boring lessons with learning commands, French lapdogs are ready to sit back and indulge in games and running after each other for hours on end.

Raising a Bichon Frise puppy should be based on his interest. In the case of the use of force and strict shouts, further classes can not even be continued because the dog will not obey. But at the same time, in the course of educational activities, you always need to show who is the boss in the house. Otherwise, a spoiled and uncontrollable pet will settle in this house.

Care and maintenance of Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise is very fond of walking, they are ready to spend two, three, or more hours a day outside. They are not afraid of cold weather, but in autumn and in rainy weather they need overalls to protect them from mud. Otherwise, clothing can damage the snow-white soft coat of the Bichon Frise.

After walking the dog, you need to inspect each time and check the eyes for the presence of third-party objects on the eyelids, as well as the ears to make sure that there is no ear mites or blockage. In general, this is a breed that loves daily care, and the owner is unlikely to have to relax for a long time. Therefore, every time walking the animal needs to wash its paws, muzzle, and genitals. Eyes and ears can be cleaned with a damp cotton swab dipped in clean warm water this can be done every two to three days or every day as it gets clogged.

Wool also needs to be checked every time after coming from the street with its density and curly curls, dust deposits, and small fragments of branches or grass can almost always be found there.

To make the Bichon Frise look like a king, care must be appropriate. Teach to cutting curly wool and bathe puppies begin from childhood. If the dog does not participate in exhibitions, it is sheared at least once every two months. Bathe pets weekly using special cosmetics for dogs, shampoo, and conditioner. After water procedures, the wool is thoroughly dried with a hair dryer, combed, and “whipped”.

Pet claws also require care. Twice a month they need to be trimmed using special nail clippers or nail clippers. After such a procedure, bumps form on the claws, which the animal will try to eliminate on its own by turning them, for example, on furniture elements. To eliminate such consequences, after cutting the claws, they need to be slightly sharpened with a special nail file.

Dental and oral care is carried out at least once every 7-10 days. To do this, use a special brush, solution or toothpaste specifically for dogs.

Regarding feeding, there are also certain conditions for the frequency of meals during the day and the preferred diet. If a puppy appeared in the house, then it should immediately be accustomed to the diet:

  • Bichon Frise puppies at the age of 2 months are preferably given food up to 5 times a day;
  • pets who have reached 2-4 months can already eat 4 times a day;
  • dogs who are 4-8 months old are already fed 3 times a day;
  • for a pet that has reached 8-15 months, 2-3 meals a day are already enough;
  • for adults over 15 months, a two-time feeding schedule is sufficient.

The animal should be accustomed to the toilet from the very first days of getting to a new owner. For this purpose, young individuals are required to walk at intervals of at least two hours. So they develop an instinct that you need to go to the toilet during walks. Adult dogs are best taken outside for walks about 10-25 minutes after eating. In exceptional cases, when it is not possible to walk so often, you can accustom your pet to a tray with sand or a special filler. However, this can also lead to addiction, and then during walking, no toilet may not take place.

Bishon Bichon Frise to Diseases

Bishon Frieze puppies suffer most of the diseases, which is quite natural against the background of unstable young immunity. Although the genetic predisposition of this breed has not been detected by any diseases, young dogs may occur such pathologies as:

  • deforming abnormalities of the lacrimal ducts clearly expressed tearfulness or lack of tears in general;
  • allergic manifestations, most often after processing against helminths or vaccination.
  • In addition, adult individuals and young bichons can hurt such diseases:
  • dermatitis;
  • allergy;
  • diabetes;
  • epilepsy;
  • hypotrichosis;
  • cataract;
  • axial instability;
  • entropion;
  • urolithiasis disease;
  • Dystrophy of the cornea.

Most of these diseases are cured in veterinary clinics with medication. In some cases, surgical intervention is prescribed. At the same time, young dogs of this breed may have a number of infectious diseases that are characteristic of other breeds. These include viral hepatitis, plague, viral enteritis, parvovirus enteritis, and some others. To prevent them, it is recommended to carry out preventive vaccinations from the age of two months.

Otherwise, all representatives of this breed demonstrate strong immunity. Therefore, choosing a dog, you can safely stop at the Bichon Frise.

Tips for Choosing a Bichon Frise Puppy

It is better to buy a Bichon at the age of 12-16 weeks when the animal has already adapted to the external environment and has successfully switched from its mother’s milk to a general feeding ration.

When choosing a bichon, you may encounter certain difficulties there are almost no pronounced signs of the breed at an early age. More precisely, they are very difficult to determine, as the anatomical and physiological development of the body continues. Within a few more weeks, the proportion of the body and head of the Bichon Frise will change, their size. Also, the coat has not yet fully formed in the form in which it is present in adults curly and dense.

Therefore, the first rule when choosing is to contact only certified breeders with already established authority and experience. The female and male from which the offspring is obtained must have the following documents:

  • veterinary passport, where the facts of vaccinations and dewormings are indicated and confirmed with a seal;
  • certificate of origin a document confirming the pedigree of the parents, indicating ancestors up to 2-4 generations and containing information about the breeder;
  • act of mating breeding dogs.

A document with the necessary characteristics is also issued for puppies. Under the age of 6 months, he must have a veterinary passport and a metric indicating the Bichon breed. After the age of six months, the owner exchanges the metric for the pedigree in the Kennel Club of the Kennel Federation or Kennel Union.

The second condition for the successful choice of Bishon is the participation in this process of an experienced dog handler, preferably with the experience of training and educating dogs of this particular breed. Since, as already noted, in the early choice it is difficult to determine the compliance with the standards of the breed, and if the breeder is not too authoritative, there is a chance of buying not bichon, but in the best case metis. However, at this age, even puppies can be fluffy, like this breed, and not distinguishable from it.

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