Biodiversity declines causes, problems and consequences of reduction

The planet has a large number of species of flora and fauna that spread and live in various natural areas. Such biodiversity is not the same in different climatic conditions: some species adapt to the harsh conditions of the Arctic and tundra, others learn to survive in deserts and semi-deserts, others love the warmth of tropical latitudes, fourths inhabit forests, and fifths spread over wide expanses of the steppe. The state of species that currently exists on Earth was formed over 4 billion. years. However, one of the global environmental problems of our time is the reduction of biodiversity. If it is not solved, then we will forever lose the world that we know now.

Causes of biodiversity decline

There are many reasons for the decline in animal and plant species, and all of them directly or indirectly come from people:

  • deforestation;
  • expansion of the territories of settlements;
  • regular emissions of harmful elements into the atmosphere;
  • transformation of natural landscapes into agricultural objects;
  • the use of chemicals in agriculture;
  • pollution of water bodies and soil;
  • construction of roads and provision of communications;
  • the growth of the world’s population, requiring more food and territories for life;
  • poaching;
  • experiments on crossing plant and animal species;
  • destruction of ecosystems;
  • environmental disasters caused by humans.
  • Of course, the list of reasons goes on. Whatever people do, they affect the reduction of the areas of flora and fauna. Accordingly, the life of animals changes, and some individuals, unable to survive, die prematurely, and the population size is significantly reduced, often leading to the complete extinction of the species. The same thing happens with plants.

    The value of biodiversity

    The biological diversity of different forms of life animals, plants and microorganisms is valuable in that it has genetic and economic, scientific and cultural, social and recreational, and most importantly environmental significance. After all, the diversity of animals and plants makes up the natural world that surrounds us everywhere, so it must be protected. People have already caused irreparable damage that cannot be compensated in any way. For example, many species were destroyed all over the planet:

    laughing owl

    Turan tiger


    marsupial wolf

    Guadalupe caracara




    Neviusia Danthorn

    Crian violet


    Solving the problem of biodiversity conservation

    In order to preserve biodiversity on earth, you need to make a lot of efforts. First of all, it is necessary that the governments of all countries pay special attention to this problem and protect natural objects from the encroachments of various people. Also, work to preserve the world of flora and fauna is carried out by various international organizations, in particular, Greenpeace and the UN.

    Among the main measures that are being taken, it should be mentioned that zoologists and other specialists are fighting for every individual of an endangered species, creating reserves and natural parks where animals are under observation, creating conditions for them to live and increase populations. Plants are also artificially bred to increase their ranges, to prevent valuable species from dying.
    In addition, it is necessary to take measures to conserve forests, protect water bodies, soil and atmosphere from pollution, apply eco-technologies in production and everyday life. Most of all, the preservation of nature on the planet depends on ourselves, that is, on each person, because only we make a choice: to kill an animal or keep it alive, cut down a tree or not, pick a flower or plant a new one. If each of us protects nature, then the problem of biodiversity will be overcome.

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