This mushroom represents the genus Mlechik, which belongs to the family of raw. Bitter (lat. Lactárius rúfus) are quite ubiquitous, but they are collected infrequently. This is due to the fact that they have an unpleasant bitter taste.
The hat of this mushroom can reach 12 centimeters in diameter. The shape of a flatly conducable, but becomes funnel-shaped with the age of the mushroom. The skin of the hat is distinguished by a matte red-brown color. Mature mushrooms are covered with a darker skin. Garcocks meet with light spots on a hat. A characteristic tubercle is located in the middle. The plates under the hat are frequent and narrow. The color of the plates in young mushrooms is red-yellow, in mature-red-brown. The plates are attached to the leg.
The mushroom leg reaches a length of 10 centimeters with a thickness of up to 2 centimeters. The shape of the legs is cylindrical with an publishing. Young mushrooms have a solid leg, but as the mushroom grows, it becomes hollow. The surface is whitish, but acquires a pinkish or red tint.
The pulp of the mushroom is quite thin and dense. The aroma is similar to the smell of resin. During the cut, white juice is released. He is rather caustic and burning. The mushroom itself is very bitter.
The territory of distribution
It will not be difficult to collect a large harvest of bitter bites even for a novice mushroom pic. They spread everywhere, and most often grow under birch and pines. They also prefer wet clearings with acidic soil, where mosses and lichens grow. Are found both one by one and in groups. The fruiting period lasts from June to midautumn.
Each mushroom pickens should know that collecting any mushrooms near roads and production areas is quite dangerous. Almost all mushrooms, including bitter ones, absorb all the chemical reagents that enter the environment.
Bitter ones are quite similar to many mushrooms of the genus Mlechik. The easiest way to identify the mushroom on the tubercle in the center of the hat and the presence of caustic juice during the fault. However, mushrooms can be distinguished by other signs. It is important to know exactly which mushroom enters the basket. The main similar species of mushrooms:
The coat of the hepatic
This representative is inedible. It differs with a yellow shade of juice, which is released when interacting with air. The pulp pulp can be either yellow-brown or cream.
This edible species is found exclusively in the marshy areas of coniferous forests, so you can distinguish it from bitter in habitat.
This is a small edible mushroom with very specific taste features. You can identify it according to a flower aroma, a very small tubercle on a hat and sweet milky juice.
The stunted miller
This mushroom is conditionally sedimentary and differs in that it distinguishes yellow milky juice during a section and is covered with a lighter skin on a hat.
This representative is an edible mushroom. It is characterized by a more glossy hat without a tubercle. Brown-red color, and leg shortened.
Despite the fact that most mushrooms are edible, there are those that can harm health. Therefore, it is worth carefully studying false doubles before visiting the forest.