Surely everyone heard about such a shrub as Black Buzina. Perennial plant has a lot of beneficial properties and is widely used in the field of medicine. Moreover, healing is not only the fruits of an elderberry, but also the leaves. Most often, a shrub is found on the territory of countries such as Russia, Ukraine, North America and North Africa. The plant spreads along the roads, it is easy to find in settlements, as well as in coniferous and deciduous forests. Black bezin is also planted for decorative purposes.
Description and chemical composition
Wild Buzina Black belongs to the family of honeysplains. A low leaf-fingered shrub has branchy, brownish-gray stems, opposite, petiole, non-partial leaves and small, fragrant, yellowish-white colors. The flowering period of the plant begins in May-June. As a result, black and purple berries have 2-4 bones and juicy dit.
Black Buzina is used in cooking, medicine, veterinary medicine. In the food industry, a variety of mousses, confectionery, wine, syrups, and jam are made from berries of shrub. Buzin is also added to tea. Berries have a pleasant sweet taste and spherical shape.
Each part of the plant has its own unique chemical composition, which favorably affects the human body and is able to cure the patient from many ailments. Shrub flowers are rich in glycosides, vitamins, essential oils, tannins, sugar and organic acids. Fresh leaves are a storehouse of carotene and vitamin C. Plant bark contains choline, essential oil and phytosterines. Carotinoids, tannins, amino acids and mucus are concentrated in the berries of the elderberry.
Therapeutic properties of the plant
The most useful elements of the plant are berries and flowers. They have a diuretic, astringent, diaphoretic, disinfectant effect. The use of tea from the fruits of black bezine helps to suppress various viral and bacterial infections, cure the cold and improve overall wellbeing.
Black elderberry can be used as infusions, decoctions, lotions that help improve the condition of the skin with wounds, burns, boils, and also have an anesthetic and antiinflammatory effect. The use of drugs based on a medicinal plant is also indicated for such diseases:
In addition, black elderberry berries help to remove toxins, toxins from the body, make up for vitamins in the period of early spring and autumn, strengthen immunity. The plant has an antireducing effect, and is also used as an antipyretic and expectorant.
Fresh berries, as well as decoctions, are used as an anthelmintic agent, used in gynecology for douching, suitable for rinsing the throat for tonsillitis and tonsillitis. Drugs in which the root of an elderberry is used are used for bronchial and heart asthma, spasm of blood vessels.
Contraindications for use
Before using drugs based on black bezine, you should carefully study the contraindications and side effects. In addition, it must be borne in mind that the stems of the plants are toxic and contain cyanide, so they must be used very carefully. Contraindications to the use of black bezine is the presence of diseases such as nonnaichera diabetes, nonspecific ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, as well as pregnancy and breastfeeding period.