Black subsail (leccinum melaneum) appears under the birch, mainly on acidic soil. This mushroom is common in the summer and autumn season, and even inexperienced funbring functions are unlikely to confuse it with any dangerous-ovate gill mushrooms.
The color of the hat is not a key determining sign of this fungus. It varies from pale gray to various shades of grayish-brown, dark gray (almost black). A gray shade and a scaly surface slightly swollen at the base of the leg give a characteristic view to the fungus.
Where is the Black Black
This mushroom grows in most of the continental Europe, up to the northern latitudes. Environmental role is ecotomycorious, the mushroom forms mycorrhiz only with birch from July to November, loves raw conditions, and it grows only after heavy rains near natural water-bolot lands.
Lectsinum, the generic name, comes from the old Italian word meaning a fungus. The specific definition of Melaneum refers to the characteristic color of the hat and legs.
Various shades of gray-brown, up to black (and there is a very rare form of albinos), usually rounded and occasionally slightly deformed at the edge, somewhat wavy.
The surface of the hat is thin (velvet), the edge of the pellikula hangs weakly above the tubes in young fruit bodies. Initially, the hats are semispherical, become convex, not smoothed out, a diameter of 4 to 8 cm with full development.
Round, with a diameter of 0.5 mm, are widely adjacent to the leg, from 1 to 1.5 cm long, not white with a gray-brown tint.
The tubes end with pores of the same color. With a bruise, the pores do not change the color quickly, but gradually pale.
From pale gray to grayish-brown, covered with leathery brownish almost black scales, which darken with age, diameter up to 6 cm and height up to 7 cm. Elose samples have barrelshaped legs, in maturity they are more correct diameter and narrow to the top.
The flesh of the stem is white, but sometimes it will pink near the top, when it is cut or broken, and always turns blue (although only in a limited area) at the base. The outer part of the base of the stem with a blue, which is most noticeable where the slugs, snails or beetles damaged the surface of the legs a useful function for identifying a black substitch.
Weak smell and taste are pleasant, but not particularly characteristic “mushroom”.
How the Black Builder is prepared
The mushroom is considered a pretty good edible fungus and it is used in the same recipes as the white mushroom (although both to taste and texture, the white mushroom exceeds all the chirrows). If there are not enough white mushrooms, feel free to use the Black Boar for the necessary quantity in the recipe.
Are there any false black
In nature, there are mushrooms similar to this type, but they are not poisonous. An ordinary chirpan does not turn blue at the base of the legs when cutting or gap, and it is much larger.
Group is common
His hat is with orange shades, and it is blue-green when the base is damaged.