Black Sea fish photos, names and description | Types and list of Black Sea fish

The Black Sea has long been associated with a wonderful vacation and excellent tourist entertainment. One of these is fishing. The peculiarity of the Black Sea lies in the high concentration of hydrogen sulfide, at the level below 150-200 m. This factor had a direct impact on the place of residence of many species of fish. The main life of the Black Sea fish is concentrated in the upper and middle layers.

All fish wealth living in the Black Sea can be divided into waterfree, commercial and rare specimens. Many representatives of the last category are listed in the Red Book due to being on the verge of extinction.

Swap fish


Fish with maximum body length up to 23 centimeters. Color with greenish and bluish shades. It feeds on algae growing by the coastline. It spawns in April June, laying caviar on pitfalls, or in empty shells of double-leaf mollusks.

Sea ruff

Has a second name Scorpen. The maximum fish length is 40 centimeters, but more often than 15. The main share in nutrition is occupied by smaller fish, crustaceans and various invertebrates. Sea ruffs systematically sinking, completely dropping the old skin from itself.


Sea fish with a very elongated thin body. Has a strong shell of bone rings and a long snout. Often takes a vertical position and is in it motionless for a long time. The total color of the fish with a green tint.


Fish that distinguishes a peculiar shape of the head and eyes turned upside down. Live in the bottom layer of water. Feed mainly by crustaceans and other invertebrates. Most species show activity in the dark.


Differs on the presence of a long “sword” this is a strongly elongated upper jaw. Several bones of the skull play a role in her education. Another feature lies in the ability to artificially increase the temperature of the brain and eyes due to internal chemical processes.


This is a fish with a characteristic shape. The body is flat, the chest fins are opened with the head. There are 15 families of slopes, among which there are both marine and freshwater species. One of the interesting features of individual slopes is the ability to produce electric current. Its fish uses for defense and hunting.



A small fish related to the herring family. The mass of the largest individuals only 22 grams. Is the object of commercial fishing, which, at the moment, does not have a negative effect on the number of tulle.

Black Sea bull

Bottom fish living near the coastline. Differs a large head of a slightly flattened shape and closely located eyes. The number of bull is huge, despite the fact that it is caught in large quantities.


Small fish up to 18 centimeters long and weighing up to 12 grams. It is divided into five species, including European sprats that lives in the Black Sea. Sprat life expectancy is relatively small 5 years.


Fisherman with a narrow body and silver color. At different times of the year, he makes long nomads to the places of wintering or spawning. Is one of the main fishing fish with excellent taste qualities. Hams is salted, dried, used in soups and other dishes.


Walking fish living in the upper layers of water near the coastline. The main share in the nutrition of Klek is plankton. Sprat is a valuable fishing fish actively consumed by a person. It is used for canning, smoking and salting.


Fish with excellent taste. In the Black Sea, it is passing, that is, it is actively moving between water bodies for spawning or wintering. The registered weight of the largest individual is one kilogram.


This is a sea fish belonging to the Kefale family. Has an elongated body and eyes with a red tint. Lives in packs who go into large rivers to winter. Polengas feeds on various invertebrates, as well as smaller fish.


Sea fish with an unusual shape of the head and breast fins. It has a beautiful brownish color with an admixture of orange and blue colors. It is a predator. Lives and hunts in the tribute, actively using wide unfolding fins.

Black Sea fish listed in the Red Book


Very large fish from the sturgeon family. Perhaps this is the largest fish capable of living in fresh water. The weight of individual individuals reaches one and a half tons. Is a predator, eating smaller fish. Also, the diet includes various mollusks.


Large fish from the sturgeon family. The body length of the middle individual is 2 meters, the mass is up to 30 kilograms. In natural conditions, it forms stable estates and hybrids when crossing with other sturgeons. This fact is used for artificial creation of spikes adapted to various climatic conditions.

Russian sturgeon

Fish from the sturgeon family. The main food is a variety of crustaceans and other invertebrates, mollusks and small fish. Currently, the population of Russian sturgeon in the wild is very small, but it is actively divorced in numerous fish farms.

Stellate sturgeon

Large fish from the sturgeon family. Lives at a depth of 100 meters. The maximum body length is more than two meters, and weight up to 80 kilograms. Is a valuable commercial fish, but in the wild, the population is very small. Currently, the stellate stellate is grown at fish plants, some of the fish are produced in water bodies, and some are processed for eating.

Other fish

Sea crucian carp

Mediumsized fish with a body up to 25 centimeters long. Closed into small flocks, which are actively moving in the range of depths from 3 to 50 meters. In winter, flocks of sea crucians go far into the open sea and last near the bottom before the warm season.


The fish has a long body with a beautiful “metal” coloring. The structure and shape of the fins allows the mackerel to swim and actively maneuver. Is a valuable commercial fish, which is actively prepared in different forms. Mackerel is used both by an independent dish and as an ingredient.

Sea bass

Fish from the Skorpenov family. Differs in red and poisonous spikes at the ends of the fins. The injection of the sea perchiller leads to a slight painful inflammation. Different species live at depths of 10 meters to three kilometers. They hunt mainly from an ambush, attacking small fish and invertebrates.


Differs in a body compressed from the sides and a dull shape of the “face”. Holds in small flocks at a depth of 30 meters. Barabulka is a tribe fish and never rises to the surface. It feeds on small invertebrates, which he searches at the bottom, feeling silt and soil with special antennae.


Has an ovalshaped flat body. Lives in the trunk layers at a depth of 200 meters. Young flounder often holds on the shore. It feeds on crustaceans and invertebrates, as well as mollusks, which the fish actively collects in daylight hours.


Mediumsized fish from the perch of perchlike. The maximum registered length of the individual is 44 centimeters. Zelenushka lives in a wide range of depths from one to 50 meters. The color of fish is yellowish with a green tint and red longitudinal stripes.


Valuable commercial fish with good taste. Lives at a depth of 200 meters, eating various invertebrates. Thanks to the special shape of the mouth, it can swallow large prey and periodically engaged in cannibalism.

Sea Dragon

A kind of fish resembling floating algae. Her body is covered with processes imitating vegetation stalks. The sea dragon swims very slowly, but often remains unnoticed by predators. It feeds on plankton and algae, swallowing food.


Warly fish actively attacking flocks of smaller fish. During the hunt, the fisheries are organized organized, drive and swallow the victim, doing this at a very high speed. The fish has high taste and is the object of sports fishing. However, catching Lufar is not easy due to its speed and high physical strength.


Large salmon fish, which is an object of fishing. Lives at various depths, eating invertebrates, mollusks and small fish. Kumzhi meat is good for good taste and is used in different forms for cooking.


Cartilage fish weighing up to 15 kilograms. Lives near the coastline, preferring depths up to 120 meters. Fish nutrition is very diverse. The diet includes both invertebrates and a large number of small and medium fish. At a certain time of the year, packs of katran are able to attack dolphins.


Fish with a long and flexible body. Gray painting and with a metal tint. In appearance resembles eel. Differs in very small scales and the presence of a kind of beak. It has small sharp teeth that help tenaciously grab the prey.


The underwater world of the Black Sea really amazes with its diversity. However, such beauty makes it very vulnerable to modern realities. One of the main reasons for a significant reduction in the population of rare fish or their complete disappearance is poaching.

Additionally exacerbates the situation and constant pollution of water. The accumulation of dirt in the rivers that flows into the sea, overlapping the currents by dams all these leads to irreparable consequences. Responsibility for preserving the rare fish of the Black Sea lies with vacationers and fishermen. Otherwise, very soon we will only recall the former diversity and beauty of the underwater world

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