Black stork from the Red Book photos and description, interesting facts report

Black stork is a representative of monotypes that does not form subspecies. This species is counted for rare nesting migratory and transit-miller. Prefers to build nests in the quiet corners of the world.

Appearance

External characteristics are practically completely similar to the appearance of ordinary storks. With the exception of black plumage. Black shade prevails on the back, wings, tail, head, chest. In white shades, the abdominal part and the subshode are painted. At the same time, in adults, plumage acquires a greenish, reddish and metal tint.

A spot forms around the eyes without plumage of bright red color. The beak and legs also have a bright red tint. The head, neck and chest of young individuals take brown shades with pale hoarse peaks on feathers. As a rule, adults reach 80-110 cm. Females weigh from 2.7 to 3 kg, while males from 2.8 to 3.2 kg. Width width wings can reach 1.85 2.1 meters.

Demonstrates a high voice. Makes sounds similar to “chi”. It can rarely consume with its beak, like a white fellow. However, black storks have this sound somewhat quieter. A loud scream is published in flight. In the nest retains a quiet tone. In the marriage period, a sound similar to a loud hiss gives out. The chicks have a rude and extremely unpleasant voice.

Habitat

Black stork is extremely careful. Birds are inhabited by remote forests where people are not found. It feeds on the shores near small forest rivers and canals, on ponds. Tries to stay next to the nesting places.

Lives in the forest parts of Eurasia. in Eurasia can be found in swamps, near rivers and in areas where there are many forests. It can often be seen next to the Baltic Sea and in Southern Siberia. Also on the island of Sakhalin.

Black stork nest

A separate population is common in the southern part of Eurasia, in the forest regions of Chechnya. Found in the forests of Dagestan and Stavropol. The overwhelming number of individuals drives nests near Primorye. Spends winter in the south of Asia.

Representatives of the type of black storks live in South Africa, who do not migrate. The largest number of individuals are found in the marsh complex of a jar, which is part of the possessions of Belarus.

Arrives in late May early April. Favorite areas of black storks Olshaniki, Dubrava and mixed types of forests. Sometimes nests among the old plantations of pines. It also does not neglect coniferous forests, swamp regions and gestures.

Food

Black stork prefers to eat inhabitants of waters: small vertebrates, invertebrates and fish. Does not hunt in the depths. Feeds in pouring meadows and reservoirs. In winter, he can enjoy rodents, insects. Sometimes, catches snakes, lizards and mollusks.

Interesting Facts

  1. People wanted to cross black and white storks, placing them in the zoo. There were precedents when the male of the Black Stork expressed signs of attention to the white females. But an attempt to derive a hybrid appearance was unsuccessful.
  2. Black stork is considered an endangered look because of its “secrecy”. Therefore, he was listed in the red books of the CIS countries and areas of Eurasia.
  3. In the nest, black stork sleeps, examines the territory, cleans feathers, eats. Also performs the function of “sound alarm” when the enemy approaches and trains wings.
  4. A tendency to increase the population of black storks was recorded in Pooserye. It is believed that this is due to the cutting of the nearest forest areas. Because of what, birds nest only in the most remote corners of the region.
  5. Black stork varies with a white choice of nesting place, a black representative is never a whore near people. But, in recent years, individuals nesting near settlements and agricultural land have appeared in Belarus.
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