Broad-leaved forests are characteristic of the temperate climate zone. These forests are located at the following points on the planets:
Broad-leaved forests are found in temperate climates of the maritime and continental subtypes. There is a clear change of seasons here, and in autumn there is leaf fall. In winter, there are no sharp and severe frosts, on average, the temperature drops to10 degrees Celsius. Summer in this zone is long and hot, on average, degrees stay at +24.
As for precipitation, the same amount evaporates that it falls. The average precipitation per year varies from 500 to 1000 millimeters, but on the coast of the oceans it can be up to 2000 millimeters.
Types of flora
The main tree species of mixed forests are oaks and lindens, chestnuts and maples, beeches and hornbeams, elms and ash trees.
In North America there are oak groves, beech-maple and oak-hickory forests.
beech and maple grove
The following types of plants can be found in European forests:
Among the perennial herbaceous plants of broad-leaved forests, there are snowdrops and goose onions, denticles and blueberries, corydalis and anemones, meadow clover and caustic buttercup.
Mosses and lichens grow here, as well as ferns.
Animal world of deciduous forests
In the broad-leaved forests of Eurasia and America, various representatives of mammals are found. Among predators, it is worth mentioning wolves and martens, foxes and forest polecats.
Ungulates deer and wild boars, elk and roe deer are found in packs.
There are also many small rodents in the forests of this type. Many birds live in the forests. Among the birds in the crowns of trees there are eagle owls, starlings, owls, woodpeckers, swallows and others.
Waterfowl species are ducks, herons, sandpipers.
There are snakes, lizards, spiders and various insects here.
A unique natural zone of deciduous forests has developed on the planet. It is well mastered by man, so many species of flora and fauna are on the verge of extinction. The forest must be preserved, because it is not the owner’s property of people, but a habitat for animals and a valuable ecosystem of the planet.