Broad-leaved forests of the taiga of Eurasia natural zone and geographical location

Broad-leaved forests are characteristic of the temperate climate zone. These forests are located at the following points on the planets:

  • cover the western and eastern parts of Europe;
  • found in Central Eurasia;
  • on the Japanese islands;
  • in northern China;
  • in North America;
  • in the southern part of South America;
  • in New Zealand.
  • Climatic conditions

    Broad-leaved forests are found in temperate climates of the maritime and continental subtypes. There is a clear change of seasons here, and in autumn there is leaf fall. In winter, there are no sharp and severe frosts, on average, the temperature drops to10 degrees Celsius. Summer in this zone is long and hot, on average, degrees stay at +24.

    As for precipitation, the same amount evaporates that it falls. The average precipitation per year varies from 500 to 1000 millimeters, but on the coast of the oceans it can be up to 2000 millimeters.

    Types of flora

    The main tree species of mixed forests are oaks and lindens, chestnuts and maples, beeches and hornbeams, elms and ash trees.

    Oak

    Linden

    Chestnut

    Maple

    Beech

    Hornbeam

    Elm

    Ash

    In North America there are oak groves, beech-maple and oak-hickory forests.

    oak groves

    beech and maple grove

    The following types of plants can be found in European forests:

    bird cherry

    Euonymus

    Hazel

    Holly Holly

    Yew berry

    Heather

    Elder

    Raspberry

    viburnum

    Rose hip

    Among the perennial herbaceous plants of broad-leaved forests, there are snowdrops and goose onions, denticles and blueberries, corydalis and anemones, meadow clover and caustic buttercup.

    snowdrops

    goose bow

    Zubyanki

    Scilla

    Corydalis

    Anemone

    meadow clover

    caustic buttercup

    Mosses and lichens grow here, as well as ferns.

    Moss

    Lichen

    Animal world of deciduous forests

    In the broad-leaved forests of Eurasia and America, various representatives of mammals are found. Among predators, it is worth mentioning wolves and martens, foxes and forest polecats.

    Wolf

    Marten

    Fox

    forest ferret

    Ungulates deer and wild boars, elk and roe deer are found in packs.

    Deer

    Boar

    Elk

    Roe

    There are also many small rodents in the forests of this type. Many birds live in the forests. Among the birds in the crowns of trees there are eagle owls, starlings, owls, woodpeckers, swallows and others.

    Owl

    Starling

    Owl

    Woodpecker

    swallows

    Waterfowl species are ducks, herons, sandpipers.

    Duck

    Heron

    Sandpiper

    There are snakes, lizards, spiders and various insects here.

    Snake

    Lizard

    Spider

    A unique natural zone of deciduous forests has developed on the planet. It is well mastered by man, so many species of flora and fauna are on the verge of extinction. The forest must be preserved, because it is not the owner’s property of people, but a habitat for animals and a valuable ecosystem of the planet.

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