Brown-headed tit Puhlyak photo and description of a titmouse, what it looks like, what the bird eats

The brown-headed titmouse has received another name “powder” due to its ability to strongly down feathers in cold weather. For a long time, this species of birds was attributed to the family of tits, just a couple of years ago, zoologists decided to attribute it to a separate genus called chickadees.

What does a brown-headed chick look like

The brown-headed tit is a rather miniature bird with a maximum body size barely reaching 14 centimeters in length. Given its long tail, the body length of the bird can reach 20 centimeters in length with a weight of only 15 grams. Most puffballs have dark brown plumage. The upper part of the head is painted black, and the neck area on both sides has a white feather color. The color of the feathers in the lower part of the body has a pale beige tint. The eyes are black, and the paws are gray with a bluish tint. You can distinguish the puff from other members of the gadget family by the characteristic light edges of the flight feathers, which form a bright light spot on the dark wing. Noteworthy are the vocal abilities of the brown-headed chickadee. The voice of the bird is quiet and thin. The most frequently encountered song is a combination of small short whistles, reminiscent of the sounds “zhzhe”, “tssi-si”. As a rule, males are more vociferous than females.

Habitat

You can meet the brown-headed tit in coniferous forests and mountainous areas. Prefers to populate remote areas, where they are quite problematic to find. The range extends from Western Europe to Kamchatka. On the territory of European Eurasia settled up to the steppe zone. As a rule, most puffy birds are sedentary birds, however, they can make minor flights. A large number of the population is located on the territory of the northern forests, closer to the south the population of these birds is declining.

Food

Most brown-headed chickadees prefer to eat a variety of insects. Puffs are very important for maintaining the forest ecosystem, because, by feeding on insects, they regulate their numbers and help decontaminate trees from parasites. Brown-headed chickadees can eat some seeds and fruits of plants.

In summer, more than 50% of the diet of these birds consists of plants, and in winter they feed mainly on coniferous trees. Young puffs get all the nutrients they need from caterpillars, small spiders, larvae and other small insects. From plants choose cereals and cereals: flax, wheat, corn, oats and barley. Not against poultry and berries such as raspberries, currants and strawberries. When hunting, they prefer to look for food in the middle and lower tiers of the forest or in dense bushes. But on the ground these birds are almost never seen.

reproduction

The egg laying period is in May. They prefer nests at the bottom of a tree hollow, which are lined with litter in the form of dry plants. Pregnancy lasts up to 6 days, after which the female lays 6 to 12 eggs. Incubation takes place over two weeks. At this time, the male is looking for food for both. After two weeks of incubation, small chicks are born. Within 12 days, the mother is engaged in security cubs without leaving her nest. In a month, small brown-headed chickadees can say goodbye to their parents’ territory and live on their own. However, a caring female feeds her offspring for another week.

Rating
( No ratings yet )
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: