This animal, which belongs to the class of mammals, is a representative of the subfamily of badgers. The scientific name was given by Georges-Frederick Cuvier, French naturalist. This happened in 1825.
TV – pork badger with a rather stocky body. Animal fur can be gray and brown. The tail of the badger has a whitish or yellowish tint. Its length varies from 12 to 17 cm. There are several dark stripes on the face. The head of the mammal has an oblong shape, on it there are small eyes, arranged quite widely. A distinctive feature of the animal is the muzzle of pinkish color and teeth that are designed to dig the earth. The length of the body fluctuates from 55 to 70 cm, and the mass varies from 7 to 14 kg. Sexual dimorphism is expressed in size: males are much larger than females.
The body is one of the largest badgers. This animal is similar to a European badger, but the latter is a little larger and does not have such sharp claws on the front limbs. Another distinguishing feature is the color of claws. They have bright television, and the claws are much darker in the European badger.
Where it lives
This representative of the subfamily Barsukov lives in the southeast of Asia: in China, Thailand and Sikkim. The body is quite common in the east of Bangladesh. It can also be found in Myanmar and Mongolia. Recently was found in India and Sumatra. This species does not like migration, and basically does not change the habitat.
There are several subspecies to the body. So, the Gimalaye is inhabited by a big phone, the northern subspecies lives in southern China. Chinese television can be found in the northern part of China, and the Sumatran subspecies on Sumatra. Indochina pork Barsuk lives in Thailand and on the territory of Indochina, and the Burmese subspecies is found in Assam and Myanmar.
This species prefers both thick deciduous forests and steppes. The habitat includes floodplains, pasture lands prevail. In Bangladesh animals can be found in gardens.
Televy is an omnivorous animal. It can eat both small crustaceans and mammals. Sharp claws and teeth help him in search of food. The sense of smell of the animal also plays an important role in finding food: with his help, the television finds worms underground. Animals dug up rainworms with molars and incisors. These badgers also eat fruits, plant roots. They like to eat mushrooms and larvae, insects. Televy goes hunting in pitch darkness, this is the night.
Due to the addiction to the rainworms, the body controls the population of these invertebrates well. When searching for their favorite food, they fly the soil, beneficial affecting the ecosystem.
These mammals have an unpleasant character. Closer to the beginning of the marriage period, animals become rather aggressive, skirmishes with relatives occur. During the skirmish, males show each other teeth, their anal glands secrete poorly smelling substances. This behavior is often due to the protection of the boundaries of his territory, which the body is marked with urina.
Presumably the body lead a single lifestyle, because according to the habitat they usually move in one way. However, mothers always hold on next to offspring.
Females become sexually mature at about 8 months, and males only per year. The propagation period begins in April, and ends in September. Pregnancy lasts about 10 months. Scientists believe that the Embrions have a small development delay, because the fertilized egg is in the uterus for a long time, waiting for the onset of favorable conditions for the development. Around March, the female produces 2-4 badgers. At birth, the kids weigh 60 grams. The body feeds offspring with milk for about 4 months. At six months old, the cubs are already becoming more independent. Young animals are growing rapidly and at 7 months reaches the size of an adult animal. In captivity, a TV can live for 14 years.
The natural enemies of the telephone are tigers with leopards. Red wolves can attack animals. This species rarely becomes prey of predators, because individuals have quite strong jaws and a flexible body. The color of the body also helps them avoid conflict. These animals are quite agile, they can easily dig the moves and quickly disappear when the danger approaches.
Type and population status
The body has long been listed in the Red Book, but now the status of the species is concerned, because at the moment the population is reduced. The most stable populations are in Laos. There, a body is often found in the mountains, but there are practically no on the plains. In Thailand, the view is inhabiting small heights, mainly the plains. The local populations do not cause concern, unlike the number of individuals in China.
In India and Vietnam, these animals are protected by the authorities, because populations in these countries are reduced most rapidly. This is due to hunting for a body, animal meat is very appreciated among the population. Another cause of extinction is the destruction of the habitat of these mammals due to the creation of agro-industrial complexes.