Butterfly Brazhnika belongs to the family of mascsters or sphinxes and the supravity of silkworm. The people have two more name – Northern Hummingbirds and butterfly Hummingbirds. This representative differs with its great weight, which is why it feeds on the raid, while lowering its long trunk into color nectarians.
By its external feature, the Babel is endowed with a number of characteristic features inherent in night butterflies. It has the same large body, long and thin wings that differ in size, long antennae and body color in the form of a tree bark. Many people confuse a butterfly butterfly with a hummingbird, as it flies quickly and has a similar color. Therefore, in the flight of the Brazhnik you can not be distinguished from the bird.
The body length of these representatives reaches 11 centimeters with a scale of wings up to 17.5 centimeters. The weight of males is an average of 6 grams, and females can weigh all 8 grams.
Types of Brazhniks
At the moment, about 1224 representatives of the Brazhniks have been opened. Main varieties:
This night representative settled the territory of Africa and Asia, less often found in European countries. The insect is distinguished by its incredible emerald body color with pinkish patterns. Caterpillars of this species feed mainly by Oleandra, Barvinka, Grapes and Monaures.
Brazhnik is dead head
Spread on the territory of West and North Africa. An adult is capable of wingspan up to 13 centimeters. The upper part of the wings of brown color with a fuzzy orange pattern, and the lower part – bright yellow, on which black lines can be seen. The color of the back is dark with a yellow pattern, the outlines of which resemble the skull.It feeds on nectar tobacco, jasmine, fuchsia and orchids. Noteworthy of its loud squeak, scaring away predatory animals.
Brazhnik wine medium
Located in Siberia, Caucasus, Iran, the Far East and in certain regions of Europe. Adult representatives have wingspan in the region of 6 centimeters. The color of the upper wings is green with a pinkish strip on the outer edges. The body itself is olivecolored, and in the area of the back, longitudinal lines of pink color are flaunted. It feeds on honeysuckle. Night lifestyle.
Spread on the territory of the tropical latitudes of America. In particular, it can be found in Massachusetts, Jamaica and Galapagos Islands. Imago has a 10 centimeter wingspan. Endowed with very long antennae. Yellow and red spots in the shape of a square flaunt on the abdomen.
This butterfly settled in many regions of Asia, Europe and Africa. Becomes active with the onset of dark time of day. This species is endowed with a 7 centimeter wingspan. On the lower wings is a pattern resembling the eye. It serves to repel and protect against danger. The upper wings of gray with reddish edging and beautiful wavy patterns themselves.
Lives in Asia and Western Europe. The imago has wingspan up to 10 centimeters. Activity occurs with twilight. The color of the upper wings is gray or light brown with a small reddish tint. On the wings you can see the dark winding and straight stripes characteristic of this type. There are small zabins on the edges of the lower wings.
Settled in small Asia, Transcaucasia and Europe. Also found in Kazakhstan and Iran. Wingspan is 7.5 centimeters. The color of the wings is red with a yellow-green edging. There are linden brawls with brown-pink color of the wings.
Food of brawls
Adults of butterflies prefer to eat nectar of various colors, in which there are many carbohydrates. Brazhniks prefer nectars only a certain type of plant. These include: poplar, sea buckthorn, lilac, milking, battery, oak. There are such types of mascsters that do not eat and can live only a few days.
The great species difference of these representatives of the butterflies led to the emergence of many interesting facts. For example:
- Type Brazhnik, dead head in the dark, hunts honey, robbing it at the bees. With the help of her long and strong trunk, she easily breaks through the honeycomb and feeds on honey. In parallel with this, she makes the sounds of buzzing so as not to arouse suspicion of bees. But it turns out not always. If the bees see a hawk, then pounce and bite up to death.
- Some types of caterpillars can portray a dead state.
- Flowers pollinated by the hawls smell better.
- The flight speed of the hawls in one minute exceeds their body size by 25 thousand times.
- Butterfly, dead head knows how to sing. The sound of singing is similar to a very piercing squeak.
- These are the amazing butterflies-brothers. The last remarkable fact lies in the ability of mascsters to issue ultrasounds to save from bats.