California is located in North America, lies in the temperate and subtropical zone. The proximity of the Pacific Ocean is of great importance here. Therefore, in California, the Mediterranean type of climate was formed.
The northern part of California lies in the sea climate. Western winds blow here. In the summer, it is relatively cool, and in winter heat. The temperature maximum reaches in July the values of +31 degrees Celsius, the average level of humidity is 35%. The lowest temperature was recorded in December +12 degrees. In addition, in North California, winter is wet, up to 70%.
California climate table (compared to florida)
Southern California has subtropical climatic conditions. Dry and hot summer in this territory. In the winter season, the weather is soft and wet. The temperature maximum is +28 degrees in July, and at least +15 degrees in December. In general, the humidity of southern California is very high.
In addition, California is influenced by the air flows of Santa-Ana wind, which are directed from the depth of the continent towards the ocean. It is worth emphasizing that the increase in temperature in this area is accompanied by regular thick fogs. But this also serves as a protection against sharp and cold winter air masses.
California climate characteristics
A peculiar climate was also formed in the eastern part of California, in the area of Sierra Nevada and cascading mountains. The influence of several climatic factors is observed here, so there are very diverse climatic conditions here.
Precipitation in California falls out mainly in autumn and winter. Snow is quite rare, since the temperature below 0 degrees almost never drops. A larger amount of precipitation falls in the north of California, in the south less. In general, the amount of precipitation that falls over the year is an average of 400-600 mm.
The more deeper, the climate becomes continental, and the seasons here have noticeable amplitude fluctuations. In addition, mountains are a kind of barrier that delays wet air flows from the ocean. The mountains are moderate warm summer and snowy winter. The east of the mountains are deserted areas, which are characterized by hot summer and cold winters.
California climate, to some extent, is similar to the conditions of the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula. The northern part of California lies in a temperate belt, and the southern one in the subtropical. This is expressed in some differences, but in general, seasonal changes are well expressed here.