Canadian goldener photo and description where it grows, properties and application

Canadian goldener is a fairly common plant. He has a number of useful properties that few people know about. Many gardeners perceive it as a weed, since it spreads quite quickly, capturing large territories. However, the plant itself has been used for several centuries in medicine. Despite this, some consider it toxic. But is it really so, and whether he is dangerous for a person you will learn from the article.


Canadian Goldennik is a perennial herbal plant. It belongs to the family of astr. Zolotarnik is widely used. Mostly growing in North America. It has naturalized in Eurasia. In natural conditions, it grows along the roads. Today, many gardeners grow a goldfine on their site. This is due to its healing properties and a beautiful appearance, capable of profitably transforming landscape design.

However, it should be borne in mind that the goldener is able to displace other plant species. In China, there were cases when he replaced dozens of local plant species, which entailed serious problems. Despite the fact that the grass has healing properties, it should be extremely careful with it.

Also, Zolotarnik is considered a good honey plant. Bees love him very much. Often used as a coloring and tanning substance.

The plant itself is unpretentious. Steadfastly tolerates the lack of sun, but under its rays it develops much faster. Takes root in the soil of various types.

Poisonous or not?

Many botanists consider the goldennik more dangerous than hogweed. However, this is only due to the fact that its reproduction threatens the disappearance of other plant species, including sowing. This phenomenon occurs due to the release of poison into the soil by the root system. This substance can destroy everything: from bacteria and fungi to other representatives of the flora.

The plant itself is not considered dangerous for humans. However, the harm to the body is still capable of causing. This can happen due to improper use of the goldener in folk medicine, or due to the presence of an allergy to it.


Canadian goldener develops quite quickly. In height, it grows to 2 meters.  Has straight and standing stems that do not branch. On the shoots are narrow lanceolate leaflets with gear edges. Each of them has 3 veins each. From below the leaves are pubescent, and “naked” from the upper side.

The plant has a horizontal root system. During the flowering period on the top of the stem, pyramidal inflorescences are formed. They have a bright yellow color. The tongues of pestle flowers are 1-2 mm long, protruding from the cupshaped wrapper. The flower has 5 stamens attached to the corolla tube. Antheages are interconnected. On one stem, several inflorescences appear at once, which form spreading panicles. The diameter of the flower baskets does not exceed 5 mm.

Plant fruits have a cylindrical shape. They have small bristles, thanks to which the wind picks up the seeds and takes their long distance.

Where it grows

The eastern part of North America is considered the birthplace of the Canadian goldener. Many botanists believe that it was born in southern Canada, which is due to the name of this type.

It is interesting to note that in Europe they began to be used for decorative purposes in 1645, and in China since 1930. Now Canadian goldennitsa is widespread in many countries. You can meet it even in Asia, New Zealand and Australia.

Grows mainly along roads. However, since the wind spreads the seeds over long distances, and the plant itself takes root well and multiplies rapidly, you can meet it in the wasteland, meadow, railway embankment, landfill, coastal place along the drainage ditches, as well as on the garden area. It is worth noting that not all gardeners plant a goldener. Often he appears in the garden like a weed.

Therapeutic properties

In folk medicine, Canadian goldennik has been used for more than 300 years. In addition, today the extract of this plant is added to many pharmaceuticals. This is due to its healing properties, manifested in the form:

  • diuretic action;
  • cleansing the body;
  • antiinflammatory action;
  • strengthening the immune system;
  • antibacterial and antiseptic effect;
  • antiviral action;
  • astringent effect;
  • wound healing action.
  • The benefits of the use of the Canadian goldfish can only be obtained with proper use. Too frequent intake of a decoction or tincture from this plant can negatively affect the state of health.

    It should also be borne in mind that the goldfine has different effects on the male and female body. Beneficial properties and effectiveness are slightly different. For a woman’s body, it is considered especially valuable, since it has the ability to restore the operation of the reproductive system, and also positively affects the hormonal background. However, the goldfine supplies the production of the male hormone, so representatives of the stronger sex should not abuse the use of this plant.


    Any medicinal plant has contraindications. Canadian goldfish is no exception. It should not be accepted in the case:

  • pregnancy and during lactation;
  • the presence of allergies to ambrosia or with individual intolerance to this plant;
  • exacerbations of renal diseases;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • exacerbations of glomerulonephritis;
  • the presence of phosphate stones.
  • Also, Canadian goldener should not be consumed for children under 14 years old. The plant has a positive effect on the work of the most important systems in the human body. However, the contraindications should not be neglected. In the presence of one of the above paragraph, you should refuse to take the goldeneric.

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