Cane Corso: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo

Kane Corso: All about the breed, description of the dog, photo

Characteristics

  • Country of origin: Italy
  • The size:
    large
  • Growth:
    from 56 to 71 cm at the withers
  • The weight:
    from 36 to 63.5 kg
  • Age:
    9–12 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossians, Mountain Dogs and Swiss Cattle Dogs
  • Brief information

  • strong;
  • hardy;
  • clever;
  • devoted;
  • balanced.
    1. Pros and Cons of Cane Corso
    2. Description of the Cane Corso breed
    3. Head
    4. Eyes
    5. Ears
    6. Neck
    7. Frame
    8. Tail
    9. limbs
    10. Gait and movement
    11. Wool
    12. Color
    13. Size and weight
    14. Cane Corso personality
    15. Training and education
    16. Maintenance and care of Cane Corso
    17. Food
    18. Cane Corso health
    19. History of the breed
    20. Photo Cane Corso
    21. Who is this breed for?
    22. Famous owners
    23. How to choose a puppy
    24. Photos of Cane Corso puppies
    25. Cane Corso price
    26. Video

    Pros and Cons of Cane Corso

    The main advantages of the Cane Corso include:

  • simple care;
  • gets along well with children and other pets;
  • kindness and balance;
  • excellent guard qualities;
  • learns quickly.
  • Among the shortcomings can be identified:

  • molting throughout the year;
  • fear of cold;
  • intolerance to weaning from the host;
  • the need for long walks;
  • expensive food;
  • increased salivation;
  • frequent joint diseases.
  • Description of the Cane Corso breed

    Cane Corso (Italian Mastiff) large dogs with a powerful body. Muscles are dry and well defined. The main function of the representatives of the breed is security. These are not fighting dogs. They only show aggression towards strangers. The length of the body in such animals is greater than the height at the withers. Dogs are distinguished by agility and increased efficiency, but at the same time they have an aristocratic and elegant appearance.

    The Cane Corso has a large head, but it is in proportion to the body. The skull looks massive. The forehead is convex, powerful, without visible folds. In the region of the crown and occiput noticeably thickens. Superciliary arches have a clear line.

    The jaw of such an animal is strong and powerful. The bite can be straight (pincer-shaped) or with a slight departure. The second option is preferable. An adult dog should have 42 teeth in its mouth. A complete dentition is formed by the age of six months. Blades are at right angles.

    Cane Corso has a square muzzle. Looks like a rectangle in profile. The transition from the muzzle to the forehead is clearly visible. Stop is clearly visible when viewed from the side of the animal. Cheeks well defined and tight.

    Nose has solid black pigmentation. His lobes are large, open. According to the standard, they should be in line with the nasal trunk. The presence of a hump is unacceptable (the so-called Roman nose in dogs).

    Upper lips drooping, covering the lower jaw. Chewing muscles are very well developed.

    Eyes

    Eyes oval, small. Wide apart. Their color is predominantly dark, but with a light color, amber, gray, light brown eyes are allowed. Eyelid margins fused, well pigmented. The look of Cane Corso is very thoughtful and intelligent.

    Ears

    Ears hanging and soft. Shape triangular. When the Cane Corso is alert, they rise noticeably at the base. The hair on the ears is short and smooth. Cartilage is thick and dense. The top is sharply pointed. Size small. The auditory canals are located much higher than the cheekbones.

    Cropped ears in representatives of this breed have the shape of an equilateral triangle. Circumcision is not mandatory.

    In some countries, docking of ears and tails in Cane Corso is prohibited by law.

    Cane Corso: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo

    Neck

    The length of the neck of the Cane Corso is equal to the length of the head. Shape arched. Looks very muscular and strong. The ideal slope, according to the standard, is 45 degrees in relation to the ground. The nape stands out very clearly. The dewlap in the lower part of the neck is completely absent.

    Frame

    The body of such a dog looks quite compact. Very strong and embossed. Its length exceeds the height of the animal at the withers by about 10%.

    The line of the spine is absolutely straight. The loin protrudes slightly. The ridge is dry, dense. Slightly protrudes above the plane of the back.

    The chest is large and wide. Is located at the same level with the shoulders of the animal. Underline long. Its shape is semi-oval.

    The back has a clear profile, wide and powerful. The lumbar region is short, with well-defined muscles.

    Cane Corso: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo

    Cane Corso males without fail have two developed testicles, completely lowered into the scrotum.

    Tail

    Has a high seat. Long and thick, especially at the base. A short tail is considered a big disadvantage. The coat on it is short, smooth and dense. According to the standard, the Cane Corso must always keep its tail high when walking. He cannot bend into a ring.

    limbs

    The forelimbs of the animal are quite long. Legs look both front and side absolutely straight. Their height is about half the height of the dog at the withers. Elbows well pressed to the body. Legs strong and dry. The paws are round, the toes are tightly matched. Soles are hard and dry. Claws are very strong and large. Color, both pads and nails well pigmented.

    The hind limbs of the Cane Corso, both in profile and in front, are completely perpendicular to the ground. Look big and powerful. Hips wide, muscular. Knee joints and leg grooves are very pronounced. The phalanges of the hind limbs are less arched than those of the forelimbs.

    Dewclaws are present. They do not have any functional load, but are very prone to injury. Especially on the hind legs.

    Gait and movement

    Representatives of this breed move freely and easily. Preferably a sweeping trot, sometimes similar to a gallop. Prolonged ambling is a significant defect.

    Wool

    The coat of the Cane Corso is short and smooth. Undercoat insignificant. Its complete absence according to the breed standard is unacceptable. This is considered a defect. These dogs cannot be bred.

    The coat of the Cane Corso looks shiny and thick. It fits very tightly to the body. Thanks to the undercoat, the animal does not freeze during winter walks. But such dogs will not be able to live on the street all the time.

    Long hair on the croup up to 3 cm, on the muzzle very short 1-1.5 cm. The presence of gaps is unacceptable, the body of the animal must have a uniform cover.

    Color

    According to the standard, there are several color variations of the Cane Corso:

  • black;
  • lead grey;
  • ginger;
  • deer;
  • brindle.
  • Brindle and red dogs must have black spots on the muzzle without fail. According to the standard, they cannot go beyond the line of the eyes. The presence of small spots on the chest, paws, nose is also acceptable. Gray options instead of black are allowed only in individuals with light colors. Black dogs may have white spots on their chest. The features of the brindle color include the absence of clear outlines in the stripes.

    The traditional color of the Cane Corso is black, gray and brindle. Both single colors and combinations of several colors are allowed.

    Such a large number of colors appeared as a result of selection work.

    Size and weight

    Cane Corso is a fairly large dog. They look strong, but not stocky. Males are always larger than females.

    The standard for males is considered to be height from 65 to 68 cm, for females from 60 to 64 cm. Fluctuations of a few centimeters are allowed. Weight can vary from 36 to 63.5 kg.

    Cane Corso personality

    At first glance, it seems that representatives of this Italian breed always look very serious. But in some cases, animals can be artistic they have very well developed facial expressions.

    The main feature of such dogs is devotion and the desire to protect their master in any situation.

    They are very friendly and get along well with children, cats and pets. A small child is always shown patience, even if he is overly active.

    Representatives of the Cane Corso breed are not inclined to show aggression without a reason. Overly unfriendly dogs are considered a breed defect.

    These dogs are very obedient. They choose one master and are ready to obey him implicitly. But despite this, in order for the dog to become a good friend, you will have to make a lot of effort. Without proper training, a pet can become stubborn and naughty.

    Kane Corso is tied to one person once and for all. It is very difficult for him to survive the change of ownership. He also endures a long separation painfully, misses him very much. It is not recommended to leave the dog alone for a long time. Long trips should be avoided whenever possible.

    This pet always needs attention and affection. He loves to be stroked on the head, back and stomach.

    The owner is always trying to please the owner. He is able to catch the mood of a person instantly he understands human facial expressions and immediately reacts to a change in the timbre of the voice. It’s not worth yelling at such a dog. She can be very offended and start to yearn.

    Such pets are very fond of walks, including long ones. You can take them with you to a picnic, to the forest, to fishing. 

    Cane Corso is a great choice for families with small children. It will reliably protect an apartment or a country house. The dog can scare off intruders with just one look.

    These dogs have a very strong sense of territoriality. This is a characteristic feature of the breed. Subject to professional training, the animal can become an excellent watchman and bodyguard.

    Training and education

    Experts advise starting the process of training a dog at a very early age. The sooner pet training begins, the more fruitful it will be. It is allowed to start raising a puppy immediately after he is fully accustomed to a new place of residence.

    Do not think that for a monthly pet, training will be stressful. Using the right techniques will allow you to quickly build a trusting relationship with the animal that will last a lifetime.

    The very first type of training for Cane Corso, as for other breeds, is toilet training. Puppy can be taught to go to the toilet on a diaper. Adults must defecate outside.

    With the start of walking, the pet must be taught to walk in a collar and on a leash. The puppy should wear these accessories already at home. So he will be able to quickly get used to them.

    From a very early age, the dog should be prohibited from:

  • beg for food;
  • sleep with the owner;
  • jump on people and bite them, even during the game;
  • bark and howl loudly and often.
  • Training should take place in a calm environment, preferably without the participation of strangers and other animals. So the pet will learn the necessary commands much faster. If on the street in a sparsely populated place, if at home alone with a pet.

    The standard set of commands includes the following:

  • “Place”;
  • “To me”;
  • “It is forbidden”;
  • “Sit”;
  • “Lie down”, etc. d.
  • Praise is very important for the Cane Corso. Experts advise using a treat or a toy to encourage. If food is used as a reward, then you need to train on an empty stomach.

    Without punishment, quality education will not work. They should always be timely: follow immediately after the fault. Otherwise, the dog will not understand why he is being punished.

    You need to train your pet at least twice a day. Training can take place both at home and on the street. Their duration should not exceed 30 minutes.

    Commands are given only in a clear, confident voice. Do not yell at your pet. It is also forbidden to beat a dog for wrongdoings. Cane Corso react immediately to a change in the mood of the owner.

    You need to accustom the dog to the same words-commands, you cannot replace them with synonyms during the training process.

    If you can’t raise a dog on your own, then it’s better to contact a professional. An improperly trained dog can bring a lot of trouble to its owner and the rest of the household.

    Maintenance and care of Cane Corso

    Since the Cane Corso is bred in Italy, they are not accustomed to cold climates. The coat of pets is short, the undercoat is very small. If the dog tolerates walks in the winter season well, then a permanent stay in the aviary is unacceptable for her. Experts advise buying special warm clothes for your pet.

    In addition, the peculiarity of the woolen cover of the breed contributes to the appearance and reproduction of parasites in it. It is for this reason that the owner is obliged to clean the wool regularly and thoroughly. To do this, in a specialized store you need to purchase a brush with hard bristles. Do not scratch your dog with a regular comb. The procedure is carried out as needed.

    One of the features of this breed is that it sheds throughout the year. Subject to regular combing, there will be less cleaning in the apartment. The short coat of the Cane Corso is very difficult to remove from carpets.

    Frequent bathing is not recommended. This must be done as it gets dirty. Usually no more than once a month.

    The procedure should be as follows:

  • warm, but not hot water is poured into the bath;
  • immerse the pet in it and evenly wet all the wool;
  • apply a special detergent to the body of the animal;
  • rinse well with warm water.
  • For the short coat of Cane Corso, one treatment is usually enough.

    Nails trimmed once a month. If they grow faster, then more often. Haircuts should be taught from an early age. Only in this case the dog will not be afraid of this process. For cutting, use special nippers or scissors. You can buy them in a specialized store for pets.

    You can also purchase a special brush for brushing your teeth. Pastes and powders for dogs are sold in pet supplies. In addition, to clean your teeth, experts advise you to purchase special types of treats that help clean the enamel from plaque. It is recommended to brush your teeth at least once a week, ideally daily.

    Dogs should visit a specialist doctor on a regular basis once every six months. Immunizations and vaccinations are a must. Adults should be vaccinated against rabies every year. Other types of vaccinations are done less frequently 2-3 times a year, provided there are no contraindications.

    Physical activity is essential for the Cane Corso. Walks should be long and regular at least an hour. Walk your pet at least twice a day. If the pet begins to be lazy, it must be encouraged to be active. The animal must be as mobile as possible.

    The dog must be let off the leash. This should only be done where it is allowed. Walking in crowded places should be carried out only on a leash. The dog must be taught not to pull or pull the owner.

    You can take your pet’s favorite toys for a walk. It can be a ball or a flying disc. Such animals love active and outdoor games. They allow the dog’s muscles to constantly be in good shape.

    Representatives of the Cane Corso breed are very fond of exploring new territories, so you should not leave them unattended. The dog should always be kept in sight and called by name if he ran too far.

    These animals are unpretentious, so keeping dogs at home does not cause much trouble.

    For a pet, it is mandatory to purchase:

  • a separate bowl;
  • sunbed;
  • toys;
  • collar;
  • leash and muzzle.
  • The bed should be large, since the Cane Corso has impressive dimensions. Since the dog sheds a lot, it is necessary to purchase a large number of interchangeable diapers. The sunbed itself must have a removable cover. As toys, you can use balls, bones, flying discs.

    Food

    Cane Corso puppies begin to be taught to a complete diet from the third week of life.

    Dog breeders are advised to use specialized nutrition, because in this case the pet will receive all the necessary vitamins and nutrients in full. Dry food is fully balanced and selected depending on the dog’s belonging to a particular breed.

    Subject to the choice of such a power system, the owner does not need to:

  • regularly purchase nutritional supplements and vitamins;
  • buy a lot of natural products in the store;
  • prepare separate meals;
  • think about food safety.
  • Dry food is great for storage outside of refrigeration. In addition, you can always take them with you on the road. For travel lovers, this fact is very important. Dry food can be bought with a huge supply, which will significantly save your free time.

    The main thing is to choose not the cheapest options. Budget feeds contain meat waste. The use of such products will sooner or later adversely affect the health of the pet. When choosing the right type of food, it is better to consult with an experienced veterinarian.

    Cane Corso: all about the breed, description of the dog, photo

    The diet for Cane Corso must be carefully planned. It is not recommended to overfeed your pet. There should be three meals breakfast, lunch and dinner.

    You need to feed the dog with one thing either dry food or natural meat. It is not recommended to use both types at the same time. The digestive system of an animal adapts very quickly to a particular type of food. It’s hard for her to adjust.

    Special attention should be paid to pregnant dogs. During pregnancy, the bitch must eat more than usual. This will help her bear healthy offspring.

    Cane Corso health

    Usually Cane Corso owners go to veterinary clinics with the following problems:

  • hip dysplasia;
  • inversion and eversion of the eyelid;
  • allergic reactions;
  • epileptic seizures;
  • viral types of diseases.
  • Most of these diseases are hereditary. The health of the pet must be carefully monitored and consult a doctor when the first symptoms appear. Only in case of timely treatment, the chances of recovery will be maximum.

    An allergic reaction may cause inflammation of the ears, lips, eyelids, nose. In this case, you need to find out what caused this ailment. Cane Corso is allergic to plant pollen, mold, flea saliva.

    An umbilical hernia in pets can be detected immediately after birth. In some cases, it resolves on its own, sometimes surgery is required.

    History of the breed

    Cane Corso are the descendants of the most ancient group of dogs Molossians. Scientists are sure that the ancestors of modern representatives of this breed were dogs that were used in gladiatorial competitions in ancient Rome. They took part in battles with wild animals lions, tigers, bulls. They were also used for hunting large forest animals.

    After the fall of the Roman Empire and until the Middle Ages, the mention of Cane Corso disappeared. Later they spread to many European states. The main thing is proof of this Kane Corso can be seen in engravings and paintings of artists of different countries.

    In the future, Kane Corso helped the grazing of cattle, guarded the dwelling and looked after the children. At this time, the main features of the breed devotion to the owner and excellent patrol abilities began to form.

    After the end of World War II, they almost completely disappeared. Only a small part of such dogs in individual provinces of Italy remained.

    Their revival occurred thanks to the work of the biologist Professor Giovanni Bonatti Nitszoli. In the 1980s, the breed of Kane Corso was restored. The first official standard appeared around the same period. Animals received tribal registration in 1994. Starting from this time, the number of such dogs begins to actively increase.

    For whom this breed is suitable

    Cane Corso is suitable for people who need a dog as:

  • watchman;
  • bodyguard;
  • family pet.
  • These dogs are great for looking after children and other types of pets. The main purpose of a dog is to protect all residents of a house or apartment. The robber will not be able to get past her.

    Since the animal needs active walks, they are not suitable for the elderly and children. Business people who have little free time will also not be able to keep such pets. Regular training and long walks in the fresh air of the Cane Corso are essential.

    Before acquiring such a dog, consider whether it will be possible to pay attention to it. Dogs will not be able to stay alone for a long time this is another feature of the breed. They need constant human contact.

    The maintenance of such a pet is not budget friendly. He needs a lot of food. Therefore, those who are not ready to spend a lot of money on a pet are not recommended to buy it.

    Since the dimensions of the animal are impressive, owners of small apartments and houses are not advised to start a Cane Corso.

    Famous owners

    Dogs of this breed live with the famous Hollywood actor Vin Diesel, Russian singer Vika Tsyganova and singer Yuri Shatunov.

    How to choose a puppy

    When buying a Cane Corso puppy, you should pay attention to the following points:

  • price;
  • conditions of detention;
  • no visible defects;
  • the presence of a pedigree;
  • dog exterior;
  • behavior.
  • An important point is the purpose of establishing Cane Corso. If the Italian Mastiff is being purchased as a pet, then any healthy puppy will do. If the owner plans to take part in exhibitions or breed with the dog, then all the nuances should be taken into account.

    Be sure to pay attention to the puppy’s head. It must be brick-shaped. The forehead is necessarily voluminous, well-defined. The belly of a healthy dog ​​is soft, without seals. Each paw has the required number of fingers.

    The gender of a Cane Corso puppy also matters. Don’t buy a bitch if you don’t want puppies. Caring for a pregnant female also brings a lot of trouble.

    It is better to purchase a puppy born to a young mother the age of the bitch should not exceed 8 years.

    Breeder behavior matters a lot. Professional cattery owners are always interested in the fate of their pets. They ask future owners questions about the existing living conditions, give advice on upbringing and feeding.

    Cane Corso price

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