Cao de Castro Laboreiro: characteristics of the dog breed and photo

Cao de Castro Laboreiro is an ancient breed of dog. It belongs to the Asian group of Molossians who came to Europe with the Romans.

The name of the breed literally translates as “a dog from Castro Laboreiro” a mountainous area in northern Portugal. For a long time, due to the inaccessibility of these places, the breed developed independently, with little or no human intervention.

Cao de Castro Laboreiro

Characteristics Cao de Castro Laboreiro

  • Country of origin: Portugal
  • The size: medium, large
  • Growth: 55–65 cm
  • The weight: 24–40 kg
  • Age: 12–14 years old
  • FCI breed group: Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossians, Mountain and Swiss Cattle Dogs

Brief information

  • Other names for this breed are the Portuguese Cattle Dog and the Portuguese Watchdog;
  • Obedient companion for the whole family;
  • General service breed.

Character Cao de Castro Laboreiro

Seriously, professional cynologists only took up the selection of shepherd dogs in the 20th century. The Portuguese Kennel Club adopted the first standard in 1935 and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1955.

Cao de castro laboreiro have several names that correspond to their occupation: they are shepherds’ helpers, house guards, and livestock protectors. However, such a variety of roles is not surprising. These strong, courageous, and selfless dogs are ready to stand up for themselves and for the territory entrusted to them. What to say about family members! These dogs are loyal and devoted to their owner.

In the house, the Portuguese watchdog is a calm and balanced pet. Representatives of the breed rarely bark and in general, infrequently show emotions. Serious animals require respect.

They are trained quite easily: they are attentive and obedient pets. With a dog, you must definitely go through a general training course (OKD) and protective guard duty.

With children, the Portuguese Shepherd Dog is affectionate and gentle. She understands that in front of her is a little master who cannot be offended. And, rest assured, she will not give it to anyone as an insult.

Like many large dogs, Cao de Castro Laboreiro is condescending towards animals living with her in the same house. Her wisdom deserves special mention. She rarely enters into open conflict only as a last resort if the neighbor turns out to be cocky and aggressive.


The coat of the Portuguese watchdog sheds twice a year. In winter, the undercoat becomes denser and thicker. To remove loose hair, the dog must be brushed a couple of times a week with a furminator.

Hanging ears should be inspected and cleaned weekly, especially during the cold season. Dogs with this type of ear are more prone to otitis and similar diseases than others.

Conditions of detention

Today, the Portuguese Guard Dog is often kept as a companion by people living in the city. In this case, the pet must be provided with a sufficient amount of physical activity. Walk your dog two to three times a day. At the same time, once a week it is advisable to get out with her into nature for example, into a forest or a park.

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