Caucasian shepherd photo and description of the breed


  • Country of origin: USSR
  • The size:
    Large (very large)
  • Growth:
    66–75 cm
  • The weight:
    45–75 kg
  • Age:
    9–11 years old
  • FCI breed group:
    pinschers and schnauzers, molossians, mountain and swiss cattle dogs
  • Brief information

  • Fearless and confident dog;
  • Strong-willed character, a tendency to dominate;
  • The perfect watchman.
  • History of the breed

    The very name of the breed Caucasian Shepherd makes it clear that the place of its origin is the Caucasus. According to some cynologists, the ancestors of the Caucasian Shepherd were Central Asian dogs, others believe that Tibetan Great Danes. But that’s just speculation. The breed has been valued in mountain villages since ancient times. “Caucasians” performed the functions of not only shepherds, but also guards. They protected herds from wolves and strangers who threaten the property of the owners. Due to the special tendency to divide everyone into “us” and “strangers”, these dogs are still considered the best guards and defenders. The image of Caucasian shepherd dogs even adorned the coats of arms of some Georgian princes.

    Until the end of the 19th century, the purity of the breed was preserved thanks to the methods of folk selection. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Caucasian shepherds were first presented at an exhibition in Nuremberg, after which the whole world spoke about them, and in 1990 they were registered in the International Association of Kinologists. Nowadays, these dogs are particularly popular in the Russian Federation and the CIS countries, but are also known in the far abroad.


    Caucasian shepherd a powerful dog with a strong character. Information about where and under what circumstances were first mentioned the dogs of this breed, diverge from themselves and do not have evidencebased base. It is known for certain that they were used as guards and shepherd dogs. Until now, Caucasians are rightfully considered the best guard dogs.

    These dogs are not only strong, but also incredibly smart. They clearly set themselves the boundaries of “their own”, determining the sphere of their responsibility the territory and people who should be guarded. Unlike many guard dogs, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs independently assess the situation and decide how to act in a particular case. Moreover, dogs of this breed easily distinguish situations that pose a real threat from provocations. So it’s not so easy to confuse them.

    Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have a very difficult character. They are independent, prone to dominance. Nothing can force this dog to obey the owner, who in her eyes does not have the proper authority. Moreover, it is impossible to win it using physical force, swearing or any kind of punishment. Caucasians are very well versed in human characters, and it is not difficult for them to distinguish inner strength from bravado.

    But if the dog has already recognized the owner, she will be the most faithful and reliable friend for him.

    Often we can find the opinion that dogs of this breed are extremely aggressive and do not get along with other animals, as well as with young children. Of course, the Caucasian Shepherd is a serious animal. But with the right upbringing, her aggression is always motivated and aimed at protecting its territory, the owner or members of his family. Unmotivated and uncontrolled outbursts of aggression are the result of improper handling of the animal, as well as its incorrect maintenance, but definitely not a manifestation of its innate instincts.

    In relation to children, these dogs behave very carefully, understanding with whom they are dealing. However, the owners must be aware that Caucasians will not play and babysit the child. So it is better not to leave children to communicate with the dog without proper adult supervision.

    Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are always on the alert and constantly assess the situation for the presence of an external threat. Therefore, these dogs do not understand jokes and familiar treatment from outsiders and can react quite unambiguously, making it clear at what distance a stranger should stay from them.

    Description of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog

    The “Caucasians” are characterized by a strong physique and well-developed muscles. The growth of males at the withers reaches 65 cm, females 61 cm.

    The coat is coarse, with a dense undercoat. Some individuals are the owners of the “mane” a thick woolen collar around the neck. The hair on the tail is longer and softer, making it look fluffy and voluminous. Color implies a variety of shades of gray, taupe and similar colors, tan and light spots are allowed.

    The head is massive with a wide muzzle, gradually tapering from the base to the nose and turning into a strong chin. Lips fleshy, well pigmented, fitting close to the jaw. Dark, almond-shaped eyes set far apart.

    The body of the Caucasian Shepherd Dogs is large, with a broad back and chest, a short loin and a taut belly. The tail is sickle-shaped, set high. The limbs are muscular, set straight.


    Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are long-haired and short-haired. In both cases, hair care is required. Dogs should be brushed regularly and thoroughly. They shed heavily once a year, and during this period the dog will have to be combed every day.

    Caucasians should be bathed only as needed and preferably in the warm season, so that the coat dries properly.

    Conditions of detention

    Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are not just big dogs they are very big. In a cramped city apartment, these dogs feel uncomfortable. Because of this, nervousness may appear, and the shepherd dog may even become aggressive.

    Caucasian Shepherd Dog photo and description of the breed

    Dogs of this breed need space and freedom of movement. Caucasians do not like to sit on a leash. Given that they are also very loud, we can say for sure: a dog on a chain will bark a lot, make noise and attract attention.

    The owner must take into account these points, as well as the fact that these animals need physical activity in large quantities.

    Predisposition to disease

    For those who decide to become the owner of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog, it is important to know what diseases most often threaten these pets.

  • infections. These include: distemper, leptospirosis, adenovirus hepatitis, tuberculosis, colds. Puppies carry them harder.
  • Metabolic disorders. The most common cause is a genetic predisposition. But the metabolism can fail due to malnutrition, so the owners are obliged to provide a balanced diet from the first days of the puppy’s stay in the house. Metabolic problems also manifest as allergic reactions.
  • Albinism is a hereditary violation of the synthesis or complete absence of melanin, which is responsible for the color of the coat, eyes, mucous membranes.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system. These include: diabetes mellitus (more often manifested in maturity), fetal gigantism, dwarfism, obesity.
  • Musculoskeletal disorders such as hip dysplasia, lameness, clubfoot.
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs also suffer from diseases of the nervous system, for example, epilepsy, psychoses and neuroses.
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