Central Asian land turtle care and maintenance at home, photo, dimensions, food

Central Asian turtles are common in Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and some parts of Iran. The climate in this part of the world is severe and variable, with extremely hot and dry summer and extremely cold winter. To adapt to adverse conditions, reptiles have developed survival tactics. They spend in minks underground up to 9 months a year. The most active turtles in the spring. This season they give offspring and gain strength when food in abundance.

The size

Females of Central Asian turtles larger than males. But even the largest turtles rarely grow more than 20 cm in length.

Content and care

Turtles are active animals, they require a lot of space in a spacious vivaria. In the warm season, caring owners take pets out into the street. To do this, the aviarys protected from shoots are acquired. Turtles living in open areas even only a few hours a day:

  • Strengthen health in the fresh air;
  • enjoy natural sunlight;
  • Eat fresh grass.
  • To keep the Central Asian turtle in the house you will need a large cage. One turtle should live in a terrarium with a volume of 180 liters. When placing several turtles together, the requirements for the area increase.

    Glass Vivarymi with a metal net for ventilation at the top of the panel this is a suitable option for turtles. Some reptile lovers cover the sidewalls with opaque material. They believe that in the darkened terrarium turtles are less active.

    Temperature and lighting

    Central Asian turtles best feel better when the ambient temperature is 26 ° C, and in the bathing area they maintain heat in the range of 35-38 ° C. Do not heat the entire vivarium. People create localized warm places. The turtle chooses for herself where she would like to be inside the cage at a given time.

    Acceptable methods of heating of Central Asian turtles:

  • standard heat lamps;
  • infrared electric bulbs;
  • ceramic emitters;
  • Heating pillows for the tank.
  • The methods used (method) and their combinations depends on the type of terrarium case, turtle size and conditions in the house.

    Good lighting is important for the wellbeing of daytime reptiles. Central Asian turtles in captivity require 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. This photoperiod is adjusted when animals are ready to reproduce.

    Full spectrum bulbs designed for use in cells with reptiles are sold in various shapes and models. The lighting provides light with ultraviolet radiation, which is necessary for the turtle to synthesize vitamin D3 and calcium metabolism in the diet.

    Suburb and interior items

    Turtles of Central Asian digging holes and moves. Therefore, the pets should have a sufficiently deep soil. The substrate is made from:

  • crushed aspen;
  • soils;
  • Cypress Mulch.
  • The substrate used should be easily detergent and suitable for digging. Dusty materials should be avoided, as they will eventually cause eye and respiratory diseases.

    Turtles are curious and active, check the strength of everything that is in Vivaria. Therefore, excessive cell design is not recommended and not necessary. Add shelter (hollow logs, wooden box, etc. At each end of the aviary, provide a refuge without overloading objects of the habitat.

    Reptiles are delicate, humble creatures. Central Asian turtles are no exception. People safely interact with them. The animal will not harm even the child. Turtles recognize the owner and react to his presence, take the feed from the hand.

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