Chapendois: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


  • Country of Origin: Netherlands
  • The size
  • Growth
    40–50 cm
  • The weight
    15–20 kg
  • Age
    13–14 years old
  • FCI breed group
    Herding and cattle dogs other than Swiss cattle dogs
  • Brief information

  • obedient;

  • Devotees;

  • Cheerful and playful.

  • Origin story

    Before the Second World War, on every Dutch field, where the Otar of Sheep grazed, one could meet shaggy multicolored dogs, with a flooded bark of fulltime cattle at the behest of the shepherd. The prevalence of the Chapendois breed was almost universal. It was impossible to imagine a sheep farm without such a watchman for many centuries. But where these dogs came from in Holland is not known for certain. According to one version, the ancestors of the Chapendois were Spanish cattle dogs, and the breed itself came to the Netherlands in the middle of the 16th century. Then this country was under the rule of the Roman Empire, so it is not surprising that the Spanish shepherd dogs moved to the Dutch fields.

    According to another version, the Chapendois is a native Dutch breed of dog, bred by local farmers to protect flocks of sheep. The literal translation of the name from Dutch means “shaggy wool” (in another opinion, “dirty wool”). From time immemorial, these dogs were held in high esteem by farmers and workers, but never attracted the attention of the nobility. In the middle of the 20th century, like many other breeds, chapendua were on the verge of disappearance. But thanks to amateur cynologist Peter Tupul, she was restored. He found literally a few purebred Schapendois in the Dutch province of Drenthe and managed to revive the breed. True, today the chapendois still remain very rare, but more likely due to the fact that their main working function is no longer so in demand.


    From his brothers in the “working profession” driven dogs Chapendois differs in a lighter build. The skeleton of the dog is not heavy, which allows it to easily maintain the gait characteristic of shepherd dogs, but be more dexterous and jumpy.

    Chapendois: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance

    A small head with loosely hanging ears is crowned with a large black nose. Because of a luxurious bangs, it is not possible to see your eyes right away. But they are quite large in size and with a very good-natured look.

    The tail of the Chapendois is quite long, usually carried low. The coat of a dog is one of the distinguishing features. The thick “hairs” of the Chapendois make this dog look like a shaggy bear cub. The hair is quite coarse, a little wavy. The undercoat is very thick. In some places, the length of the coat can reach 7 cm.

    Chapendois: characteristics of the dog breed, photo, character, rules of care and maintenance


    Chapendois are distinguished by an extremely complacent and complaisant disposition. We can say that the aggressiveness of the breed is not characteristic at all. Dogs are very curious and loyal. Moreover, despite the fact that the dog chooses one owner for himself, due to the lack of a tendency to dominate, he also treats all family members equally. Moreover, he considers his family to be his Otara, which he is obliged to protect. For small children, the chapendois can become an excellent nanny, and for teenagers, it can be a great companion for active games.

    The protective and watchdog qualities of the breed are always manifested, and not only during the work of a shepherd. The dog will defend the entrusted territory very clearly: without showing aggression, strangers will not be allowed into the house anyway. Chapendois literally need to communicate with a person. And not only in games and tactile caresses, but also in conversation. An amazing feature of these dogs is to listen carefully to the interlocutor, and without such monologues, the owner of the Chapendois can even become depressed.


    The long and thick coat of pets of this breed needs daily care. Moreover, it is categorically not recommended to cut the chapendois, since the dog’s thermoregulation may be disturbed, which will lead to health problems. Only bangs need scissors so that the dog still has some kind of overview.

    In addition, it is also advisable to wipe the muzzle of chapendia after eating with a damp cloth or napkins. Twice a week, the coat should be combed out with a long comb, if necessary using a mat cutter. But bathing the dog is often not necessary, only with very strong pollution. True, the Chapendois has an innate need to wallow in snow or mud in order to beat off its smell (so shepherd dogs do not scare sheep), so when keeping in the city, you should think about some kind of protective equipment and training. Since even a city dog ​​is not recommended to be bathed more than once every two to three months.

    Conditions of detention

    Of course, the ideal place for a Chapendois shepherd will be a farm with flocks of sheep, where the dog will be able to fully show all its innate qualities. But even in a city apartment, the dog will feel good with daily long and active walks. Chapendois wool is considered hypoallergenic, moreover, during the molting period it does not lead to catastrophic accumulations in the corners of the room.

    The breed is considered very rare even in homeland, in Holland. All over the world, probably, there are about 30 catteries engaged in chapendois, and in our country there is not a single one. There is also no information about private breeders. Therefore, having decided to start this particular breed, you need to be prepared that, in addition to the cost of the puppy itself, you will have to spend money on its transportation. In Holland, you can buy a thoroughbred Schapendois for about 300 euros, in other European countries or in the USA, the price of a puppy will already increase to 500-1000 euros.

    Photos: Yandex.Pictures

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