Medical waste is garbage left after mass vaccination from pharmaceutical enterprises and medical institutions. This type of waste has its own classes for easier disposal. Each type of waste is stored under certain conditions until it is removed and disposed of according to certain rules. Regulations are necessary to protect the environment.
Medical waste, from the total amount of garbage, takes no more than 3%, but they are the most dangerous, as they can harm not only humans, but also the environment. A large number of all kinds of viruses can be present on medical waste materials, which, if safety rules are not followed, can cause local epidemics. Outbreaks of mass diseases, in turn, can cause the emergence of a new strain of the virus.
Medical waste includes the following materials:
Any of the presented types of waste carries potential harm to the environment and humans, before direct disposal, garbage undergoes special disinfection.
Many medical institutions use fire to eliminate such garbage, this is the only way to fight and reliably eliminate this type of raw material.
Sources of medical waste
The generation of medical waste is directly related to the following enterprises:
The activities of such organizations daily produce a large amount of garbage, which can pose a different degree of danger and requires prompt and high-quality elimination.
The distribution of salvage by class will depend on the degree of threat. The following classes are distinguished:
Not all medical waste can be incinerated under normal conditions, some require a specific approach.
Basic recommendations for handling medical waste
There are special rules for handling medical waste, they are specified in SanPiN 2.one.7.728-99. Medical waste poses a threat to humans and nature before it is disposed of, the garbage is disinfected to protect against infection by all kinds of microorganisms.
Waste was divided into classes depending on the level of expected harm to others. This degree of gradation allows you to properly handle each category of garbage.
Before direct disposal, medical waste goes through the following stages:
When collecting garbage, it is required to adhere to the basic rules, it is required to collect material in special gloves, garbage is placed in containers or special bags. Garbage bags can be of different colors, depending on the degree of danger of raw materials:
Waste is transported, adhering to certain rules. Export is carried out by special services that have a license to carry out this kind of activity. These services carry out the removal and disposal of garbage, taking into account the degree of danger.
Medical waste poses a high risk of spreading infections and bacteria, may contain radiation and pose a danger to humans. The problem with the elimination of this kind of waste exists in each individual country. Security must be top notch. There are special rules, if they are adhered to, the degree of risk is completely absent.