Features of the geographical location of Australia, the relief and oceans influenced the formation of a unique climate. A huge amount of solar energy and always high temperatures come here. Air masses prevail tropical, which makes the continent relatively dry. There are deserts and tropical forests on the mainland, as well as mountains with snowy peaks. The seasons here pass in a completely different way than we are used to perceiving. We can say that summer is in winter, and autumn has changed places here with spring.
The north and part of the East of the Continent are in the subequatorial zone. The average air temperature indicator is 24 degrees Celsius, and the precipitation level per year is 1,500 mm. Summer in this zone is wet, and winter is dry. At different times of the year, monsoons and hot air masses affect.
East of Australia is in the tropical belt. A relatively soft climate is observed here. From December to February the temperature is +25, and rains are coming. In June-August, the temperature drops to +12 degrees. Depending on the time of year, there is a dry and humid climate. Also in the tropical belt are Australian deserts occupying a large territory of the mainland. In the warm season, the temperatures exceed the indicators of +30 degrees, and in the central part of the continent more than +45 degrees in a large sand desert. Sometimes precipitation has been absent for several years.
The subtropical climate also has differences and can be three types. The southwestern part of the mainland lies in the zone of the Mediterranean type. There is a dry, hot summer, and in winter it is warm and relatively humid. Temperature maximum +27, and minimum +12. The farther to the south, the more the climate becomes continental. There is a little precipitation, there are large temperature changes. Wet and soft climate formed in the southern part of the mainland.
Tasmania lies in a moderate climatic zone, which is characterized by cool summer, relatively warm and humid winter. The temperature varies from +8 to +22 degrees. Falling out, snow is melting here instantly. There are often rains, so the amount of precipitation exceeds 2000 mm per year. Frosts are only on the tops of the mountains.
Australia has a unique flora and fauna thanks to special climatic conditions. The continent is in four climatic zones, and in each of them various types of climate are manifested.