North America is located in the northern part of the western hemisphere of the planet. The continent from north to south is overlooking more than 7 thousand. km, and is located in many climatic zones.
On the northern coast of the continent, in Greenland and parts of the Canadian archipelago there is an Arctic climate. Arctic deserts covered with ice prevail, and lichens and mosses grow in places. The winter temperature varies within32-40 degrees Celsius, and in the summer it is no more than +5 degrees. In Greenland, frosts can fall to70 degrees. In this climate, an Arctic and dry wind blows all the time. The level of precipitation for the year does not exceed 250 mm, and basically it is snowing.
The subarctic belt occupies Alaska and North Canada. In winter, air masses from the Arctic move here and bring severe frosts. In summer, the temperature may increase to +16 degrees. Precipitation per year occurs 100-500 mm. The wind blows moderate here.
The most part of North America is covered by a moderate climate, but in different places there are distinctive weather conditions, depending on moisturizing. They distinguish the sea region in the West, moderately continental in the east and continental in the center. In the western part, the temperature over the course of a year changes, but a large amount of precipitation falls here-2000-3000 mm per year. In the central part of the summer is warm, winter is cold, as well as the average level of precipitation. The winter is relatively cold on the east coast, and the summer is not hot, precipitation falls about 1000 mm per year. Natural zones are also diverse here: taiga, steppe, mixed and broadleaved forests.
In the subtropical zone, which covers the south of the United States and the north of Mexico, the winter is cool and the temperature almost never drops below 0 degrees. In winter, wet moderate air dominates, and in the summer dry tropical. There are three areas in this climatic zone: the subtropical continental climate is replaced by Mediterranean and subtropical monsoon.
A significant part of Central America covers the tropical climate. A different amount of precipitation falls throughout the territory: from 250 to 2000 mm per year. There is practically no cold season, and summer reigns almost all the time.
A small piece of the North American continent is occupied by a subequatorial climatic zone. It is hot almost all the time, precipitation falls in the summer in the amount of 2000-3000 mm per year. In this climate there are forests, savannahs and edges.
North America is in all climatic zones, with the exception of the equatorial belt. Somewhere there is a pronounced winter, a hot summer, and in some areas, weather fluctuations during the year are almost not noticeable. This affects the variety of flora and fauna on the mainland.