The territory of Eurasia is large and located in several climatic zones. The northern coast lies in the climate of the Arctic deserts. There is a very cold winter where the temperature reaches50 degrees Celsius. The weather is mainly cloudy, there is little precipitation, not more than 300 mm per year. Also in this zone, cold Arctic air masses circulate all the time. Since precipitation does not have time to evaporate, there is a high level of humidity.
Arctic climate of Eurasia
South of the Arctic belt lies subarctic. He covers the areas of the polar circle and eastern Siberia. Winter in this area is cold, with frosts up to40 degrees and Arctic air masses. In summer the maximum temperature is +14 degrees. The amount of precipitation here is average about 600 mm per year.
The climate of the moderate belt of Eurasia
Most of Eurasia lies in a temperate belt, but in different areas its own type of climate has formed. The European part is occupied. The average summer temperature is +22 degrees, and winter18. Precipitation falls over a year of approximately 800 mm. There are the influence of Arctic and Atlantic cyclones. Humidity throughout the climate area is different.
In Western Siberia, the continental climate zone. The meridial circulation of air masses occurs here. Winter here is cold, with an average temperature of25 degrees. In summer heats up to +25 degrees. There are few precipitation: from 300 to 600 mm per year. On the territory of Eastern Siberia and the mountainous area of Southern Siberia, the situation is completely different. There is a sharplycontact climate and other weather conditions. Precipitation falls a little, no more than 400 mm per year. Winter in this area is severe and frosts reach40 degrees. In summer there are high temperatures that reach +26, but the warm season lasts a short time.
Mousson climate of Eurasia
In the Far East, the zone of monsoon climate. Here is dry and frosty winter with a temperature of20-32 degrees. A small amount falls out of snow. Summer is wet with cool air. The average temperature is from +16 to +20 degrees. A large amount of precipitation here is more than 800 mm per year. Musson and cyclones affect the weather.
A very small strip of the Black Sea coast lies in a subtropical climate. Here warm air masses and high temperatures. Even in winter, plus temperature. The summer is not too hot, but lasts a long time. The average annual rainfall –1000 mm.
Since the country’s territory is large, it is located in several climatic zones. But even inside one zone there are climatic differences. Somewhere too cold and prolonged winter, and somewhere for a long summer. The weather is affected by the movement of air masses from other climatic zones.
The narrow strip of the coast of the Black Sea lies in the zone of subtropical climate. Here the Caucasian mountains serve as a natural barrier for cold air masses from the east, so warmth is maintained on the seashore. Even in winter, here the air temperature does not fall below zero degrees Celsius. In the summer in the region it is good: there is no crazy heat, and heat lasts relatively long, capturing the spring and autumn months. Precipitation in subtropics fall out all year round, their total number does not exceed 1000 millimeters annually. Favorable climatic conditions and proximity of the Black Sea influenced the fact that many resorts appeared here: in Sochi, Tuapse, Anapa, Gelendzhik.
For what areas of activity is the climatic factor important
Some areas of anthropogenic activity depend on climatic conditions. First of all, this is the resettlement of people, since they can choose a new place of residence depending on the state of health. Only a certain type of climate is suitable for some individuals.
During the construction of residential buildings and industrial facilities, the type of climate is necessarily taken into account. The choice of building materials and technologies depends on this. In addition, climate conditions are important in the position of communication systems in order to build protection from heat or frost. The construction of auto and railways requires information about the climate. In this regard, it will be clear what thickness to make the road surface, at what depths there are underground waters and whether they will erode the road, whether it needs to be strengthened and what methods. Of course, the climate is key in the rural and farm. For mineral mining, information on climatic indicators is required. When organizing a resort business, a climate is also important to know what season and what type of rest can be organized.