Coriander sowing (spicy) is one of the oldest plants. It is also called in the scientific world “vegetable coriander”, and the folk name “cins”. The plant is one year old, belongs to the genus “Coriander”, the “umbrella” family.
For millennia, the coriander has been used by residents of China, Egypt and India as a spice for food, as well as for the treatment of diseases.
Description and properties
The homeland of the coriander is considered the eastern part of the Mediterranean. The name comes from the Greek word, which translates as “bug”. But some experts believe that a derivative word means “St. John’s wort”.
Coriander or cilantro is cultivated in many countries of Europe, Asia, America. Coriander appeared in Eurasia in the eighteenth century. Coriander plant honey. The coriander loves fertile and wealthy soil moisture.
The fruits of the plant are used as medicinal raw materials. They get healing essential oil containing many useful components. The fruits also contain vitamins and potassium.
In the coriander, there are substances that are used for medical purposes as painkillers, antiseptic, wound healing, diuretic, expectorant and improving digestion.
Fruit collection is carried out in sunny weather, dried in the air. Coriandra plants and flowers can be dried and consumed by both the therapeutic agent and for seasoning.
To obtain greens, the coriander is sown from early spring to mid-July every 14-20 days.
Cins and coriander what is the difference?
The root system of the coriander has the shape of a spindle. The stem is straight, its height lies in the range from 40 to 70 centimeters. The upper part of the stem is branched.
Leaves located near the root have long petioles and are dissected by three wide shares. The edge of the leaf plates is sawn. The lower leaves are attached to the stem with short petioles, crossed to two ovoid shares. The leaves that are in the middle and upper parts of the stem are dissected in three lobes along the line.
In the upper part of the stem, inflorescences are formed in the form of umbrellas, consisting of three to five rays. Small flowers of pink or white are located on the rays. They bloom in the summer months: June and July.
Fruits ripen depending on the climatic zone from July to September. They have a spherical or eggshaped shape with a ribbed surface.
Where it grows
Coriander as a spicy and medicinal plant is grown in countries such as India, Palestine, Egypt. On the territory of Eurasia, it is cultivated in the Caucasus, central chernozem and southern European regions, in Central Asia and Crimea.
The healing properties of the coriander have been known since antiquity and are mentioned in the longest treatises on medicine. For example, the Egyptians used it to obtain aromatic oil. It was often used for obstetric care and skin diseases.
As a rule, almost all parts of the plant are used the coriander uses the leaves, the roots, and the fruits. Most often, greens are used: plant leaves contain ascorbink, and carotene, and routine, and vitamins of group B. For a long time, the coriander has been used as an anticyst and capillary strengthening.
Coriander umbrellas are also used: they are wrapped, and you need to do this with accuracy so as not to damage the tubules where essential oil is contained. They have a yellowish-brown shade and a very specific taste and aroma-spicy, dope. Such fruits should not contain 0.5 percent of essential oil.
It is known that the coriander (in particular, its seeds) has an excellent antispasmodic and mild laxative effect, and also drives bile and can be used as an antiseptic. This tool is also capable of stimulating digestive activity and eliminate severity in the stomach. And this is not to mention his culinary virtues as a spice!
Contraindications for use
In the medical sphere, coriander fruits are used in various cases:
Naturally, such a wide scope of application could not but leave some contraindications to the use of this almost magical means.
As a rule, such contraindications are associated with the activity of coriander essential oils, and, above all, apply to the use of plants in the form of essential oil.
When using coriander oil, you need to be careful about the following rules:
You need to understand that the use of plants in food is not recommended in the presence of thrombophlebitis, problems with blood coagulation and allergic reactions (including individual intolerance).
For medical purposes, coriander is used both in dry and fresh form:
The leaves of the young coriander of the sowing, located in the phase of the outlet, are added to salads, meat, fish dishes and soups. They contribute to the improvement of the taste of food products and also contain vitamins A and C useful for the body.