Deforestation a problem, consequences and solutions

Deforestation is one of the most pressing environmental problems on the planet. Its influence on the environment is difficult to overestimate. No wonder trees are called the lungs of the earth. They generally constitute a single ecosystem that affects the life of various species of flora, fauna, soil, atmosphere, water regime. Many people have no idea what a disaster deforestation will lead to if it is not stopped.

Deforestation problem

At the moment, the problem of cutting down trees is relevant for all continents of the earth, but this problem is most acute in the countries of Western Europe, South America, Asia. Intensive deforestation leads to the problem of deforestation. The territory, freed from trees, turns into a poor landscape, becomes unsuitable for life.

To understand how close a disaster is, you should pay attention to a number of facts:

  • more than half of the world’s tropical forests have already been destroyed, and it will take a hundred years to restore them;
  • now only 30% of the land is occupied by forests;
  • regular felling of trees leads to an increase in carbon monoxide in the atmosphere by 6-12%;
  • every minute disappears the territory of the forest, which is equal in size to several football fields.
  • Reasons for deforestation

    Some of the most common reasons for felling trees include:

  • wood has a high value as a building material and a raw material for paper, cardboard, and the manufacture of household items;
  • often destroy forests to expand new agricultural land;
  • for laying communication lines and roads
  • In addition, a large number of trees suffer as a result of forest fires, which constantly occur due to improper handling of fire. They also happen during the dry season.

    Illegal deforestation

    Quite often, tree felling occurs illegally. In many countries of the world, there are not enough institutions and people who can control the process of deforestation. In turn, entrepreneurs in this area sometimes commit violations, annually increasing the volume of deforestation. It is also believed that timber supplied by poachers who do not have a permit to operate comes through to the market. There is an opinion that the introduction of a high duty on timber would significantly reduce the sale of timber abroad, and, accordingly, would reduce the number of felled trees.

    Deforestation in Eurasia

    Russia is one of the leading wood producers. Together with Canada, these two countries contribute about 34% of the total amount of exported material in the world market. The most active areas where trees are cut down are the territory of Siberia and the Far East. As for illegal logging, everything is solved by paying fines. However, this does not contribute to the restoration of the forest ecosystem in any way.

    The consequences of deforestation

    The main result of tree cutting is deforestation, which has a lot of consequences:

  • climate change;
  • environmental pollution;
  • ecosystem change;
  • destruction of a large number of plants;
  • animals are forced to leave their usual habitats;
  • deterioration of the atmosphere;
  • deterioration of the water cycle in nature;
  • destruction of the soil, which will lead to soil erosion;
  • emergence of environmental refugees.
  • Deforestation permit

    Companies that cut down trees must obtain a special permit for this activity. To do this, you need to submit an application, a plan of the area where the felling is carried out, a description of the types of trees that will be cut down, as well as a number of papers for coordination with various services. In general, obtaining such a permit is difficult. However, this does not completely rule out the illegality of deforestation. It is recommended to tighten this procedure while it is still possible to save the forests on the planet.

    Sample permit for deforestation

    What will happen to the planet if all the trees are cut down

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