Zhaba earthen (latch. Bufonidae) is an amphibian, which is a representative of the toads family and a detachment.
Green Earth toad is amphibian, whose skin is olive with a gray tint. There are dark green spots on her back, they are decorated with black stripes. To protect against predators, a special juice is distinguished, which is very toxic. These toads almost never make jumps, but as if they are walking.
Ordinary earthen toad is the largest view. The body of the sexual toad is heavy and wide, brown or grayish color. The eyes of the amphibian orange.
Another common species Caucasian toad. The length of the individual is 10-13 cm. The skin is painted in beige or gray. Individuals of this species prefer to settle in places where there is almost no light, namely in the caves.
Far Eastern earthen toads are the most unusual appearance, since you can find individuals of both gray and brown and green and yellow color. There are spikes and stripes on the torso. E amphibians live in dark forests.
The reed toad stands out with its large yellow stripe on the body. The length of the adult toad is 8 cm. Color can be olive or yellowish.
Mongolian toads can be recognized by a round head and convex eyes. The body of the individuals of the species is flattened, its length is about 9 cm. There are many warts on the skin of amphibians.
Livegiving toad is the smallest. The length of the torso of the individual is only 3 cm. I wonder that this toad has no teeth at all. Another distinctive feature is the black eyes of the amphibian. Lives a toad for 10-40 years.
External features of the detachment
These amphibians are unique. These amphibians have almost no teeth on the upper jaw, they have glands mumps that emit poison. And on the front limbs of male individuals there are tubercles with which they hold the female while mating.
Most types of detachment have a large head. On all limbs of amphibians there are fingers connected by a membrane. Thanks to this structure, they can quickly jump on water.
Where it lives
Earth toads inhabit almost the entire globe, with the exception of Antarctica. But earlier the toads did not inhabit Australia, but scientists artificially created poisonous toads there.
These amazing amphibians can be found in Europe, namely in Ukraine, in Belarus and Sweden, in Eurasia.
What they eat
These hairless feeds on butterflies and snails, insect larvae and fry.
Sexually mature individuals with large sizes can catch frogs and rodents, lizards. But catching these, though small animals, is not so easy. Therefore, toads can sit in ambush for hours, waiting for the moment.
Searching for food is only in the summer, moreover, toads always hunt alone. They create groups only in the marriage period. In winter, amphibians fall into hibernation. Before that, the toads find empty holes of mice or are arranged right in the roots of the tree.
Lifestyle and character
Earthovodnik data is quite calm. In the afternoon, they warm up in the sun, and spend the evening and night in anticipation of an attack on a suitable victim. A rather heavy and voluminous body makes toad slow. Amphibians move very rarely and almost do not jump. But sometimes when the enemy is on the onset of the toad still behaves differently. Seeing the opponent, the amphibian first bends his back. If this is not an adequate effect, the toad makes one jump.
The propagation period starts in the spring. In tropical latitudes, this period begins with the rain season. At this time, toads create groups near rivers with swamps. This is because toads are able to throw caviar only in water. The first to come to the places of mating are males, and then females. Future mothers immediately go into the river and begin to throw caviar. Then fertilization occurs.
This caviar later turns into tadpoles. They spend about 2 months in the reservoir. The diet of tadpoles consists of algae and small plants. After this time, from the small awkward creatures, tadpoles become toads and come out of the water. The speed of the development of amphibians depends on the type of toad, the temperature of the “house”. This usually takes from 5 to 60 days. There is a lively toad, but you can only meet it in Africa. At a time, the individuals may have 20-25 toads.
Stork and heron hunt for earthen toads. On land of amphibians, boars and foxes, snakes and raccoons are waiting. Even minks with ejectors often encroach on the lives of toads.
- Individuals of the male of some species take on the role of nanny. The male wraps up the masonry on his paws and patiently waits for the appearance of offspring.
- These amphibians are useful for humans. During the day, toads save crops from 8 g of insects, so the crop deterns less.
- The largest earthen toads inhabit Tanzania and countries of West Africa. The length of the body of such an individual is about 25 cm. But to date, these giants are actively dying out, the number of liverity toad causes great danger.
- Poison that is released mumps is almost not dangerous for humans, it can only cause a burning sensation.
- Only a lively toad becomes very active in the period of total drought.
- In the wedding period, females make strange sounds that look like a grunt. With fright, individuals are also “shouted”, but it resembles a piercing squeak.