Global environmental problems are relevant for Eurasia. It must be admitted that the country is one of the most polluted in the world. This affects the quality of life and adversely affects people’s health. The emergence of environmental problems in Eurasia, as in other countries, is associated with the intense influence of man on nature, which has become dangerous and aggressive.
What are the common environmental problems in Eurasia??
Emissions of industrial waste worsen the state of the atmosphere. The combustion of automobile fuel is negative for the air, as well as the combustion of coal, oil, gas, wood. Harmful particles pollute the ozone layer and destroy it. Once in the atmosphere, they cause acid rain, which in turn pollutes the earth and water bodies. All these factors are the cause of oncological and cardiovascular diseases of the population, as well as the extinction of animals. Air pollution also contributes to climate change, global warming and increased ultraviolet solar radiation;
In the country, the process of deforestation is practically uncontrolled, during which hundreds of hectares of green zone are cut down. The ecology has changed the most in the north-west of the country, and the problem of deforestation in Siberia is also becoming urgent. Many forest ecosystems are being modified to create agricultural land. This leads to the displacement of many species of flora and fauna from their habitats. The water cycle is disrupted, the climate becomes drier and a greenhouse effect is formed;
Water and soil pollution
Industrial and domestic wastes pollute surface and ground waters, as well as soil. The situation is aggravated by the fact that there are too few water treatment plants in the country, and most of the equipment in operation is outdated. Also, agricultural machinery and fertilizers deplete the soil. There is another problem it is pollution of the seas by spilled oil products. Every year, rivers and lakes are polluted by waste from the chemical industry. All these problems lead to a shortage of drinking water, since many sources are unsuitable even for the use of water for technical purposes. It also contributes to the destruction of ecosystems, some species of animals, fish and birds die out;
On average, each inhabitant of Eurasia accounts for 400 kg of municipal solid waste per year. The only way out is recycling of waste (paper, glass). There are very few enterprises that are engaged in the disposal or processing of waste in the country;
At many nuclear power plants, the equipment is outdated and the situation is approaching catastrophic, because an accident can happen at any moment. In addition, radioactive waste is not properly disposed of. Radioactive radiation of hazardous substances causes mutation and cell death in the body of a person, animal, plant. Contaminated elements enter the body along with water, food and air, are deposited, and the effects of irradiation may appear after a while;
Destruction of protected areas and poaching
This lawless activity leads to the death of both individual species of flora and fauna, and the destruction of ecosystems as a whole.
Problems of the Arctic
As for the specific environmental problems in Eurasia, in addition to global ones, there are several regional ones. First of all, these are the problems of the Arctic. This ecosystem was damaged during its development. There are a large number of hard-to-reach oil and gas reserves. If they start to be extracted, there will be a threat of oil spills. Global warming leads to the melting of the glaciers of the Arctic, they can completely disappear. As a result of these processes, many species of northern animals die out, and the ecosystem changes significantly, there is a threat of flooding of the continent.
Baikal is the source of 80% of drinking water in Eurasia, and this water area was damaged by the activities of the paper and pulp mill, which dumped industrial, household waste, and garbage nearby. The Irkutsk hydroelectric power station also adversely affects the lake. Not only are the coasts destroyed, the water is polluted, but its level is also falling, the spawning grounds of fish are being destroyed, which leads to the disappearance of populations.
The Volga basin is subjected to the greatest anthropogenic load. The quality of the Volga water and its inflow does not meet recreational and hygienic standards. Only 8% of wastewater discharged into rivers is treated. In addition, there is a significant problem of lowering the level of rivers in all water bodies in the country, and small rivers constantly dry up.
The Gulf of Finland
The Gulf of Finland is considered the most dangerous water area of Eurasia, since the water contains a huge amount of oil products that spilled as a result of accidents on tankers. There is also active poaching activity, in connection with which animal populations are declining. There is also uncontrolled salmon fishing.
The construction of megacities and highways destroys forests and other natural resources across the country. In modern cities, there are problems not only of atmospheric and hydrosphere pollution, but also noise pollution. It is in cities that the problem of household waste is most acute. In the settlements of the country there are not enough green areas with plantings, and there is also poor air circulation. Among the most polluted cities in the world, the second place in the ranking is occupied by the Russian city of Norilsk (and in Norilsk in 2020 there was an environmental disaster). A bad ecological situation has formed in such Eurasian cities as Moscow, St. Petersburg, Cherepovets, Asbest, Lipetsk and Novokuznetsk.
Public health problem
Considering the various environmental problems of Eurasia, one cannot ignore the problem of the deterioration of the health status of the country’s population. The main manifestations of this problem are as follows:
This list goes on. All these health problems are the main consequence of environmental degradation. If the ecological problems in Eurasia are not solved, then the number of sick people will increase, and the population will regularly decrease.
Ways to solve environmental problems in Eurasia
The solution of environmental problems directly depends on the activities of state authorities. It is necessary to control all areas of the economy so that all enterprises reduce their negative impact on the environment. It also requires the development and implementation of environmental technologies. They can be borrowed from foreign developers. Today, drastic measures are required to solve environmental problems. However, we must remember that a lot depends on ourselves: on the way of life, saving natural resources and communal benefits, maintaining hygiene and on our own choice. For example, everyone can throw away garbage, donate waste paper, save water, put out a fire in nature, use reusable dishes, buy paper bags instead of plastic, read e-books. These small actions will help you make your contribution to the improvement of the ecology of Eurasia.