Ecological problems of Belarus and ways to solve them | Ecology of Belarus

The environmental situation in Belarus is not as severe as in other countries of the world, since the economy here develops evenly and does not have too negative an impact on the environment. However, there are still some problems with the state of the biosphere in the country.

Environmental problems of Belarus

The problem of radioactive contamination

One of the biggest environmental problems in the country is radioactive contamination, which covers a large area. These are densely populated areas, the territory of forests and agricultural land. To reduce pollution levels, various actions are taken, such as monitoring the condition of water, food and wood. Some social facilities are being decontaminated and contaminated areas are being rehabilitated. The disposal of radioactive substances and waste is also carried out.

The problem of air pollution

Vehicle exhaust and industrial emissions contribute to significant air pollution. In the 2000s, there was an increase in production and an increase in emissions, but recently, with the growth of the economy, the amount of harmful emissions is decreasing.

In general, such compounds and substances are highlighted in the atmosphere:

  • carbon dioxide;
  • carbon oxides;
  • formaldehydes;
  • nitrogen dioxide;
  • hydrocarbons;
  • ammonia.
  • When people and animals inhale chemicals with air, this leads to diseases of the respiratory system organs. After the elements dissolve in the air, acid rains can go. The worst state of the atmosphere in Mogilev, and the average in Brest, Rechitsa, Gomel, Pinsk, Orsha and Vitebsk.

    Hydrosphere pollution

    The state of water in the lakes and rivers of the country is moderately contaminated. For domestic and agricultural use, the volume of water resources is used less, and in the field of industry the use of water is increasing. When industrial drains enter the ponds, water is contaminated with the following elements:

  • manganese;
  • copper;
  • iron;
  • oil products;
  • zinc;
  • nitrogen.
  • The state of water in the rivers is different. So, the cleanest water areas are the Western Dvina and the Neman, including some of their tributaries. The Pripyat River is considered relatively clean. The Western Bug is moderately polluted, and its tributaries are of varying degrees of pollution. The waters of the Dnieper in the lower reaches are moderately polluted, and in the upper reaches they are clean. The most critical situation has developed in the water area of ​​the Svisloch River.


    Only the main environmental problems of Belarus are listed, but apart from them, there are a number of less significant. In order for the nature of the country to be preserved, people need to make changes in the economy and apply environmentally friendly technologies.

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