Historically, Europe has been one of the places on the planet where human activity is especially active. Large cities, developed industry and a large population are concentrated here. This has resulted in serious environmental problems, the fight against which takes a lot of effort and money.
Origins of the problem
The development of the European part of the planet is largely due to the high concentration of various minerals in this territory. Their distribution is heterogeneous, for example, fuel resources (coal) prevail in the northern part of the region, and there are practically none in the southern part. This, in turn, influenced the creation of a developed transport infrastructure that allows you to quickly transport the mined rock over a long distance.
The activity of industry and transport has led to the emission of a large amount of harmful substances into the atmosphere. However, the first environmental problems arose here long before the advent of cars. Their cause was the same coal. For example, the inhabitants of London used it so actively to heat their houses that dense smoke appeared over the city. This led to the fact that back in 1306 the government was forced to pass a law to limit the use of coal in the city.
Actually, the suffocating coal smoke has not gone away and, after more than 600 years, dealt another blow to London. In the winter of 1952, a dense smog descended on the city, which lasted five days. According to various sources, from 4,000 to 12,000 people died from suffocation and exacerbation of diseases. Coal was the main component of smog.
Nowadays, the ecological situation in Europe is characterized by other types and methods of pollution. Coal has been replaced by car exhaust and industrial emissions. The combination of these two sources is largely facilitated by the new philosophy of urban life, which forms the “consumer society”.
The modern European has a very high standard of living, which leads to the abundant use of packaging, decor and other things that quickly perform their function and end up in a landfill. The landfills of many European countries are overcrowded, the situation is saved by the technologies being introduced for sorting, processing and recycling waste materials.
The environmental situation in the region is exacerbated by the density and small size of many countries. There are no forests stretching for hundreds of kilometers that can effectively purify the air. The scarce nature of most areas cannot withstand the anthropogenic onslaught.
Currently, all European countries pay close attention to environmental problems. Annual planning of preventive measures and other environmental protection measures is carried out. As part of the fight for the environment, electric and bicycle transport are being promoted, the territories of national parks are expanding. Energy-saving technologies are being actively introduced into production and filtering systems are being installed.
Despite the measures taken, environmental indicators are still unsatisfactory in countries such as Poland, Belgium, the Czech Republic and others. The industrial situation in Poland led to the fact that in the 1980s the city of Krakow received the status of an ecological disaster zone due to emissions from a metallurgical plant. According to statistics, more than 30% of Europeans permanently live in adverse environmental conditions.