Agriculture (agriculture) is the most important part of the economy of all countries of the world, as it provides people with food, raw materials for making clothes and textile materials necessary for everyday life. People began to cultivate the land, grow various crops and breed domestic animals in ancient times, so agriculture and animal husbandry are traditional occupations of people.
In addition to benefits, agriculture also has a certain impact on the environment, and partly negative. For this type of activity, the main benefit is soil resources, namely, the surface fertile layer of the earth, which is capable of producing significant yields. Fertile soil provides plants with water and air, useful elements and heat, which contributes to the rich collection of various crops. In general, agriculture provides raw materials for the following sectors of the economy:
The main problems of the impact of agriculture on the environment
The ecology of the agro-industrial complex lies in the fact that human activity affects the environment, just as the industry itself affects natural processes and the life of the people themselves. Since the productivity of agriculture depends on the fertility of the soil, it is cultivated by all means, using all kinds of agricultural technologies. Quite often this leads to soil degradation:
In addition to the irrational use of land resources, agriculture provides environmental pollution with pesticides, herbicides and other agrochemicals: reservoirs and groundwater, soil, atmosphere. Considerable damage is being done to forests, as trees are cut down to grow crops in their place. All this leads to the ecological problem of deforestation. Since various reclamation systems and land drainage are used in the agricultural industry, the regime of all nearby water bodies is violated. The habitual habitats of many living organisms are also destroyed, and the ecosystem as a whole is changing.
Thus, agriculture brings significant changes to the environment. This applies to all components of ecosystems, from the species diversity of vegetation to the water cycle in nature, so it is necessary to rationally use all resources and carry out environmental actions.