Environmental problems of construction in the city and methods for their solution

Modern construction of both large cities and small settlements involves the construction of various residential, social and commercial facilities. In general, the construction industry contributes to the formation of a number of environmental problems:

  • excessive consumption of energy resources, which leads to the depletion of natural resources, especially non-renewable ones;
  • changes in the environment, landscapes;
  • destruction of representatives of flora and fauna due to their displacement from their usual places of residence;
  • overload of the transport system, which leads to air pollution;
  • negative impact of wastewater;
  • increase in the amount of household and industrial waste;
  • water pollution;
  • shading of the territories where development is carried out, which leads to a shortage of sunlight necessary for the vital activity of flora and fauna;
  • locations become less resistant to earthquakes;
  • work on construction sites is detrimental to human health;
  • fires may occur.
  • Ecological approach to construction

    The creation of quality houses is the dignity of the construction industry. However, this process must be accompanied by respect for nature. It is not enough to build a residential complex presentable from the outside and from the inside, equip it with modern life support systems, and stylishly decorate. It is important that the will of the houses also have a good environment, a green zone. This is possible only if the environmental problems that exist in construction are gradually solved.

    At the moment, several ecological approaches to construction, as well as to nature protection, have been developed. These rules are partially fixed in the legislation, partially regulated by the norms and rules of modern construction.

    In developed countries, there are a number of documents and environmental certification that controls the process of construction of any facility. This documentation is necessary to reduce the harmful impact of construction on the environment. Developers adhere to these standards on a voluntary basis, but behind the scenes, the rule of environmental safety is important for modern construction.

    To minimize the harm of construction to the environment, technologies and materials are used that do not pose a danger to the environment. In this case, the principle of economical use of water, materials, energy resources is observed. In the future, it is very important to resolve the conflict between the construction industry and environmental protection.

    Principles of building ecological houses

    Since the construction industry generates a large number of environmental problems, it is necessary to decide how to develop safe construction technologies. Modern developers have been introducing eco-technologies during the construction of residential buildings and industrial facilities for several decades. There are a lot of methods, but we will try to list all the main environmentally friendly technologies:

  • use of environmentally friendly building materials;
  • application of energy efficient technologies;
  • creation of an optimal microclimate in the dwelling;
  • development of such communications that would rationally and economically use communal facilities (water, electricity, gas, heating);
  • during construction, the amount of garbage and waste is reduced.
  • If you go into details, now as many natural materials as possible are used in construction: wood, stone, textiles, sand. When designing facades and interiors, paints with safe dyes without toxic substances are used. Using insulation for facades and walls, metal-plastic windows, the house becomes warmer and quieter, the sounds from the street do not interfere with households. Thermal insulation materials allow you to make the apartment warmer, which will reduce the consumption of heating equipment and electricity. Recently, people have begun to use energy-saving lamps for lighting, which also save resources and reduce the negative impact on the environment. Last but not least is the garbage problem. All waste after construction is now subject to disposal, and many developers carry out this procedure.

    Today, there are a lot of eco-technologies where they are used, including in the construction industry. If you know that the developer uses them, then you should pay attention to his projects. A company that is trying to reduce its negative impact on the environment, knows how to properly spend resources, is worthy of attention and your choice.

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    Comments: 1
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