The Chelyabinsk region is located on the territory of Eurasia, and the central destination city is Chelyabinsk. The area is outstanding not only for industrial development, but also for the largest environmental problems.
The largest industry of the Chelyabinsk region. metallurgy is considered, and all enterprises in this area are sources of pollution of the biosphere. The atmosphere and earth are polluted with heavy metals:
Nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide, soot and a number of other toxic substances enter the air.
In those places where minerals are mined, abandoned quarries remain, and voids form underground, which causes soil movement, degradation and destruction of the soil. Housing and communal and industrial effluents are constantly discharged into the reservoirs of the region. Because of this, phosphates and oil products, ammonia and nitrates, as well as heavy metals get into the water.
The problem of garbage and waste
One of the urgent problems of the Chelyabinsk region for several decades has been the disposal and processing of various types of waste. In 1970, the landfill for municipal solid waste closed, and there were no alternatives, as well as new landfills. So all the waste sites that are currently in use are illegal, but the garbage needs to go somewhere.
Problems of the nuclear industry
There are many atomic industry enterprises in the Chelyabinsk region, and the largest of them is Mayak. At these objects, the nuclear industry materials are studied and tested, they are disposed of and process nuclear fuel. Also, various devices are produced here for this sphere. The technologies and techniques used are a great danger to the state of the biosphere. As a result, radioactive substances enter the atmosphere. In addition, small emergencies periodically occur, and sometimes large accidents at enterprises, for example, in 1957 there was an explosion.
The most polluted cities of the region are such settlements:
This is not all ecoprolays of the Chelyabinsk region. To improve the state of the environment, it is necessary to conduct radical changes in the economy, use alternative energy sources, reduce the use of vehicles and use environmentally friendly technologies.